How to Become a Fashion Designer

To put it the simplest way possible, fashion is important, especially nowadays. However, everyone may agree on the fact that it was the case in the previous times of the history of the human civilization as well. Why has fashion always been so important? Many people among us might have asked themselves the questioned mentioned even a hundred times. So, where can we seek the answer to that question?

Until we come up with the best answer, let us firstly think about whom we should thank for being able to witness such a rapid development of fashion and a huge variety of new styles that may be marked in the past decades. Those people we should be thankful to are nobody else than fashion designers! Therefore, this article will get down to highlighting that working occupation. We hope that this article will appear interesting to both the ones who are simply interested in fashion, to the ones who are already fashion freaks, and also to the ones who are already engaged in working as fashion designers.

Fashion Indisputably Matters in Our Society

Well, the most appropriate answer would be that fashion is not only down to what is in or out at a certain time, to use contemporary fancy terms. It is actually the other way around – clothing style was, through the ages, one of the most important social categories, as fashion and clothing style provided one with the ability to determine which social standard a particular person has. That is not nuclear physics – if someone wears more fashionable clothes that are obviously designed with utmost precision and that cost a huge amount of money as well, one may easily conclude that a person who wears such clothes is far from being poor and far from a social margin.

Since we have come to the conclusion that fashion is crucial within the realms of determining one’s social status, let us relate to the ones who are responsible for shaping new styles and designing new garments that hit the shelves every season. In other words, let us get down to talking about fashion designers, about what they do, what their working position entails and how a person may become one of them. We hope that will be interesting and useful to you!

What Do Fashion Designers Do?

The easiest way to describe a profession of a fashion designer would be to simply say that they design new clothes and determine new styles, which are very likely to change every year (or even during the same year), although they sometimes gain inspiration from previous trends in fashion.

However, would such a simplistic statement appear persuasive to any of the readers? Is the vocation of a fashion designer only down to trend setting? We do not think so. If some of the readers out there are dissatisfied with that simplistic answer the same as we are, let us strive to find out more about what the profession of a fashion designer entails.

One does not have to conduct a thorough investigation in order to get to find out what responsibilities and everyday tasks the vocation of a fashion designer entails.

If you are not into doing a meticulous research, you may check out the following list that includes the basic duties of a fashion designer:

  • Before they make the final product, fashion designers need to study trends and to be up to date with them.
  • Fashion designers also sketch the initial clothing or accessory design.
  • Fashion designers attend trade shows to get the better image of the current trends, of course.
  • Fashion designers also visit manufacturers in order to select fabrics and materials.
  • They create outlets for fashion catalogues and fashion magazines, such as Vogue.

Having all these duties in mind, we must also highlight that there are two basic different types of fashion design, and those are:

  • Clothes Design
  • Accessories Design

It is easy to conclude that those two are often interwoven and tightly bonded since it is important to match the clothing with accessories and jewelry. This statement once again brings to light the fact that fashion design is by no means not only down to designing clothes.

Versatile Vocation

We have already concluded through this article that fashion design is not strictly averted to one single area of clothing design. Nonetheless, fashion designers need to undergo various preparations in order to present a new collection or even a single new garment. In addition to that, some fashion designers may prefer to design accessories and jewelry rather than to mess with materials and tailoring. Therefore, it is easy to conclude that fashion design is a highly versatile vocation.

Work Environment of Fashion Designers

We have just managed to determine in the previous paragraph that being a fashion designer is a highly versatile vocation. And guess what – that is not the only thing! Moreover, fashion designers are also provided with various possibilities when it comes to choosing the most suitable work environment. They have a broad range of places and venues where they can work their miracles and express their creativity in order to present the public with freshly new clothes and collections.

In order to become more familiar with all the possibilities that fashion designers have when it comes to choosing the perfect spot to work at, let us present you with a short list:

  • An office, within a small or a huge facility or within a small or a large fashion corporation
  • In a co-working space, which may also be placed within a larger facility and where fashion designers have a chance to work with their colleagues in order to exchange ideas and views on fashion
  • Fashion magazines, where they cooperate with fashion photographers in order to create the most compelling and jaw-dropping content
  • Working from home – Since fashion design is a vocation that nowadays requires the use of technical equipment and computer programs in order to conceive a new collection or an item of clothing, many fashion designers resort to working from home and communicating with their colleagues and superiors via the Internet since it appears much easier. In addition to that, many fashion designers nowadays choose to work as freelancers and to offer their ideas to various companies, fashion corporations, fashion magazines and employers. There are various Internet platforms where they can perform such work, for example:
  • Upwork
  • Elance
  • Freelancer

How to Become a Fashion Designer?

How to become a fashion designer, or in other words, how to become the one who sets new trends and has a job in a famous fashion corporation or fashion company? Since this article has the aim to bring to light the profession of a fashion designer, it would be incomplete if it did not include some hacks and pieces of advice related to what it takes to take up this attractive working position.

Therefore, if you are interested in clothing design or accessories design, check out the following list of skills required from a fashion designer:

  • Initial Sketch
  • Patternmaking
  • Sewing
  • Tailoring
  • Being up to date with the upcoming trends
  • Creativity is a must!
  • Being artistic
  • Personal Styling
  • Being familiar with various materials and fabrics
  • Extensive travelling
  • Being familiar with clothing design software
  • Being remarkable and easy to recognize

Believe it or not, in addition to being extremely creative and being able to combine various materials, a fashion designer must relentlessly strive to find where to reap new ideas for clothing design. Therefore, a good solution is to become an extensive traveler in order to become familiar with various clothing styles. Sometimes, fashion designers do gain inspiration from traditional clothes around the world.

In conclusion, a fashion designer sometimes needs to have passion for fashion and adventure.

Education and Training in Fashion Design

Whatever working position may be at stake, as we all know quite well, skills are not enough to get a job and one needs to undergo a thorough educational process in order to prepare oneself for diving into a certain working position. The same applies to fashion design and working for fashion corporations as well.

It seems that, at least nowadays, it tends to be more popular to gain non-formal education in fashion design via various courses than to enroll in a program of fashion design at a certain university. Nonetheless, one who undergoes a non-formal course also gains an accredited license, which allows one to start working in the field of fashion design. Therefore, we will firstly get down to listing various fashion design courses.

While going through the content on the website called Creative Skill Set, one may find a list of interesting courses in fashion design such as:

  • ABC
  • City & Guilds
  • NOCN
  • SVQ

If one finds this list useful, one may follow this link to gain further information:

In addition to that, theoretical knowledge is by no means sufficient when it comes to vocations such as fashion design, which require a lot of creativity and practice. Therefore, in order to become a successful fashion designer, one must also apply for an apprenticeship in fashion and textiles.

When it comes to apprenticeships, we will relate to the formal education since various colleges offer apprenticeship programs that are related to fashion design, such advanced apprenticeship programs creative and digital media.

In order to help you choose the right one and give you a hint for your search, we have created a list of the colleges and institutions that offer apprenticeship programs in fashion and textile:

  • College Arts
  • Basingstoke College of Technology
  • Creative Process
  • Plymouth College of Art
  • Diva
  • The Manchester College
  • Warwickshire College
  • Blackburn College
  • Fashion Enter

After one has successfully completed one of the apprenticeship programs in fashion and textile, one may proudly claim that he or she is very likely to become a successful fashion designer and to start working for a famous fashion company.

Degree and Certification

If one desires to become a fashion designer or an accessories designer and to work for a fashion company or a fashion publication such as Vogue and Drapers, one must obtain required certification to prove one is qualified in the field of fashion design.

In order to obtain these qualifications and reach the job requirements, one needs to complete a certain course in fashion design and get at least an :

  • Undergraduate degree.

In addition to that, one must present a confirmation of one’s practical skills, such as a:

  • Confirmation of a completed apprenticeship in fashion and textiles.


Have you ever wondered how much do fashion designers make? According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average annual salary of a fashion designer reaches the amount of $73,180. Whereas this amount applies to the ones with an Associate’s or a Bachelor’s Degree in Fashion Design, a slightly different sum is earned by high fashion designers, from whom formal education is not commonly required. A median annual salary of a high fashion designer is $63,670.

Job Outlook

When it comes to job outlook, fashion designers have various opportunities for employment, such as:

  • Clothing Design
  • Accessories Design
  • Jewelry Design
  • Working for fashion publications and magazines
  • Creating fashion outlets
  • Creating collections for Fashion Week and similar events

A fashion designer needs to apply various skills, such as computing and interpersonal skills, on whatever working position they choose from the ones among the list.

Similar Occupations

There are various occupations similar to the one of fashion design. To start with, fashion design itself divides into a few occupations, such as clothing design, accessories design and jewelry design. Moreover, fashion designers, especially the ones who work for fashion publications, must cooperate with fashion photographers and fashion journalists.

How to Become a Social Worker

The majority of people (and readers as well) would definitely agree on the fact that all of us desire to lead a life without being under constant pressure and feeling constantly enable of reaching self-fulfillment that seems elusive to us. In addition to that, in contemporary society, in which money matters do really matter a lot, all of us would be glad to obtain a satisfying financial situation and to be able to afford ourselves not only what is included in our basic needs but also to afford ourselves pleasures such as travelling or going out.

Target Group of the Article

However, sometimes not all of us manage to make that wish come true. There are people who struggle with getting by. Therefore, the society invented a vocation called a social worker. This article aims to inform the readers about this working position. We will discuss points such as what a social worker is, what a social worker does, and, most importantly, how a person can become a social worker. We hope this article will appear interesting and useful to all the readers – the ones who simply want to get new information about this vocation as well as the ones who consider making it their future working position. So, sit back, relax, and find out something about the vocation of a social worker!

Who is a Social Worker?

Before we proceed to bringing up the job details about the occupation of a social worker, let us firstly determine what this working position entails.

A social worker is a person supposed to obtain various skills in order to surmount the gaps between higher and lower levels of our society. Moreover, a social worker is the one who helps the people who struggle with getting by to improve their circumstances and provide themselves with a better quality of life. Social workers are the ones who connect and communicate with people in order to help them solve their financial problems and to go for a better quality of life, standard and self-fulfillment. In order to give some more details about this position, we will include a few steps that may guide you in how to become a social worker. We hope they will be useful to the readers.

Why Is A Social Worker Essential in Our Contemporary Society?

Since our society is not always functioning in the fairest way that can be imagined, it is easy to conclude that not all of us live to see their dream of being able to afford themselves an easy living come true. It is actually another way around – large groups of people all over the world literally struggle just to make the ends meet. There is a wide gap between various social groups and that gap often seems insurmountable.

Social workers are the ones who are supposed to obtain great skills in order to approach the ones from risk social groups. Thus, social workers’ job is to help those people surmount the gap between them and the ones with a better living standard and to make better quality of life for themselves. That is why the position of a social worker is essential nowadays, and in this article, we will present you this working position and let you know about the job details regarding social workers.

Fields of Social Work

Before we proceed to explain some details about this job, we must emphasize that there are a few types of social workers, who are engaged in various but interconnected fields. Therefore, we will create a list of those types since it is important to choose which one you prefer when deciding on your future career:

  • Social Workers in Administration, Policy and Research
  • Child, Family and School Social Workers
  • Community Social Workers
  • Gerontological Social Workers
  • Medical and Health Social Workers
  • Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers
  • Military and Veterans Social Work
  • Palliative and Hospice Social Work
  • Psychiatric Social Workers
  • Schools Social Workers
  • Licensed Clinical Social Worker

Is your head already spinning from the list that shows an admirably broad range of various specialties of a social worker? If you are interested in further details about some of them and the working position of a social worker in general, stay tuned and continue with reading the article.

What Does A Social Worker Do?

Whatever working position may be at stake, people are always interested in getting to know more about what exactly that working position entails. In order to reach the expectations of our dear readers, we will bring up the responsibilities and the duties of a social worker.

First of all, we have already mentioned that social workers are the ones who help with surmounting the gaps between various social groups. In addition to that, as it is obvious from the list in the paragraph above, social workers may specialize in various directions. Therefore, we will create a list of the possible target groups they may choose to work with:

  • Children and Students
  • People with Mental Issues and Those Who Struggle with Drug or Alcohol Abuse (Risk Groups=
  • People Who Survived a PTSD, the Ones Who Are Experienced in War Actions
  • Elderly
  • People Who Belong to Various Minorities (Ethnical, Sexual, etc.)
  • People Who Are Disabled or Terminally Ill and Who Are under Constant Treatment

It is obvious that social workers have various duties, most important of which is to help the people who belong to some of the groups mentioned above to obtain a better quality of life. If ones if interested in taking such a responsible working position up, one may find more pieces of useful information, further in this article. So, proceed with reading!

Work Environment of a Social Worker

If a person in interested in dedicating his or her life and career to social work, that person must be interested in where he or she might expect to find work place once they start with their job. Therefore, we will provide you with the list of possible work environments of a social worker.

The following list was formed according to the survey made by a renowned School of Social Work, USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck:

  • Medical or Public Health

According to the list, becoming a medical social worker is one of the soundest opportunities when this vocation is at stake. Speaking of the work environment, medical social workers may work in any facility that provides care to patients, such as

  • hospitals
  • hospices
  • emergency rooms
  • rehabilitation facilities
  • nursing homes
  • assisted living facilities
  • home health agencies
  • mental asylums.
  • The next opportunity is to work with people struggling with substance abuse. In that case, a social worker may work in environments such as:
  • rehabilitation facilities
  • prisons
  • private practices
  • non-profit organizations
  • for-profit organizations
  • juvenile detention facilities.
  • Working With Children – In this case, a social worker may work in one of the following facilities:–
    -boarding schoolsThis particular specialty of a social worker is highly important and delicate since they appear as liaisons between the children, the educators and the family.

    How to Become a Social Worker?

    This type of articles that bring certain working positions up must contain a section in which it will be thoroughly explained how one can start a career in the particular working position. In order to help you bail out of all the details and requirements regarding the career of a social worker, we decided to divide this part of the article into a few steps that will guide the ones interested in this job position on their way to start the most successful career.

    Step 1Do I Have the Skills Required?

    Whatever working position may be at stake and whenever any person is deciding on their future career, they must be true to themselves firstly and to determine whether they have the basic skills needed in the position they are getting ready to opt for. Therefore, here are some of the skills required of a social worker:

    • social skills
    • communication skills
    • politeness
    • being reliable
    • being responsible
    • being approachable and willing to connect to people
    • being helpful
    • empathy
    • courage
    • diligence in survive the risky situations

    If you do have most of the skills mentioned above, you may consider yourself appropriate for the working position of a social worker. But, that is just the beginning. Social work is, as we have already mentioned a few times, a highly responsible and a highly versatile vocation. Therefore, one needs to undergo a range of preparations in order to be able to start their career in this working position. Therefore, the next steps will show you the way to the beginning of a successful career as a social worker.

    Step 2 – More Pieces of Information Means More Opportunities

    Whatever working position may be at stake, before anyone decides in which direction they want to set their career, they must firstly obtain a few pieces of information about what that working position entails, what the job outlook and the salary is and so on. In addition, one may also need to know whether that working position is needed in the county or area they would like to live in and whether it suits their lifestyle and preferences. When it comes to social worker jobs, most of them are full-time and require utmost dedication. Therefore, people who are not so patient and hardworking and who do not like to have deep interactions with other people should maybe think over their decision to become social workers. But, if such requirements reach your preferences, you must now make sure to obtain information about social work, such as where social workers are mostly needed. As we have suggested in the article, those would be:

    • various medical facilities
    • schools
    • non-profit organizations
    • the facilities that deal with substance abuse, such as prisons and juvenile detention facilities.

    Step 3 –Aim for the Right Education Program

    Whatever working position may be at stake, we all know that simply obtaining a certain set of skills is definitely far from enough to be able to take up that working position. Everyone needs to undergo an educational program, whether in formal or non-formal education, to study on campus or finish an online course, in order to start his or her career in a certain vocation such as the one of a social worker. Therefore, we will make a list of the universities that are considered, by the surveys conducted by renowned organizations, to offer the best educational programs in the field of social work, as well as clinical and medical social work.

    Here is the list of the universities that offer the best programs in social work:

    • Kaplan University
    • Johns Hopkins University
    • Capella University
    • Saint Joseph’s University
    • The University of the Rockies
    • Baker College Online
    • Colorado State University Global
    • North Central University
    • Grand Canyon University
    • Southern New Hampshire University

    We have just listed the best university programs in social work. As you can see, some of the programs, such as the one offered by Baker College, are even available online. Therefore, you do not have to study on campus, which is an advantage, especially for foreign students. However, bachelor’s degree is sometimes not enough. Thus, we will proceed to the next step in how to become a social worker.

    Step 4 – Pick a Specialty

    We have already mentioned in this article that the position of a social worker is a highly versatile one, offering many opportunities in choosing the specialty that suits you the most and that you find most interesting. Therefore, one must choose a specialty in social work since some of them require further education. Employees will not give you the position of a clinical social worker, for example if you provide them with your Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work only. Bachelor’s Degree is a satisfactory proof of one’s knowledge and expertise only on the entry level of the career in social work.

    Therefore, if you have decided that you wish to become a licensed clinical social worker or to work with people who undergo issues of substance abuse, you will definitely need to enroll in a program of further education according to the specialty you have chosen. Thus, we will guide you in choosing the right master’s program and obtaining the degree needed.

    Step 5 – Aim for the Right Master’s Degree

    As we have already mentioned in the previous step, one who aims to pick a specialty such as the one of a licensed clinical social worker or any of the similar specialties will have to go for a master’s degree since it is required in the field mentioned.

    In order to help the readers interested in such a specialty direct their career and reach the requirements, we will create a short list of the best master’s programs and programs of further education, according to the results of the surveys made by renowned organizations dedicated to social work.

    Here is the list:

    • USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work

    This school is among the most renowned institutions, or in other words, a household name, in the field of social work. Since this school offers an online and accredited master’s program in social work, it will be one of the best choices.

    • Capella University

    Capella University appeared on our list of bachelor’s programs. However, they offer a master’s program in social work that is available online and appears to be in CSWE candidacy status. So, if you are interested in broadening your education in social work and aiming for a more successful career, you may decide to enroll in a master’s program on Capella University.

    If you desire to find more information on the master’s programs in social work in general, you may find the following link useful:

    Step 6 – Get a Proper License

    Various working positions do not only require a person to obtain proper education, but also to engage in internship or apprenticeship, to gain some experience in the future work field and earn a license accordingly. This definitely applies to the working position of a social worker. In order to get employed, a social worker must provide the employment with a working license, especially in certain specialties such as clinical social work.

    In order to become a clinical social worker or a medical social worker, you must complete more than a determined number of hours in a social work practicum, which is required for bachelor’s degree students.

    There are four levels of social work:

    • Bachelor’s
    • Master’s
    • Advanced Generalist
    • Clinical

    All of the ones mentioned require a certain amount of practical work. When the specialties of the licensed clinical social worker and medical social worker, that have the most serious requirements, are at stake, the people engaged in them need to earn MSW and to complete the requirement for two years of work experience, either supervised or direct clinical. Since various states and jurisdictions may have various requirements when it comes to social work jobs, one is advised to graduate from a social work program accredited by the Council on Social Work Education.

    Step 7 – Never Cease to Broaden Your Knowledge and Experience

    Practice makes perfect, or so they say. Therefore, if you have completed all the previous steps successfully, the last one is not the least. A person engaged in a social work job should never cease to broaden his or her knowledge and to gain more experience in the field. The more you work the more skilful and successful you will get, that is the rule or engagement. In addition to that, always keep in touch with the colleagues who are more experienced, in order to pick some tricks of the trade from them. One of the most useful things in every career is to be open to cooperate with people from your vocation and the similar occupations.

    Social Worker Degree

    When it comes to degree and certification of a social worker, we have pretty much covered that topic among the steps we have been through, especially steps four, five and six. However, emphasizing some crucial information will by no means hurt in this case.

    Therefore, here is the list of the degrees one may earn in the field of social work:

    • Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work
    • Master’s Degree:
    • in Social Work
    • in Clinical Social Work
    • in Medical Social Work
    • PhD in Social Work (and the specialties mentioned above)

    In addition to those degrees, one may also earn various certificates in order to become and accredited social worker, such as:

    • The Certificate Issued by CSWE (Council on Social Work Education)

    Social workers can also obtain a membership in National Association of Social Worker Boards.

    How Much Do Social Workers Earn?

    When it comes to the salary of social workers, according to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual salary of a social worker reaches the amount of approximately $42,000. For mental health and substance abuse workers, it reaches $42,170, whereas for child, family and schools social workers it reaches $42, 350, and when it comes to healthcare social workers, it reaches $42,380.

    Social Worker Jobs – Job Outlook

    We have already mentioned a few specialties and social workers jobs. Thus, we will just create a short list:

    • Child Welfare Social Workers
    • Direct-Service Social Worker
    • Gerontology Social Worker
    • Medical or Public Health Social Worker
    • Clinical Social Worker
    • Substance Abuse Social Worker
    • Mental Health Social Worker

    When it comes to similar occupations, the one of an occupational therapist is slightly similar to the vocation of a social worker.

    We hope that this article was helpful to both the ones simply interested in social work and the ones who see it as their future job opportunity.

How to Become an Accountant?

All of us would definitely agree on the fact that, through the recent years, we have all been witnessing a rapid growth as well as a rapid and fast-paced development of industry, and it also seems that economy is growing and developing alongside industry with no less pace. In addition to that, since the economy and the industry, as some of the crucial areas of human activity nowadays have marked such a remarkable growth, it is obvious that these areas and need to be thoroughly organized. Industry, as well as the economy, needs to be divided into sections. In order to make that possible, we have come to making various new vocations to help maintain various sectors of both economy and industry.

Since we have said that economy and industry need to be divided and somehow organized, people who are engaged in business found companies and corporations in order to dedicate to their business and to gather around themselves the people who tend to be most suitable to cooperate with and the ones who appear as the most suitable potential employees.

Questions Related to the Occupation of an Accountant

Since business, industry and economy are so complex nowadays, they need to be thoroughly organized. On top of that, someone needs to keep the track of what is going on in these areas or in single business operations and that person needs to consider many factors. And who else would do that if not an accountant? Therefore, this article will dedicate to bring up the working occupation of an accountant. This article aims to deal with questions such as: How to Become an Accountant? What does it take to become an accountant? What type of education one needs to become an accountant?, and so on.

Essential Vocation

Being an accountant is an essential vocation, as it was implicated in the previous paragraph. Therefore, this article will get down to explaining what makes the occupation of an accountant so essential. First of all, accountants are utterly important nowadays, especially in the world of business and large corporations and companies since they provide business persons with the possibility to have the costs of their business operations carefully and thoroughly tracked in order for those business persons to be informed about them. Therefore, the vocation of an accountant is more than essential nowadays.

What Does an Accountant Do –  Accountant Job Description

The aim of this article is to discuss the inevitable working occupation of an accountant, and we strive to make this article helpful for both the ones who are simply interested in this working position and the ones who might already be engaged in it or the ones who are considering taking accounting up as their future working position. Therefore, this article will bring up some of the main duties and responsibilities that come along with the vocation of an accountant.

We hope that this article will appear helpful to the ones who desire to become successful accountants. In order to do so, one may be interested in reading some of the successful accountant stories shared on the Internet, for example, by visiting the following link:

According to this website, and also the website, which gathers both successful and passionate accountants eager to share their advice in this working occupation, what does it take to become a successful accountant?

In order to answer that question, here is a short list of the duties of an accountant:

  • They need to look beyond the financial statements
  • They need to be open-minded
  • Understand and apply financial concepts
  • Create and monitor non-financial measures
  • Prepare liability, capital accountant entries and asset by analyzing accountant information
  • Keeps the track of financial transactions according to the pieces of information obtained
  • They analyze accounting options and suggest new measures according to their analyses
  • They audit documents in order to substantiate financial transactions
  • Present the results of the analyses conducted on the information they collected
  • Accountants prepare various policies and procedures in order to recommend most suitable financial measures and to lead their company towards sound investments
  • An accountant also guides accounting clerical staff by answering questions and coordinating activities
  • Accountants also make sure to maintain safety of the information by creating data base backups

Is your head already spinning from reading through the list of the numerous duties of an accountant? If you are eager to find out more about them, you may find the following link quite useful:

Work Environment of an Accountant

Whatever working position may be at stake, we would all agree on the fact that it is quite useful to know where a person engaged in it is most likely to work. Therefore, let us find out what the possibilities for accountants are when it comes to their work environment.

To start with, let us make a short list of work environments of an accountant:

  • work from home
  • work in an office
  • work in a co-working space
  • travelling to clients to conduct business
  • such industries that include payroll services
  • public sectors
  • private sectors
  • industries related to
  • finance
  • manufacturing,
  • insurance
  • tax preparation
  • management

Since we are discussing working environment, or in other words, the terms of space regarding the vocation of an accountant, it would be beneficial to point out some facts regarding their working hours as well. According to various researchers, most of the accountants are employed full-time and some of them work even for forty hours a week. How busy and dedicated certain accountants are!

In order to obtain more pieces of information regarding the work environment of an accountant, you may visit the following website:

How to Become an Accountant?

In this type of articles where we discuss certain working occupation, it is inevitable to explain how one can start a career in the occupation that is at stake. Therefore, let us ask the question: How to become an accountant? And now, let us get down to finding the best answers to that question.

To begin with, since the section about how to become an accountant is utterly important in this type of articles, we will cover it step by step, like this:

Step 1: Determining One’s Skills and Getting Informed about Accounting

Whatever working position may be at stake, everyone who takes it up must obtain some skills first. When it comes to accounting, a person is supposed to be highly responsible and reliable, as well as to have computing skills and knowledge in mathematics.

If those of the readers of this article who might be interested in becoming accountants have skimmed through this short list and discovered they have most of the skills mentioned, they may consider finding a way to hone their skills, get proper education and obtain a license in accounting in order to start their career in that field. In order to help those readers, we will bring up some more pieces of information on what it takes one to become a licensed accountant and to go for a successful career in accounting.

Step 2: Honing one’s Skills Through Education and Training

Practice makes perfect, or so they say. Therefore, a future accountant needs to get thoroughly informed about their future working position and also to perfect one’s computing, accounting and mathematical skills trough courses and formal education.

Moreover, everyone needs to undergo a program of proper education and to be properly prepared in order to be able to start one’s career in whatever area. It also applies to the profession of an accountant, of course.

Therefore, this part of the article will focus mostly on how one may gain the best education in this field. We will bring up the pieces of information related to both formal and informal education, both university programs and online courses.

Step 3: Start from the Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting

In order to gain the most useful information about the education and training in the field of accounting, we have also visited various websites that might appear helpful. The content provided by the website called appears to offer a huge variety of important facts regarding the accounting business.

Therefore, we will consult that website while creating a short list of the best universities, colleges and schools where one can obtain the best education in accounting:

  • Kaplan University
  • Strayer University
  • Southern New Hampshire University
  • Ashford University
  • Herzing University
  • Grand Canyon University
  • Colorado State University Global
  • American National University
  • Capella University
  • Baker College Online

Step 4: Decide on Your Future Specialty

When it comes to certain specialties in accounting, candidates are asked to provide a degree at a level further than the bachelor’s degree. Therefore, in order to decide in which direction you wish your career to go, decide on the specialty in the field of accounting you want to specialize in and choose the right master’s program.

Step 5: Choose the Most Suitable Master’s Program

When it comes to aiming for more than the Bachelor’s Degree, future accountants need to choose their specialty and pick the most suitable masters program accordingly.

When it comes to accounting, a Master’s Degree is not a must, but it might appear helpful when it comes to aiming for an enviable working position in this field, since a holder of a Master’s Degree is more likely to get such a position than the one who has only earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting. Therefore, do consider going to master studies if you aim for a high position in the field of accounting.

Regarding these university and college programs, it is also important to point out that they provide the students with the possibility to attain degrees of a various level – from Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting, to PhD in Accounting.

Step 6: Practical Work in Accounting and Licensing

If one desires to become a licensed accountant, one must complete certain practical work. In other words, obtaining a degree of a certain level of education appears not to be enough when it comes to looking for employment in the field of accounting. Therefore, we will let you know about some possibilities to get a license in accounting after completing practical work or an apprenticeship.

If you have gained your Bachelor’s Degree and become an aspiring accountant, the best choice is to go for an internship in a certain company for a while in order to get the better image of what the responsibilities of an accountant are. Having successfully completed the task mentioned, you may aim for taking the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) exam. Having passed the exam successfully, you may go for a Master’s Degree, which takes you a step further towards a bright career in accounting. Congratulations!

Step 7: Never Cease to Educate and Perfect Your Skills

If you are eager to become and remain successful in your working occupation, whatever it may be, you have to be aware of the fact that education is a continuous process. You should never cease to gain more knowledge in the field of accounting. Moreover, you should also learn from the masters – keep in touch with the colleagues who are more experienced and acquire some tricks of the trade from them.

Certification and Degree in Accounting

Whatever working position may be at stake, a certificate that proves one’s experience and a degree of a certain level are a must. Therefore, here is a list of the degrees that may be obtained by a future accountant:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting
  • Master’s Degree in Accounting
  • PhD in Accounting


Have you ever wondered how much does an accountant earn? According to the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average annual salary of an accountant reaches the amount of $65,940, which is the same as the median salary earned by auditors, which is one of the occupations similar to accounting. When it comes to the predicted growth of this working position, according to the research mentioned it measures 4%.

Job Outlook

We have already suggested a few times in this article that accounting is an essential vocation, especially nowadays. Various industries, such as manufacturing, banking and many others are in the constant need for skillful accountants. Therefore, if they are eager to dedicate to their vocation and work, they will find a workplace easily, whether in private or public sector.

Similar Occupations

The first occupation that comes to mind and that is very similar to the one of accounting is the profession of a financial analyst. Financial analysts also need to keep the track of the costs made by the company they work at and to suggest new strategies. On the other hand, accountants need to analyze financial transactions and keep the information safe. Besides, accounting has much in common with the vocations of auditors and managers.

How to Become a Financial Analyst: Degree and Career

All of us know quite well that financial matters are among the most important matters in the contemporary world and the contemporary society. All of us who live in the contemporary civilized world get in touch with various financial issues and matters on daily basis. Therefore, the fact that finances matters to all of us is definitely an indisputable one.

The Importance of Financial Analysts

Moreover, if financial matters are so crucial in the contemporary world and society that we cannot simply bail out without them being one of the key parts of our everyday lives, we may easily conclude that someone has to take that fact into account and also to keep the count of various financial matters. And who could be a better person for that job than, oh you will easily guess – a financial analyst!

We apologize for such a long introduction, but financial analysts really are engaged in a highly important working occupation. Therefore, the aim of this article is to bring that occupation to light and explain what it entails.

We hope that this article will appear useful and interesting to both the ones who are simply interested in this working position as well as to the ones who might already have considered choosing it as their future working position.

What Does A Financial Analyst Do?

Whenever any kind of discussion regarding any working position starts, the first question that normally pops up is what a person engaged in that particular working position is supposed to do in order to reach the job requirements. Since this article is dedicated to the vocation of financial analysis, we will strive to provide the readers with the best description of this job and show what it entails.

Therefore, here is a short list of some of the basic duties of a financial analyst:

  • Determining operational costs – financial analysts are usually employed in huge (or less huge) corporations and business centers and in certain local businesses. Since business persons are engaged in developing their company and their work, financial analysts are the ones who keep the track of the costs made by the company. In order to do so, they must collect operational data and be up to date with all the actions taken by their company and its costs.
  • Identifying financial status – apart from keeping the track of the costs made by the company a particular financial analyst is employed at, that financial analyst has the responsibility of comparing the forecasts and the former plans of the company with the real status and to compare the goals set to the ones that have been reached. In other words, a financial analyst is supposed to do the reality check when it gets to the balance between the expectations and the reality of any business operation in their company.
  • Guiding cost analysis process – the analysis of the costs made by a certain company or corporation are a process since the development of a certain company is a durative process itself. Therefore, a financial analyst needs to establish and enforce various policies and procedures, to provide trends and forecasts and to explain processes, techniques and recommended actions in order to guide the cost analysis process successfully.
  • Maintaining database – in addition to the fact that financial analysis is not a temporary but a durative process, a financial analyst should make sure to maintain the databases that contain the pieces of information regarding the costs of their company, in order to make those pieces of information useful in their further work.
  • Protecting information – what would be the use of having financial information and cost analysis if they got into wrong hands? In order to avoid such mishaps, financial analysts must always strive to keep the information about the costs of their company highly confidential, in order for them not to be used by other companies.
  • Recommending actions – having analyzed the costs made and compared the forecasts with the real financial status and the actual achievements of the company at a certain time, a financial analyst is the one who recommends the strategies that will be more fruitful to the company’s future development and draws the attention of the company’s authorities to the sound investments.
  • Reconciling transactions – also a duty of a financial analyst, which is performed through comparing and correcting data.

If you are eager to get to know more about the duties of financial analysts, you may find the following link useful:

A highly responsible vocation

It appears obvious from the list above that the duties of financial analysts towards the company they work at are quite numerous and versatile. Having that in mind, we will easily conclude that the working position of a financial analyst is a highly responsible one. Moreover, there are almost no business persons and no business facilities that can bail out and develop their business normally without consulting a financial analyst.

Therefore, this article will now get down to giving more pieces of information regarding this job position, such as the ones regarding their possible work environment as well as the type of education and training and the qualifications that need to be obtained by the one desiring to become a financial analyst.

Work Environment

When it comes to the working environment of financial analysts, it is a fact that the majority of their work can actually be completed via the Internet or on a personal computer or laptop. Since they need to use data that is nowadays, as we all know, almost completely digitalized, all financial analysts must resort to their computers when they make various comparisons of the costs and conceive more fruitful future strategies. They need to use many tables, graphics and diagrams, which are most easy to be made in various computer programs. However, almost every company tends to hire a responsible and, more importantly, a reliable individual on a long term. Therefore, financial analysts do not have so many opportunities to work from home as freelancers.

In order to give the readers a better image of the working environment of financial analysts, here is the list of the possible work places for them:

  • An office at a company/corporation
  • A bank
  • Buy-side firms
  • Sell-side firms
  • Healthcare facility
  • Private entrepreneurship company
  • Participating in public conference calls

Having discussed the most likely work places of a financial analyst let us get down to what skills and education are required in order to become one.

How to Become a Financial Analyst?

It has already been stated in this article that being a financial analyst requires much effort and many skills, since it is a working occupation that brings various responsibilities.

In order to reach the job requirements, one who desires to become a financial analyst needs to obtain proper education and to have various skills. Here is a list of those skills and qualifications:

  • Corporate Finance
  • Developing Standards
  • Quality Management
  • Problem Solving
  • Process Improvement
  • Cost Accounting
  • Statistical Skills
  • Financial Planning and Strategy
  • Reporting Research Results
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Financial Skills

If some of you have skimmed through the whole list and concluded that you do obtain a great amount of the skills mentioned, you may decide to brush them up by enrolling in a university program dedicated to financial analysis and accounting. Who knows – maybe financial analysis is your future vocation? In order to give you the best advice on the topic of education, this article will cover that topic further on.

Education and Training for Financial Analysts

Almost all the vocations we may think of require proper education and training from anyone who would like to be engaged in them. There are various ways to obtain education and training nowadays since a broad range of courses in various fields is available online. Even some universities offer to their students a possibility to study online and not to be obliged to study on campus.

In order to inform the readers interested in the type of education required from a future financial analyst, we will bring up some formal and non-formal educational programs.

Formal Education

If you are more into formal education than enrolling in online courses, we have got something just for you. Here is the list of the best schools and universities in the United States that offer the best educational programs in the field of financial analysis:

  • The University of Pennsylvania, a private university with a not-for-profit program that lasts for four years
  • New Your University, also a private university with a not-for-profit program that also lasts for four years
  • The University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, a public university with a program that lasts for four years
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a private university offering a not-for-profit program, which lasts for four years
  • The University of California – Berkley, a public university that offers a program that lasts for four years
  • The University of Texas – Austin, also a public university with a four-year program
  • The University of Virginia, also a public university with a four-year program
  • Carnegie Mellon University, a private university offering a program in financial analysis that lasts for four years
  • The University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, one more public university with a four-year program
  • Indiana University – Bloomington, last but not the least, Indiana University is one of the public universities that offer a four-year lasting program in financial analysis

Just to remind you – this is a list of the universities that offer the best programs in financial analysis. Since both public and private ones were listed, almost anyone interested in financial analysis programs may find a suitable one. All of the programs last for four years and enable a student to get a Bachelor’s Degree.

Further Formal Education

If one is not satisfied with a Bachelor’s Degree and aims for more in the field of financial analysis, one may get further education by applying for a master’s program or a PhD program at a university from the following list:

  • Kaplan University
  • Ashford University
  • Cappella University

Certification and Degree

Here are the formal degrees that may be obtained in financial analysis:

  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • Master’s Degree
  • PhD in Financial Analysis


Financial analysts struggle with comparing incomes and costs and providing better strategies when it comes to money matters. But, how much do they earn? According to the results of the research conducted by the organization named Pay Scale, an average annual salary of a financial analyst reaches the amount of $58,022. In addition to that, when it comes to the job outlook, the results of the investigation show that the majority of the financial analysts have less than ten years of experience.

Job Outlook

We may agree on the fact that the working position of a financial analyst is ubiquitous and inevitable whatever business facility might be at stake. Therefore, there are various opportunities for employment for them and there are various types of firms to work at.

Most analysts in the investment industry choose to work for either buy-side or sell-side firms. Thus, we will explain each of those positions more thoroughly.

  • Buy-side firms – while working in this type of firms, financial analysts research stocks for an in-house fund. These are the investment houses that manage their own funds and track the stocks in their funds’ portfolio to determine whether they should sell some of the stocks.
  • Sell-side firms write research reports for buy-side firms. Financial analysts employed in such firms compare the quality and the security given in a sector or an industry.

In addition to the specialties mentioned, there are subspecialties. For example, some financial analysts specialize in equities, whereas some are engaged in analyzing fixed-income instruments. Moreover, there are analysts who work in investment banking firms.

Similar Occupations

It is obvious that the vocation of a financial analyst, who deals with money and cost matters, is tightly bonded with some other occupations that also refer to money and finances. What are those occupations? Here is a short list:

  • Accounting Analyst
  • Financial Service Worker
  • Quantitative Analyst
  • Research Reporter

In addition to the occupations listed, financial analysts do have something in common with healthcare managers, since their responsibility is to track the costs of a healthcare facility they work at.

How to Become a Graphic Designer?

We all spotted that we are surrounded by a bunch of commercials, adverts, leaflets, promo material. To put it simply, all different kinds of visual material are everywhere. That is simply because the industry itself is developing and going for an increase in development and production. In addition to that, all of us are witnesses of hyper-production and the fact that a huge amount of items of the greatest variety is constantly piling over our heads.

Versatile Vocation

The working position of a graphic designer is definitely a highly versatile one. That is because there is a constant need for their work in various areas. Graphic designers may create commercials or adverts, but they may also create posters that promote some concerts or other events. Moreover, they can create book or magazine covers, or even be multi-specialized and engage in web design while designing web pages as well.

Graphic designers also engage in creating the special and remarkable design of a huge variety of products that all of us buy and need. All of us are quite aware of the fact that almost anyone would rather decide to buy a product that has an attractive package. It simply convinces people to give the chance to such products, because it is simply a human habit to choose what attracts them by the look. Therefore, graphic designers have a serious responsibility to make various products literally sell themselves by creating such packages people will be keen on.

Essential Vocation

We have already mentioned in the paragraph above that the working position of a graphic designer is not only ubiquitous and versatile, but it is essential as well. The work of a skillful graphic designer is inevitable whenever one is creating a new product and later on when the same person needs to attract the customers and convince them to buy the product through promotion. In addition to that, some products that have already been on the market for a while may still need some promotion in order to cast new light on them and help them regain their former popularity.

What Do Graphic Designers Do?

We have already covered certain points related to the vocation of a graphic designer, such as the fact that this working position is versatile, ubiquitous and also essential and inevitable in contemporary consumer society, especially when creating and promoting new products is at stake.

In order to obtain that, here is the list of the basic duties and responsibilities of a graphic designer:

  • Creating commercials
  • Creating packages for various products
  • Page layout design
  • Creating symbols, ideograms and other visual representations that convey various messages and ideas
  • Designing brand logos and web pages

Is your head already spinning from looking at the list of numerous possible tasks of a graphic designer? To put it simply, the basic and the main duty of any graphic designer is to create visual content. Moreover, they are supposed to make up such visual content that will represent certain ideas, messages or products. In addition to that, such content must get the message of a business person or anyone who hired a graphic designer across to the potential consumers.

Work Environment of a Graphic Designer

When it comes to the work environment of a graphic designer, we might say that they have a huge variety of opportunities when that topic is at stake. Since most of the jobs are desk-based nowadays and everything is spilling into the virtual world, there are many opportunities to work from home and not to exit one’s comfort zone in order to complete one’s working tasks and to develop one’s dream career.

In order to enable the readers to get the clear and complete image of the various possibilities that are open for graphic designers when it comes to their work environment, let us create a short list:

  • Co-working space
  • Office
  • Work from home/ a cafe or where ever there is Wi-Fi
  • Work as a freelancer on various web pages or internet platforms such as upwork, freelancer, elance, etc..

In addition, let us point out that working as a freelancer appears attractive to many people nowadays since it offers them the possibility to have flexible working hours and plan their time according to their needs and preferences. Nevertheless, working as a freelancer by no means excludes exiting your home and getting in touch with the colleagues in your field.

How to Become a Graphic Designer?

Some of the readers out there, especially those among them who might have considered becoming graphic designers themselves, might find it useful to get to know what it takes to start a career in this working position. Therefore, this part of the article will mostly focus on giving such pieces of information. Thus, we will create a list of the basic skills required from a future graphic designer who aims for a successful career. Afterwards, we will also bring up certain techniques that every future graphic designer must learn and become good at in order to obtain a stable working position and develop a successful career.

To cut the long story short and bring the essential pieces of information up, let us create the following list of the skills that every graphic designer should have:

  • Creativity, in the first place
  • Visual ideation
  • Resourcefulness
  • Broad knowledge of computing
  • Broad knowledge of informatics
  • Thorough knowledge of design overall
  • Willingness to cooperate with
  • customers
  • clients
  • colleagues
  • Being familiar with color theory
  • Ability to provide conversion optimization
  • Being aware of art history and design theory

The techniques, which graphic designers most commonly use:

  • Typography
  • Photography
  • Drawing and Sketching
  • Visual arts
  • Page layout
  • Communication design
  • Web design/ Basic HTML
  • Design software (Photoshop, Illustrator, etc.)
  • Illustration
  • Conversion optimization
  • Print design

A person needs to undergo a training program and to gain thorough knowledge in the field of graphic design. Where can one obtain all those skills if not by enrolling in a university or on some online course and engaging in practical work afterwards? Therefore, the following part of the article will dedicate to bringing up the best opportunities for education and practice in the field of graphic design.

Education and Training in Graphic Design?

Since this article aims to appear both interesting to the ones keen on getting to know more about graphic design and useful and helpful to the ones who desire to choose it as their future working position, this article will bring up certain suggestions related to proper education and training in this field.

Formal, Non-Formal and Informal Education

We all know that gaining a lot of knowledge in a particular field as well as obtaining and honing certain skills required in the same field are absolutely inevitable whatever working position may be at stake. The same, obviously, applies to the working position of a graphic designer, as well. Therefore, this article will include some key points when it comes to deciding on the type of educational program, formal, non-formal or informal, one will take up in order to prepare for one’s future career in graphic design.

Bachelor Studies

When it comes to bachelor studies, enrolling in one among the universities in the United States that are related to art and thus suitable for the ones interested in the field of design sounds like the most fruitful and auspicious opportunity both to the ones who are residents of the United States and those who come from different countries.

Therefore, it will be beneficial and useful to have a list of the most recommended universities that have top-ranked programs of the graphic design included in their curriculum.

Thus, here is a short list of the university programs in graphic design in the United States that are most often recommended by renowned organizations:

  • Full Scale University, which offers both campus programs and an online program and it heavily focuses on project-based learning.
  • Carnegie Mellon, which also offers the students a possibility to choose from the programs of Communication Design and Industrial Design according to their preferences
  • Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), which has an indisputable advantage – it is known for its small classes that provide the students with the highest quality of learning in a comfortable environment. In addition, the program of graphic design on this university pays the utmost attention to typography.

Most Affordable Universities

In the contemporary consumer society, we are aware of the fact that all of us tend to save some money and make everything more efficient and more affordable. Therefore, the majority of students, including the ones interested in studying graphic design, appear to choose the programs that are not only widely recommended, but that are also affordable. Therefore, we will provide them with a list of the most affordable graphic design programs.

Here is the list of the most affordable graphic design programs offered in the United States:

  1. Pratt Institute, New York
  2. Parsons School of Design, New York
  3. Maryland Institute College of Art, Maryland
  4. School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
  5. California Institute of the Arts, California
  6. California College of the Arts, California
  7. Otis College of Art and Design, California
  8. Art Center College of Design, California
  9. Rochester Institute of Technology, New York
  10. Savannah College of Art and Design, Georgia
  11. Kansas City Art Institute, Kansas
  12. Minneapolis College of Art and Design, Minnesota
  13. School of Visual Arts, New York
  14. Boston University, Massachusetts
  15. Massachusetts College of Art and Design, Massachusetts
  16. The University of Cincinnati, Ohio
  17. The University of Illinois of Chicago, Illinois
  18. Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia
  19. Academy of Art University, California

While looking through this list of the most affordable graphic design programs, it is easy to conclude that the majority of them is to be found at the universities of California.

Master Studies

Most of the universities in the United States mentioned in the lists above offer not only programs for bachelor students, but they offer master studies’ programs as well. Therefore, it would be a great opportunity to attend a college or a university in the United States. One who has a Master’s Degree may appear more likely to get a more complex working task and a more desirable position as a graphic designer than the one with Bachelor’s Degree.

Online Courses

Specialization in graphic design is available on various websites, such as Coursera, for the price that starts from $79. The main goal of the specialization is to equip the attendants with a set of transferable and useful tools that will help them turn verbal content into visual content while preserving the original message and enabling the communication via visual content. Here is the link to the website, in order to get more information:

Degree and Certification

In order to take up almost any working position, one must not only be highly capable of reaching the job requirements and have exceptional skills. One must provide the future employer with compelling evidence of one’s competence, whatever field may be at stake. Where can we find more grounded evidence than the one given by an accredited degree or a certificate in a particular field? Therefore, in order give sufficient information about degrees and certificates those among the readers who desire to become graphic designers, here is a short list:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Graphic Design
  • Master’s Degree in Graphic Design
  • Master’s in Graphic and Interactive Design
  • Master’s in Design and Character Animation


According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, an annual average salary of a graphic designer appears to reach the amount of $46,900, which is a similar sum to the salaries earned by other designers. To sum up, average salaries in the versatile vocation of design are quite balanced and do not differ from each other much. The predicted job growth for graphic design is 1%.

Job Outlook

Since the products of graphic design are all around us, we can easily conclude that graphic designers, especially the most skillful, resourceful, creative and courageous ones may always find a suitable working position. Therefore, if you find yourself appropriate for this lovely vocation, feel free to take it up and do not agonize over your future career – you will have bright opportunities for employment!

Similar Occupations

We have already mentioned that the area of design is quite versatile. There are numerous types of design and therefore, graphic designers have a lot in common with their colleagues from the same area, such as communication designers, animation designers, interior or industrial designers, or even software developers.

How to Become an Occupational Therapist?

All of us are quite familiar with the fact that the contemporary lifestyle we have acquired puts various challenges and requirements in front of us on daily basis. Expectations are higher and higher for everyone, no matter which field of human activity may be at stake. Is that something to be concerned about? Yes, all of us are definitely worried, at least from time to time, that we may not reach all the expectations. That is the inner conflict that we sometimes may not be able to solve by ourselves, and that is where occupational therapists take the stage. Thus, this article will bring to light the vocation of an occupational therapist.

Versatile Vocation

To start with, like a number of other working positions, occupational therapy is a versatile vocation that enables one to work with different types of clients with different types of issues. Therefore, one who is interested in occupational therapy may firstly consider which working position among this area appears most attractive and suitable for them, so they can start gaining knowledge and experience in that particular position.

Thus, here is the list of various types of occupational therapy one may decide to perform:

  • Working with children

They can work individually or with groups of children, and they can perform therapy at home or in schools. The task of an occupational therapist who works with children is to evaluate children’s abilities, recommend their therapy and improve classroom equipment in order for the children to be more motivated to reach their goals.

  • Engaging in work-related therapy

Adults should not be underestimated when it comes to occupational therapy, since people who seem not to have any problems may also need certain assistance for reaching their own daily goals. That is why occupational therapists work with employed people and help them overcome their personal and career problems and reach the sense of achievement.

  • Working with Elderly

While getting old, we will lose many of our abilities. That is the law of nature, but we should by no means give into it. Therefore, the occupational therapists who work with elderly strive to help them find their inner strength and maintain their motor functions.

  • Working with Terminally Ill and Disabled People

This type of occupational therapy may be the one that brings the greatest responsibilities, since people who are terminally ill or disabled need utmost attention, dedication and special care, on top of that. Therefore, occupational therapists who work with such patients must be capable of using adaptive equipment, such as wheelchairs or orthotics.

Essential Vocation

The first question regarding this topic is if we all know what an occupational therapist is and what this working position entails. Since all of us are surrounded with various encouraging messages, we seem to be overwhelmed with that content and we may miss noticing what is helpful for us.

At this point, it is important to emphasize that occupational therapists are the people who are highly educated, well trained and thus specialized in the field of psychology and helping people overcome their daily hardships that make it hard for them to reach their daily goals.

What Does an Occupational Therapist Do?

Here is the job description of this vocation. In order to bring a certain working position up and make this article interesting to both the ones who maybe desire to become occupational therapists themselves and to the ones who simply wish to get more pieces of information in this field, this article must list certain tasks and responsibilities that this working position entails.

Therefore, here is the list of some basic tasks of every occupational therapist:

  • Promote health
  • Help prevent injuries and disabilities
  • They help a person recover from mental or physical injuries or post-traumatic issues
  • They help their clients attain and improve the highest level of :
  • self-fulfillment
  • general health
  • independence

Occupational therapists help their clients regain energy, obtain and maintain both physical and mental balance and health in order to feel good about themselves and to be able to reach their goals. Therefore, a person who undergoes a treatment in occupational therapy has better chances of becoming independent by achieving his or her goals.

Work Environment of an Occupational Therapist

When it comes to the working space where occupational therapists may find themselves, we may say that it varies both from their personal preferences and from the preferences of their clients as well.

Since occupational therapy is a vocation in which one needs to be dedicated to the person one treats and one needs to obtain a close contact and maintain communication with that person, the possibility of working from a long distance are excluded. Therefore, occupational therapists do not have so many chances to work online.

Depending on the preferences of both occupational therapists and their clients, here are some of the possible work environments for them:

  • Working from home, in which case occupational therapists determine their own working hours and their clients visit them according to their appointments
  • Working in an office, where clients can call an occupational therapist and make an appointment. An occupational therapist has fixed working hours because he or she finds it more suitable in this case.
  • Working in a healthcare facility – Some occupational therapist do decide to work in a state, official healthcare facility since they are more fond of such work environment and working conditions.
  • Visiting their clients – In some cases, occupational therapists need to visit their clients on regular basis, especially if they are treating a terminally ill patient.

How to Become an Occupational Therapist?

In such articles that bring certain working positions to light, we may by no means omit to explain how one can take the particular working position up. In other words, one of the aims of this article is to bring up what it takes to become a successful occupational therapist.

Since occupational therapy is a serious vocation that comes along with numerous responsibilities, it also requires having certain skills and gaining thorough knowledge. To determine whether you are appropriate for a future occupational therapist, first check whether you obtain these skills or not:

  • Sense of compassion
  • Empathy
  • Dedication
  • Being highly responsible
  • Communication skills
  • Patience

If one thinks one has the skills listed above, one may take a crack at occupational therapy as their future working position. One must bear in mind that occupational therapy is a highly versatile vocation. Therefore, one has to make sure to choose the type of occupational therapy one desires to dedicate their life and career to. Having made that decision, one may look into various education programs that will make them capable of becoming occupational therapists in the particular field they have chosen.

Education and Training for Occupational Therapists

We all know that proper education is one of the basic requirements whatever working position may be at stake. In addition, the majority of us are aware of the fact that educational system is traditionally divided into three types, which are:

  • Formal Education, related to university programs (Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD)
  • Non-formal Education, which includes various seminars and courses that one can visit to become a holder of certain certificates
  • Informal Education, which includes getting educated on one’s own by attending various online courses, seminars and simply gaining versatile knowledge without anyone’s assistance.

Formal Education

Formal education comes as the first type on the list and therefore we will get down to it before proceeding to the other ones. Formal education enables one to get various degrees in occupational therapy, starting from undergraduate major, which qualifies one for an occupational therapy assistant.

Undergraduate Major

In order to become occupational therapy assistant, one may attend a program in a certain school and get to the educational level of an undergraduate major. This kind of program includes a few disciplines, such as:

  • kinesiology
  • psychology
  • anthropology
  • biology
  • sociology

Bachelor Studies

In order to obtain the position of a fully qualified occupational therapist, one who decides to undergo a program of formal education will definitely need to attend bachelor studies after attaining the undergraduate level in this field. Therefore, in order for the readers interested in occupational therapy as their future working position, this article will bring up a list of top-ranked universities, formed by renowned organizations in the field:

  • Kaplan University
  • Virginia College
  • Lincoln Tech
  • Keiser University
  • Southern New Hampshire University
  • Grand Canyon University
  • Colorado Technical University

Master Studies

Bachelor studies’ programs require their candidate to be a high school graduate, or at least to have a GED, whereas master studies’ programs require finishing bachelor studies and having a Bachelor’s Degree in Occupational Therapy.


In order to start working as an accredited occupational therapist, one must obtain a license after having completed a formal educational program and having obtained a certain degree. Therefore, one must undergo a program of practice in the field and pass the exam created by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy.

Voluntary Certification

What is also crucial when it comes to starting a career in occupational therapy and becoming an accredited occupational therapist is that one of the requirements that future candidates for this working position must reach is completing the sufficient amount of fieldwork. Occupational therapist can pursue their specialty certifications from the American Occupational Therapy Association, and they may choose to engage in some among the numerous fields that are offered, such as:

  • gerontology
  • low vision
  • pediatrics
  • environmental modification
  • physical rehabilitation

We will repeat once again that occupational therapy is, by all means, a versatile vocation that may include working with children, patients who are terminally ill or disabled or it can mean engaging in work-related therapy. Therefore, one must decide on which of the fields one desires to get voluntary experience in according to the field of occupational therapy that they see as their future career option.

Online Education

We promised that this article would by no means cover only the programs connected to the formal education. Therefore, we will now get down to presenting certain online programs and informal courses that may as well prepare one for becoming a successful occupational therapist. Before we proceed to that topic, it is essential to point out that most of the universities mentioned in the list above offer both campus and online programs.

Here is the list of some short online courses offered by La Trobe Organization:

  • Occupational Therapy Short Course at La Trobe
  • Anatomy and Psychology Short Course
  • Psychology Short Course

Although one may conclude that not all of the courses listed above are directly related to occupational therapy, in particular, the fact is that all of the courses mentioned in the list above do offer certain contents that are highly required in the field of occupational therapy. Therefore, the programs offered by these courses and the knowledge that may be obtained appear quite useful to all the ones who perceive occupational therapy as their desirable future career.

Certification and Degree

One who desires to start one’s career in this area needs to obtain a degree in a certain level of education and to obtain a certificate, or in other words, a license that proves they have reached the sufficient amount of working hours in the field of occupational therapy.

That is because a person who wants to become an occupational therapist needs to be highly educated but also experienced in working in the field mentioned. Therefore, in order to inform the readers about degrees and certifications:

  • Undergraduate Degree in Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Occupational Therapy
  • Master’s Degree in Occupational Therapy
  • PhD in Occupational Therapy (doctoral level)
  • Occupational Therapist Registered Credential


Have you ever wondered how much do occupational therapists make? According to the results of the research conducted in May 2015 by the renowned US Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average annual salary of an occupational therapist appears to reach the amount of $80,150. According to the aforementioned research, the predicted job growth for this working position is 4%.

Job Outlook

Since we have concluded through this article that occupational therapy is an essential and a highly versatile vocation, we may also draw a conclusion that the job outlook for this position is promising and auspicious, as well as the opportunities for employment that the specialists in this field have. We have concluded that occupational therapists may work with various clients with different issues and therefore they have the best chances of finding their future workplace.

Similar Occupations

Some of the readers may ask themselves if there are any positions similar to the working position of an occupational therapist since we have not mentioned any of them in the article yet. Anyway, some vocations are definitely similar to the one of an occupational therapist. Most often, people tend to mistake occupational therapists with physical therapists. Thus, this occupation shares the greatest number of similarities with the vocation of occupational therapy.

How to Become an Industrial Designer?

The majority of us out here are quite familiar with the fact that industry, as well as a huge variety of industrial facilities, are all around us and they are everywhere to be seen. This is so, since industry is one of the fields of human activity that measures constant and increasing growth since its well-known and great outburst, which traces back to the nineteenth century and the period that we nowadays know and recognize as the very beginning of the contemporary world, the one we know and live among right now. Therefore, industry is indisputably a field to which all of us need to pay utmost attention – all of us out there should at least get the basic information about the world of industry, which, and we will all agree on that, literally makes our world go around.

What is This Working Position about?

Thus, many people engaged in various working positions are dedicated to striving to make the growth of industry increase for even a greater deal and they also strive to help industry set the  path to its further development. Some of the working positions that should be connected to industry are design and architecture. However, if we would like to break these versatile vocations down into more strictly specialized disciplines, we may easily conclude that a discipline known as the industrial design will definitely pop up in such an analysis. Therefore, that is exactly what this article will be about. The aim of this article is to help the ones who desire to dedicate their lives and careers to working in the field of industrial design, but it also aims to give interesting pieces of information to the ones who are simply interested in getting to know the field of industrial design better.

Essential Vocation

We have already mentioned in the introduction to this article that industry is the field of human activity that appears to be the foundation of the contemporary world as a whole and it does not cease to measure constant growth and development.

In order for the industry to go for such a rapid development, many requirements should be reached. First of all, the ones who work in the versatile field of industry must be provided with sufficient working conditions as well as with the facilities that will have all the properties needed for completing their work successfully. Besides, in order for the industry to keep developing, it is essential to work on the development of technology and the mass production of technological devices.

That is the point at which industrial designers take over the stage and perform their magic. Hence, a working position of an industrial designer really sets serious requirements in front of the ones who desire to get engaged in it. This is a working position that comes along with a great number of responsibilities. In addition to that, in an ever-growing field of industry, with industrial facilities popping up from everywhere, employing a huge number of industrial designers is a must. Therefore, this working position, which many of us have not even heard of and thus it is underestimated, is essential.

An Often Mistaken Vocation

Before we proceed to the rest of the article and reveal the secrets of the working position of an industrial designer, it is mostly important to point out that this working position should by no means be mistaken with some other vocations that are quite similar, but definitely not the same. For example, the first vocation that many of us tend to mistake with industrial design is interior design. Although these two positions have much in common, there are also sharp differences between them. Here is a list that presents some of those differences:

  • Industrial designers have more responsibilities than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay more attention to the safety and utilizing components of a facility or a product than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay less attention to aesthetics, and more attention to the safety and usefulness than interior designers
  • Industrial designers must be highly informed about technology and be up to date on that field and they also need to obtain computing skills.

In addition to that, industrial designers should be more familiar with the field of industry, whereas interior designers are supposed to be mostly familiar with art and even human studies, in order to be able to communicate and negotiate with their clients and in order to reach their expectations.

Now that we have covered these differences, we may proceed to the next part of the article that will reveal some more specific facts about industrial design in particular.

What Do Industrial Designers Do?

From the very name of the vocation, it is obvious that this working position is tightly bonded with the world of industry, which we pointed out is constantly developing and growing. Since technology is one of the areas that appears to measure constant development, the ones engaged in industry often resort to dedicating their work to producing technological devices. That is the point at which industrial designers, who this article is about, are inevitable.

The main task of industrial designers is to create and design mass produced goods, such as various vehicles and various devices, for example, television, computers and a broad range of all the other gadgets and devices one may think of. Therefore, they need to be highly educated and they are supposed to be familiar not only with the field of design but with the fields of industry and technology, as well. Besides, they need to pay utmost attention to creating such a product that will be safe to use and that will be utilizing for the customers it is offered to. Thus, being an industrial designer is a highly responsible vocation and it requires thorough education, as well as a lot of practice and training.

Work Environment

It has already been mentioned in this article that the vocation of a designer is quite versatile itself and therefore there is a number of specialized vocations derived from it that are similar to each other and often mistaken one for the other, such as graphic design, interior design and industrial design. However, one of the things they definitely have in common is the fact that all of them, in most cases, can be performed in almost the same types of work environment.

Therefore, here is a list of certain places or venues where an industrial designer may get down to work:

  • Co-working space (offers a great opportunity for cooperation in the similar fields)
  • An office
  • An industrial facility
  • Manufacturing industrial firms
  • Working online from home/a cafe on internet websites and platforms such as: Upwork , Freelancer

How to Become a Successful Industrial Designer?

We hope that this article has grasped your interests so far and that we are now having your attention as well since the following paragraph will be dedicated especially to the ones who maybe desire to get engaged in industrial design or the ones who have at least considered it as their possible future occupation. Therefore, here are some of the requirements in the field of industrial design.

  • Get properly educated.

What is essential regarding almost any of work occupations, especially the ones that bring as many responsibilities as it is the case with industrial design, one must finish an education program in the field. One may choose a formal educational one or an informal educational one and one must thus obtain a certain degree or certificate in order to get only the basic qualifications for the job at stake.

  • Gain broad knowledge and be eager to broaden it even more.

Once one has got one’s Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in the field of industrial design, one’s education is by no means over at that point. A person engaged in the field of industrial design should be aware of the fact how versatile that field is and how broad knowledge in various other fields it requires. Therefore, those industrial designers must be constantly eager to broaden their knowledge and to be familiar with similar fields, such as graphic design. They also need to be well informed about technology and new technological breakthroughs and demands.

  • Be up to date with your field.

Many working positions require the one engaged in them to be up to date on all the news regarding that field. Moreover, since the field of industry and the field of technology, which is tightly bonded with it, are measuring constant development and increased growth, the ones engaged in industrial design must always be up to date with the latest news in these fields. Furthermore, they must apply all the new breakthroughs in their work, as well.

  • Practice makes perfect.

The aforementioned phrase is by no means a cliché, especially when it comes to certain working positions, such as the working position of an industrial designer. When a person has successfully completed an education program and got a degree or certificate, that person should definitely not stop perfecting their skills. Therefore, all the ones who aim for successful careers in the field of industrial design should start with less demanding beginner’s assignments that will provide them with the opportunity to practice and hone their skills before going big and aiming for the most complex tasks and positions.

  • Cooperation is an option for winners.

If you want to be considered successful in the field of industrial design, you should definitely follow the strategy of the real winners in this field and try to learn from them. In other words, the best way to set a path for your own successful career and to open new opportunities for yourself is to cooperate with the ones who work in your field and the ones dedicated to similar work occupations. In order to make their business boom and to gain more opportunities, all industrial designers should resort to cooperating with technology engineers as well as with graphic designers. Therefore, they will always receive fresh and new ideas and they will also view their working tasks from a different angle, which will help them think outside the box and dedicate to their tasks more thoroughly.

In addition to taking up these pieces of advice, someone who is engaged in the field of industrial design and aims to become successful in the field must have certain skills, such as:

  • Creativity
  • Resourcefulness
  • Ability to come up with solutions and ideas quickly
  • Knowledge in computing and informatics
  • Knowledge in industry as well as design
  • Willingness to cooperate with the colleagues from the same field and similar fields

Nevertheless, having gone through all these facts that show how different industrial design is from interior design, industrial designers may always reap the benefits of using their opportunity to cooperate with their colleagues from similar fields, architects, graphic designers and interior designers in the first place.

Education and Training for a Successful Industrial Designer

In order to be able to take up a certain profession, one must usually go through a program of education first. The same definitely applies to the working position of an industrial designer as well. If one desires to become an industrial designer, one must complete a certain educational program. It is up to every person to decide whether it will be a formal education program or they will resort to informal education since one may become an industrial designer without attending a university that has this program among their curriculum. Therefore, in order to reach the expectations and inform all the ones interested in industrial design, this article will bring up both the opportunities in formal and informal education when it comes to the field mentioned.

The importance of education for industrial designers is obvious from the fact that a highly renowned society dedicated to this field, Industrial Designers Society of America, pays utmost attention to education in particular. The mission to increase the efficiency of education is the key component of their Strategic Plan.

ID Schools

There is a list of industrial design schools made by Industrial Designers Society of America and it includes schools and university programs that have an IDSA Student Chapter and that are also accredited by National Association of Schools of Art and Design. Those schools have been given the accreditation because they provide their students with an efficient education that will enable them to gain the proper knowledge and practice in the field of industrial design.

Therefore, here is the list of those university programs for future industrial designers that were top ranked by IDSA:

  • Alabama: Auburn University
  • Arizona: Arizona State University
  • California:
  • Academy of Art at the University
  • Art Centre College of Design
  • Art Institute of Orange Country
  • California College of the Arts
  • Otis College of Art and Design, California State University – Long Beach
  • San Francisco State University
  • San Hose State University
  • Colorado:
  • Art Institute of Colorado
  • Metropolitan State University of Denver
  • Connecticut: University of Bridgeport’s Shintaro Akatsu School of Design
  • Florida: An Institute of Fort Lauderdale
  • Georgia:
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Savannah College of Art and Design
  • Illinois:
  • Southern Illinois University
  • The School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • University of Illinois-Chicago
  • University of Illinois Urbana-Campaign
  • Indiana:
  • Purdue University
  • University of Notre Dame
  • Iowa: Iowa State University
  • Kansas:
  • University of Kansas
  • Kansas State University
  • Louisiana: University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • Massachusetts:
  • Massachusetts College of Art and Design
  • Wentworth Institute of Technology
  • Michigan:
  • College of Creative Studies
  • Kendall College of Art and Design
  • Northern Michigan University, University of Michigan
  • Wayne State University
  • New Jersey:
  • Kean University
  • Montclair State University
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology
  • New York:
  • Parsons the New School of Design
  • Pratt Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • School of Visual Arts
  • Syracuse University
  • North Carolina:
  • Appalachian State University
  • NC State University – College of Design
  • Ohio:
  • Cleveland Institute of Art
  • Ohio State University
  • Oregon:
  • Art Institute of Portland
  • University of Oregon
  • Pennsylvania:
  • Art Institute of Pittsburg
  • Carnegie-Mellon University
  • Integrated Innovation Institute
  • Drexel University
  • Philadelphia University
  • Rhode Island: Rhode Island School of Design
  • Texas: University of Houston
  • Utah: Brigham Young University
  • Virginia:
  • James Madison University
  • Virginia Tech
  • Washington:
  • Art Institute of Seattle, University of Washington
  • Western Washington University
  • Wisconsin: Milwaukee Institute for Art and Design

Is your head already spinning from the number of universities that have the best industrial design programs among their curriculum? Since education matters, the whole list made by IDSA was included in this article.

Bachelor and Master Studies

One who wants to get engaged in the field of industrial design must strive to obtain a broad and thorough education, as it has been previously mentioned in this article. Therefore, this article provides the readers with the pieces of information about the huge number of the opportunities and recommended programs to choose from, which can be seen in the list above. When it comes to the degree, most of the aforementioned programs offer both Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree, and some of them offer a PhD degree as well.

Practical Work and Career Development

After completing any of the education programs mentioned or completing an online course in industrial design successfully, one must go for further development, in order to perfect one’s skills and obtain some practical experience, which is essential no matter what working position may be at stake. Therefore, this article will present you an interesting and extraordinary opportunity to combine industrial design and healthcare. Since industrial designers work on various applications and devices, sometimes they may get a task to work on a certain healthcare digital device. Thus, if any of you out there who are engaged in industrial design are interested in combining it with healthcare, honing your skills and contributing to medicine all at the same time, you may be interested in attending webinars and courses or taking up practical apprenticeship programs sponsored by the widely renowned Philips company.

Certification and Degree

When it comes to the degrees that can be obtained in the system of formal education, here are the ones that can be acquired after having successfully completed some of the programs at the universities from the list given above:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Products Design
  • Master’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • PhD in Industrial Design

If one does not have a degree or a valid certificate in the field of industrial design, one may still have a chance to become an industrial designer regardless. But, one must be ready to engage in non-paid internship first in order to show one’s skills to the client and convince them one is capable of working and reaching the requirements.


According to the results of the research conducted in the year 2015 by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, average annual salary of an industrial designer reaches the amount of $ 69,820, whereas the predicted job growth was marked with 2%.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook of an industrial designer, since this is a versatile vocation, they have various opportunities in front of themselves they can choose from when starting their career. For example, the most common occupation of an industrial designer is to work in certain manufacturing firms. In addition to that, they can cooperate with business persons engaged in the fields of industry and technology, since the main task of every industrial designer is to design mass produce goods, various vehicles and devices. When it comes to devices, industrial designers may also wish to combine their working position with healthcare and to produce medical devices for the companies such as Philips.

It is important to point out that there are numerous occupations similar to industrial design, such as interior design, graphic design and architecture, so they can always become a part of a multi-professional co-working space.

Similar Occupations

It is widely known and commonly accepted that the field of design is quite broad and versatile and that the field is strongly related to the one of architecture, as well. Therefore, when it comes to the working position of an industrial designer, in particular, it is obvious that this position is connected to various other positions, such as interior design, interior architecture, or even graphic design. Thus, industrial designers have many opportunities for cooperation with their colleagues from similar vocations, but they also tend to have their working position mistaken with the similar ones, especially with interior design. Therefore, we will mark the difference of the main preoccupations and tasks of an industrial designer and confront it to the ones of an interior designer:

Industrial designer

  • deals with design aspects of mass produced goods
  • they design vehicles, computers and a variety of other gadgets and devices

Interior designer

  • deals with designing homes and offices
  • pays more attention to aesthetics than to the function of the product

Hopefuly, this article will appear interesting and helpful to both the ones engaged in the working position of industrial design and the ones simply interested in this occupation.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

It is widely known and commonly accepted that all of us are fond of finding ourselves in comfortable surroundings, whether it is referred to a venue, a room or a building as a whole, since all of us tend to feel more comfortable and thus more productive when we find ourselves in the surroundings that come up to our needs and preferences. Therefore, when one finds oneself in such a pleasant venue, one’s mood immediately tends to improve as well and thus they become more friendly and capable of both doing their regular daily tasks and taking up various activities. And, have any of you, readers out there, ever wondered who we should thank for providing us with cozy and snug surrounding that we feel comfortable in and also for providing us with facilities specialized for performing certain activities in them?

Whom Should We Thank for Pleasant Indoor Surroundings?

The answer is – interior designers! Anyone who came up with that very answer would be correct, because, when it comes to the working position of an interior designer, they are the ones who all of us should be grateful to for providing us with venues that satisfy our needs and reach our expectations. Therefore, this article dedicates mostly to the lovely working position of an interior designer, with an aim to reveal what that working position exactly entails.

Besides, there might be some among the readers out there who possibly have a desire to give a chance to the career this article is about. Maybe some of them are already interested in becoming true and professional interior designers, who should be widely admired. Therefore, this article will, hopefully, not only be interesting, but it will also appear helpful to the ones who see themselves as interior designers in nearer or further future. So, let us get down to revealing the secrets of the beautiful vocation of an interior designer!

Essential Vocation

First of all, let us get one thing straight. We are all quite familiar with the fact that our very civilization would by no means be able to function if it was not for indoor surroundings of any kind, whether those are various venues, facilities specialized for a certain purpose, private family houses, or buildings with private flats or public places and facilities such as schools, hospitals, etc. Besides, it has already been mentioned in this article that people tend to feel more comfortable and thus appear more productive provided that they have found themselves in comfortable indoors surroundings. What is also essential, especially when it comes to certain specialized facilities where people work, it is important that these facilities offer them the possibility to be surrounded by the tools of their trade, or in other words, to offer them the possibility to easily access anything they might need for completing their work and reaching the requirements set for them.

Therefore, someone has to provide such a huge variety of facilities with all the utensils required and to make them comfortable as well. And that is the point at which we need to call for a professional and a creative interior designer. Therefore, interior designers are essential when it comes to organizing any residential structure, room or venue and thus they should be widely admired.

Ubiquitous Vocation

We have already determined what the basic responsibility of any interior designer is, which is to create an indoor space in the way that it will be both comfortable and useful for the ones who spend their time there, whether they live there, work, or spend their leisure time in a certain facility. Besides, indoor surroundings tend to pop up from everywhere, isn’t that so? Well, it is obvious that we are surrounded by various buildings and residential structures, whether we live in a rural or an urban area. Therefore, various buildings are something that is more than ubiquitous in our very world and all of us would agree on that. Thus, all of those structures have their indoor space that will be used for a certain purpose and they must have that indoor space planned by someone. Those who will organize the indoors of various facilities are interior designers. And, since the buildings they work on are ubiquitous, the working position of an interior designer is ubiquitous as well, since they are needed everywhere along with their creativity and ideas.

What Do Interior Designers Do?

Some of the perks of being an interior designer by vocation have already been mentioned in this article, such as the fact that their work is essential and their working environment ubiquitous. Nevertheless, apart from numerous perks, the working position of an interior designer brings various responsibilities along as well. Besides, this working position also requires attaining and honing various skills and having numerous qualities apart from being extremely creative and able to come up with different solutions quickly when it comes to organizing a certain indoor space. To cut the long story short, we will now get down to explaining what the desirable working position of an interior designer exactly entails.

Here is the list of the basic responsibilities and tasks that are set for any interior designer:

  • They need to design a space that will reach the requirements of its occupants, people who live, work, or spend their leisure time there
  • They need to combine various aspects, such as light, color, texture, various materials in order to provide their clients with the most pleasant and useful indoor space
  • Interior designers must always pay attention to the aesthetics, but also to the safety of the space they are creating and the fact that it should be utilizing
  • The work of a professional and highly skillful designer can boost office productivity, increase sales and even attract a more affluent clientele when it comes to designing a certain business indoor space. Therefore, professional, creative and resourceful designers are highly admired and well paid. Ambitious business persons are always on the market for such skillful interior designers and therefore this career is quite fruitful and offers many opportunities.

Before we proceed to the next part of this article, it is important to point out that there is a wide gap between interior designers and interior decorators and these two should not be mistaken one for the other since being an interior designer is a much more responsible vocation that entails more tasks, which will be thoroughly explained further in the article.

Working Environment of an Interior Designer

It has already been mentioned in this article that interior designers are essential when it comes to putting any facility or any residential structure in function, which makes their working position inevitable and ubiquitous. In addition to that, the work of a talented and skillful interior designer can consequentially lead the business of the person who works in the facility they designed towards improvement. However, since we have already come clear with what interior designers can work on, the next question that may pop up is where they find their work environment.

The fact is that a load of working positions has been spilling into the virtual world nowadays. Since almost all of us in the contemporary society are digital natives, all of us resort to using technology a lot when it comes to our education or private life. The same applies to work. When it comes to working environment, many interior designers desire to cooperate with their foreign colleagues, and therefore they work online a lot. Besides, a huge number of interior designers choose to become freelancers and work on various online platforms of websites.

To cut the long story short, we will now create a list of the places where interior designers can work:

    • Office or co-working space
    • Working in a certain business facility/ for a certain company
    • Working from home, or where ever there is Wi-Fi
    • Working as a freelancer on an internet website of platform such as: Upwork, Elance, Freelancer.

Since technology provides interior designers with a possibility to prepare photorealistic 3-D renderings and finish their projects without a direct contact with a customer, many of them decide to work as freelancers and complete their tasks online. Therefore, they can save their time since they are provided with a possibility to work from home.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

Since this article reveals the nature of the working position of an interior designer and it also brings up the advantages of this job, it would be essential to point out how it is possible to become capable of taking this working position up, or in other words, what it takes to become a successful interior designer.

Therefore, we will create a list that will contain pieces of advice and various hacks aimed at the ones who desire to become interior designers and the ones who are simply interested in getting to know more about this working position:

      • Understand that this working position is versatile and be aware of your responsibilities.

It has already been mentioned in this article that being an interior decorator is not nearly the same as being an interior designer. That is because the job of an interior designer is much more versatile and it entails a broader range of tasks. Interior designers are not only expected to come up with creative ideas regarding the aesthetics of an indoors space, but also to provide its future occupants with safety and the sufficient working conditions. Therefore, every interior designer must be aware of his or her responsibilities.

      • You must follow your passion in order to succeed.

What every interior designer needs to know is the fact that their working position is not all down to striving for success no matter what and being mostly responsible. It is actually the other way around – since the working position of an interior designer is itself quite artistic, interior designers ought to have a sense of aesthetics and to be dedicated to art and to their work. To put it simply, an interior designer who is aiming for success must be passionate about his or her work. Therefore, passion is one of the crucial things for a successful future career in this area.

      • You will have to accept and embrace the dull part of the work as well.

One of the facts that all of us tend to omit from time to time is that no working position comes only with pleasant activities and tasks that one is supposed to express one’s creativity, skills and resourcefulness through. Therefore, every career has its ups and downs as well as every working position brings some boring details and tasks along. But, to be able to proceed to the fun part, everyone must face up to those boring tasks firstly. When it comes to interior designers in particular, apart from having fun while working with fabric, colors and combining different textures in order to create a true miracle, they also need to be educated in:

      • the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.
      • Be the Jack-Of-All-Trades!

To sum the previous paragraph of the article up, a professional interior designer is expected to hone a huge variety of versatile skills and to gain broad knowledge in various fields, not only in the field of art and design. This is because an interior designer will not appear as the owner of the indoor space he or she designs, and therefore they need to be well informed about people and their preferences, and to be informed about what they can offer and what the best solution can be. In addition to that, interior designers are expected to be Jacks-of-all-trades since they will inevitably have to cooperate with people from similar areas who also work on creating structural objects, such as architects or builders, and they will also need to collaborate with the potential future occupants of the facility such as business owners or government agencies.

      • Be up to date with the news and the new techniques and trends in the field of interior design.

We are all familiar with the fact that none of us humans is flawless, and the same may definitely apply to interior designers as well. They also have their ups and downs and we all know that, no matter how creative an interior designer might be, all of them can encounter a certain period with the lack of ideas. Therefore, in order to be able to get back in the game and obtain new and fresh ideas, it is mostly important for an interior designer to always be up to date with the news in their field. Thus, one of the best pieces of advice regarding this topic is to recommend an interior designer to read publications and follow websites such as Freshhome (, where they can find new ideas and loads of information from their area.

Since we have listed all these pieces of advice that we hope will appear helpful to all the ones out there who might have considered to take up interior design as their future working position, let us now proceed to create a list of basic skills that an interior designer needs to have:

      • Sense of aesthetics
      • Creativity
      • Resourcefulness
      • Willingness for cooperation
      • Communication skills (believe it or not)
      • Negotiation skills
      • A highly developed portfolio
      • Being ambitious as well as competitive
      • Broad education in various fields : the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.

When it comes to education, it is important to mention that gaining knowledge in various fields is a must for every interior designer who hopes for a successful future career. Therefore, the following part of this article will focus on that topic regarding interior design.

What Does It Take to Getting Properly Educated as an Interior Designer?

The ones who are reading this article have already been informed about the fact that being an interior designer is a highly responsible and demanding working position that requires gaining broad and thorough knowledge in a variety of different fields. The next question that may arise after getting to know this fact is where a person interested in interior design may obtain such knowledge, what formal education programs are offered for interior designers at schools, colleges or universities. Besides, one may ask oneself whether proper education in the field of interior design can be gained through attending various online courses or not and which courses seem to be the best.

Bachelor Studies

When it comes to such responsible working positions such as interior design, the majority of the ones interested in it still do prefer to attend a certain university or a formal educational program rather than to finish an online course. Therefore, here is the list of the best schools for interior design in the United States:

      • New York School of Interior Design; The greatest advantage: it takes most of the students only six months to obtain their degree
      • Parsons The New School for Design; The greatest advantage: the program focuses on commercial design and collaborative work
      • Pratt Institute; The greatest advantage: 93% of the students get a job assignment right after graduation
      • Rhode Island School of Design, has high rankings on the list by Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub
      • Savannah College of Art and Design; The greatest advantage – offers the opportunity to get in touch with and get informed about the other artistic programs and fields
      • Fashion Institute of Technology

This was the list of institutes, schools and colleges in the United States that offer programs in interior design among their curriculum, which have been ranked the highest by the renowned organizations investigating this field, Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub.

This article by no means tends to avoid the bachelor programs offered at the universities in the United States. So, here is the list of those universities as well:

      • Cornell University
      • Drexel University
      • Syracuse University
      • University of Cincinnati – School of Architecture and Interior Design

Master Studies

When it comes to the formal education in the fields that are demanding such as the field of interior design, at a certain point of one’s career, one may come to the conclusion that one needs further education in the field. Therefore, the best solution is to go for a master’s degree. Thus, the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees will be created further in the article.

Online Courses

For the ones out there who would prefer to attend an online course in interior design rather than to enroll in a university that has this program in the curriculum, here is the auspicious news: there is a huge variety of online courses and learning materials that are available for free. In order to assist you in choosing the one most suitable for you, here is the list of the ones with the highest rank:

      • Autodesk Homestyler
      • Decorating Studio
      • Home and Garden Television (Design 101)
      • Principles of Design and Daylighting offered by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
      • Open University
      • Sweet Home 3-D
      • Utah Education Network

Certification and Degree

Various certificates in interior design can be obtained after attending one of the online courses listed above. Furthermore, if someone finishes one of the bachelor programs at the aforementioned universities and schools, one may get Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design. In addition to that, here is the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees in interior design:

      • Master (MA) Environment Design
      • Specialization Course – Territorial Mosaic
      • Master of Interior Architecture
      • Master in Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design and Technology
      • Master in Home Luxury Collection Design.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook for interior designers, it has already been mentioned in this article how this working position is essential when it comes to creating any kind of residential structure and any kind of indoor space and that it is quite ubiquitous and versatile. Therefore, interior designers may work on a variety of facilities, for example, they can engage in industrial design if they prefer to, or they can choose to design private single houses of flats as well as business facilities.


According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), an average annual salary of an interior designer appears to reach $48,840, whereas the expected job growth for this working position, according to the same research, is 4%.

Similar Occupations

We have already pointed out that one of the reasons why interior designers are supposed to gain such broad knowledge in various fields is that they are supposed to cooperate with various people who appear to be engaged in the occupations quite similar to the one of an interior designer. So, here is the list of those similar occupations:

      • Interior Decorator
      • Architect
      • Interior Architect
      • Industrial Designer
      • 3-D Designer

Hopefully, this article will appear helpful for all the readers out there who are interested in what it takes to become an interior designer.

Becoming a successful Phlebotomist!

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Are you planning on becoming a phlebotomist? Look no further as you have reached the right place. Becoming a phlebotomist in the present day can be nothing but rewarding for you. Phlebotomy is a fast developing and promising field in the medical sector. Phlebotomy is the practice of making a small incision or a cut in the vein so as to draw blood from the artery, vein or other organs or to inject any other fluid. This is a job that requires a lot of skill and precision. It is high paying and provides the worker with a great load of job satisfaction as well.[/color-box]

What does a phlebotomy technician do?

Blood-DrawIf you’ve ever wondered about what phlebotomist technician does, the answer might not be interesting to everyone, especially those who have phobias regarding blood and needles. Phlebotomy technicians draw blood for various tests, transfusions, research or blood donations. Their primary job is to draw high quality samples of patient’s blood, label the blood samples, talk to patients to make sure the procedure is thoroughly explained and the patient feels comfortable. Phlebotomy technicians also assemble and maintain equipment needed for drawing blood, such as needles, tubes and blood vials. Once they explain the procedure to the patient and make him feel comfortable and less stressful, phlebotomy technician then draws samples of blood which after properly labeled, stores accordingly and enters the information in the database.

In order to avoid infections or other health complications, it is phlebotomist’s job to maintain the environment clean and sanitary. Because they work directly with patients, phlebotomy technicians must possess good communication skills and work well under pressure. Patients often become stressful and fearful due to the nature of procedure, which means phlebotomists have to know how to calm down patients in order to complete the procedure properly.

Work environment

Phlebotomy technicians work in hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers and physician’s offices. Sometimes, in order to collect blood samples from patients that are homebound, phlebotomists travel to different locations. Because some large hospitals or independent laboratories work around the clock, most phlebotomists work full time in daytime, evening and in night shifts, often during weekends and holidays as well. In smaller labs, they may work in shifts. Phlebotomists draw blood from patients for lab testing, either to determine the type of illness a person has or as a routine check of the health problems a patient has, such as cholesterol or diabetes.

They work in a laboratory setting most of the day examining blood samples to collect information a doctor requires. Even though it’s not always necessary for a phlebotomist to check the blood samples, it is obligatory to enter the data in the computer or patient’s medical chart if needed. It is important to treat every patient as if he/she is contagious which requires mandatory use of gloves and mask. Patients vary from those who are old to the youngest ones, which requires phlebotomist’s great skills of communication to make patient feel safe and comfortable.

How to become phlebotomy technician?

how_iconMost of the occupations connected to the health care demand years of practice and studying in a school program setting. However, phlebotomy requires much less time to become certified phlebotomy technician. The initial requirement to start phlebotomy training is a high school diploma or its equivalent (GED). After finishing high school, training programs for aspiring phlebotomy technicians are often offered in community colleges. Any phlebotomist acquires necessary knowledge through working experience in approved training program, which leads to certification or licensing. After a student chooses school, it will usually include these training programs along with classroom work. The selected programs connect classroom lessons with laboratory work.

Some of the courses a phlebotomist-to-be will encounter during training program include basic anatomy, biology, medical terminology and physiology. In addition to these courses, other courses connected to health related subjects are a great start to becoming a good phlebotomy technician. Most of them start with nothing but a high school diploma and earn their experience on-the-job.

Preparation and good grades in high school are the best introduction to becoming a phlebotomist. Paying attention to your grades in chemistry and biology during high school study may bring you advantage later on when applying for a phlebotomy occupation. Once you’re done with high school and you got your diploma (or GED), you can start looking for the best training program in the nearest school. This coursework usually lasts for less than a year and provides you with valuable knowledge you have to possess in order to become a phlebotomy technician.

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During training program, you will learn basics of phlebotomy, which includes:

  • drawing blood in various ways (from different parts of body)
  • using different techniques and equipment (butterfly needle, capillary piercing, finger-stick)
  • basic lab safety
  • blood sampling procedures
  • study of blood and cell composition


After completion of a training program, you may consider becoming certified. Getting a certificate brings you more job opportunities because many employers seek phlebotomists with some kind of certification, even though it’s not mandatory to possess one. In addition, earning various certificates only widens the range of duties you would have as a phlebotomist, therefore increasing your chances of pay raise as well.  There are a few certifications you can earn in phlebotomy occupation: Phlebotomy technician, Certified phlebotomy technician, Registered phlebotomy technician and National certified phlebotomy technician. Basic requirements for earning a certificate is a high school diploma or its equivalent, 20 hours of basic phlebotomy classes and certificate of completion from the phlebotomy training program. Once you get certified, you can start searching for the job, or if you already work as a phlebotomist, earn better salary. So, you can either earn a certificate by enrolling in a training program or working as a phlebotomist for 6 months or more. Either way, certificate will get you better job opportunities and better chances of getting hired, not to mention more gained experience and polished skills and qualities. If you’re not afraid of blood and needles, this occupation might suit you best!

Training programs

icon175x175All future phlebotomy technicians must obtain a certificate of completion of approved training program. There are many community colleges and technical schools around the US offering high quality phlebotomy training programs. To be allowed to enroll in one such training program, one must submit a high school diploma or its equivalent (GED), medical records which must be up-to-date and in some cases and states, clear police records as well. Also, minimum age of attendance is 18 years old. Although some phlebotomy technicians usually pass the training part on-the-job, most of the times it is required to finish some kind of eligible training program in order to pursue licensing or certification. Each state has different requirements of education, but many demand training programs to be able to begin a phlebotomist career. Before enrolling in a training program, it is recommended that you inform yourself of the school’s program and its accreditation. Gather information about the courses, timeline, length and tuition fees before deciding where to enroll. Consider choosing those programs who provide hands-on training and are accredited by American Society for Clinical Pathology, American Certification Agency, National Center for Competency Testing or the American Medical Technologists.

Once you decide in which school you will enroll in a training program, your phlebotomist career is soon to begin.

Training programs vary in length, so there are some that can last only for a few weeks and those that can take up to one year to complete. Most courses cover main subject connected to phlebotomy and anatomy in general. Some of them include:

  • Theory of phlebotomy – the basic knowledge you will gain through this course is to learn everything about the phlebotomy. From history of “bloodletting” to learning about common practices of drawing blood.This course covers techniques of drawing blood, different ways of blood sampling, use of proper equipment and managing transportation, processing, data entry and infection control.
  • Anatomy and physiology – through this course, students obtain basic knowledge about human body and systems. Students learn about anatomy with detailed lessons that cover cardiovascular anatomy, physiology of nervous, musculoskeletal and circulatory systems. Blood and cell composition, venipuncture, laboratory safety skills and CPR are also part of this course.
  • Medical terminology – all future phlebotomy technicians are opt to know how to use medical terminology. It is important to be able to exchange information between yourself and other member of healthcare team. Recognizing prefixes, root words and suffixes, spelling and proper pronunciation is obligatory knowledge future phlebotomist should have to possess.
  • Practicum – in the practical courses, students learn how to draw blood, practice specimen collection and handle blood samples and medical records. Everything a student learned in theory classes will be transferred in real-life scenarios. Practicum courses may be taken at campus-site, in a Medical Center or at off-site laboratories.

During training program, you will learn about handling emergency situations, taking proper steps in avoiding possibility of contamination, avoiding infection and proper laboratory procedures. You will learn about maintaining equipment and ensuring that environment in which you will work, stays clean and sanitary.

Certification and licensing

Once you finish your training program for phlebotomy technician, you will gain a certificate of completion. You will gain experience and knowledge required to begin working as a phlebotomist. Furthermore, you can pursue some kind of certification, which will provide you more job opportunities and better starting salary as well. Through certification, you will confirm and improve the knowledge you gained through a training program. You will be questioned and required to pass various tests and exams in order to gain a certificate. To be able to enroll in a certificate program, certain qualifications must be met.

American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians requires that one must have either :

  • one full year of part-time work as a phlebotomist,
  • 6 months of full-time work as a phlebotomist,

-successful completion of an accredited training program (must have at least 100 documented successful venipunctures and 5 documented skin punctures) and a current ASPT membership.

American Society of Clinical Pathology offers a few possible ways on how to become certified phlebotomy technician with high school diploma and:

  • completion of a NAACLS approved phlebotomy program within the last five years
  • completion of an acceptable two-part formal structured phlebotomy program in the U.S. which includes 40 clock hours of classroom training, 100 hours of clinical training and performance of 100 successful blood collections
  • one year full-time work experience as a phlebotomy technician in an accredited laboratory
  • completion of RN, LPN or other acceptable accredited allied health occupational education with additional 100 successful blood collections
  • Medical Technician or Medical Laboratory Scientist certification
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy certification with additional 100 successful blood collection

Most of phlebotomy training programs and certification programs require some hands-on training in order to successfully complete given exams. There are some online programs that are accredited for gaining a certificate, but do not offer real-life courses, which are necessary for students to learn how to draw blood and collect high quality blood samples. Online courses are helpful in theoretical sense, but any student that enrolls in such online training programs needs to make sure he/she can find eligible laboratories, hospitals or physician offices to complete the required amount of working hours on field.

Clinical subjects provide studying of human anatomy, physiology and medical terminology which are among the top required ones, and administrative subjects usually cover communication skills and abilities to explain and prepare a patient for the whole procedure. Many community colleges offer great high quality certification training programs that include all major components and subject that are required to become professional phlebotomy technician.

Nearly all courses include:

  • correct identification of a patient prior to collecting blood samples,
  • collection of the right amount of blood with venipuncture or skin puncture,
  • selection of the appropriate vials,
  • correct labeling of blood samples,
  • transportation of specimens to the laboratory,
  • appropriate communication with patients and interaction with other healthcare workers and
  • proper data entry into the computer.

So, once you finish a training program, start looking for a school, college or online programs that offer accredited certification courses. It is good to know that phlebotomy certification requires hands-on experience, so try to find the certification program that provides real-life clinical courses along with the theoretical classes. When you pick your best option, it’s important to know and gather all the necessary documentation that is required in order to begin certification program. Once you begin this short-term training and pass the final exam, you will gain phlebotomy technician certificate. This certificate allows you to pursue your phlebotomist career with better chances of getting the job, since many employers favorize aspiring phlebotomy technicians who possess some kind of a certificate or license. Even though it’s not necessary to be certified in most states, consider your certificate a major plus in job seeking because it greatly improves your job curriculum. There are many aspiring phlebotomy technicians who are looking to begin their career in this occupation and the competition is strong. Every employer would like to hire a professional with great work experience and knowledge and what gives them better proof of a high quality phlebotomy technician than the one with successfully finished training program and an accredited certificate?



According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median pay for 2015 was around $15,21 per hour, $31,630 per year. The highest 10% earned roughly more than $45,190, while the lowest 10% earned less than $22,850. Number of phlebotomy technician jobs in 2014 was 112,700. reports the median hourly wage varies from $10,09 – $17,89.

Of course, just like in many other jobs, there are some major factors which influence your salary as a phlebotomy technician and those are:

  • Location – this is one of the most important factors regarding the salary. Even though inside any state there are some minor differences between salary numbers, differences between states are more than obvious. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that top paying states for phlebotomy technicians are District of Columbia with hourly mean wage of $19,41, California with hourly mean wage of $18,73, Massachusetts with hourly mean wage of $18,39 and New York with the wage of $18,32 per hour. Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation are all within the state of California, and those include Redding, Vallejo-Fairfield, Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura nad Stockton-Lodi. All report the annual wage between $43,300 – $47,040. States with the highest employment level are California, Texas, Florida, New York and Illinois.
  • Experience – one more factor that influences the salary range is the amount of experience you gained as a phlebotomy technician. Those who are beginning their phlebotomy career are among the lowest paid employees. Entry-level phlebotomy technicians with the work experience up to 5 years earn roughly $26,000 per year, phlebotomy technicians with 5-10 years of experience earn $30,000, phlebotomist with 10-20 years of experience earn about $32,000 and the phlebotomists with more than 20 years of work experience report around $35,000 a year. So,entry-level phlebotomists begin with the hourly wage of $9,75 – $16,04 and the ones in their late career earn about $12,32 – $20,05 per hour.
  • Type of Employer – your salary will greatly depend on the type of employer you work for as well. Depending on if you’re working in a hospital, physician’s office, medical laboratory, any of the non-profit institution or other health care facility, your salary will vary. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, median annual wages in the top paying industries for this occupation are:

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  • Medical and diagnostic laboratories……………………………$33,270
  • Physician’s offices……………………………………………………..$30,720
  • Ambulatory healthcare services………………………………….$30,510
  • Hospitals………………………………………………………………….$30,470


Some of the top paying employers include insurance companies, hospitals, physician’s offices and laboratories while nursing homes and blood donation centers are among the lowest paying employers.

  • Certification – even though we mentioned that certification is not mandatory in order to work as a phlebotomy technician, it certainly affects your salary. Only a small number of states require certification to get hired as a phlebotomist, but other states would take your certificate in consideration when hiring. Also, certificate can bring you higher entry-level paying rate, since it proves you have better skill set and improved knowledge, not to mention better qualities and abilities. In addition, certified phlebotomy technicians at entry-level earn a little bit more than normal entry-level phlebotomist.

So, once you take into consideration some of these major factors that influence the salary of a phlebotomy technician, you can make a career plan based on the best options you choose. Selecting the country with highest paying rates, the best employer with great hourly wages, good amount of experience and accredited certification, will get you a good start in beginning your phlebotomy technician career. Once you progress from beginner to experienced phlebotomist, your salary will start to increase and soon enough you can become part of the top 10% with the highest median wage.

Job outlook

Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the employment of phlebotomy technicians is projected to grow by 25% from 2014 to 2024 which is much faster than the average for all occupations. Since it is important to have professional phlebotomy technicians to perform drawing blood and proper collection of blood samples, industries like hospitals, physician’s offices and medical and diagnostic laboratories constantly search for candidates to hire. Requirement for blood diagnostics and analysis is constantly on the rise, and so are the open jobs for this occupation. For those candidates who possess certificate, job prospects look much brighter. It is projected that another 28,100 open jobs will be available by the 2024.

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level are New York-Jersey City-White Plains in New York, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale in California, Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights in illinois, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land  in Texas and  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale in Arizona. States with the highest employment level count California with 12,780 hired phlebotomists, Texas with 8,850 employed, Florida with 7,410 and New York with 5,780 employed phlebotomy technicians. Industries with the highest level of employment for this occupation are: general medical and surgical hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, other ambulatory healthcare services, physician’s offices and other employment services.

If you’re sure you wish to pursue phlebotomy technician career, don’t forget any of the mentioned ways of how to become one, how to find a perfect training program and to get certified, which are the lowest and top paying industries, states and employers and how does a job outlook for this occupation looks like for the future. Once you inform yourself of all the possible choices and options, you can start building your phlebotomy technician career and provide yourself with stable and increasing salary, abundant work experience and the possibility to progress in this occupation or even to a much better paid one. Nevertheless, phlebotomy technician profession is on the rise and the increased job outlook for high quality phlebotomists is not going to stop increasing in near future, so rest assured whenever you decide to begin building up your phlebotomy technician career, it will be the right choice for your future!

How to Become a Wedding Planner


What are the first things that may come to mind when we mention weddings? When it comes to this particular life event, most of the people tend to associate it with the most positive emotions such as joy and self-fulfillment. In addition to that, wedding is perceived by the majority of people as a special life event that should be unique in one’s lifetime (although there are many cases of people who jump in and out of marriages), and therefore it should be glorious and memorable. The bride and the groom are ought to be provided with the day they will remember for the rest of their lives and to be given a chance to feel as glorious as the most famous movies stars at least once in a lifetime. All of this leads to a conclusion that there must be a certain person responsible for the whole event, the one who should enable the bride and the groom to have their special day to remember. Who that person might be, we could ask ourselves. A wedding planner would be the right answer to that question.

A Working Position Full of Challenges

To begin with, considering all the facts from above, being a wedding planner is definitely a tough working position with a lot of requirements. Among the skills they need to have, organizational skills are on top of the list. Besides that, a wedding planner should be trustworthy, so the bride and the groom can totally rely on them. They should also be polite – who wants their wedding to be planned by a rude person? Moreover, as a ceremony of the wedding itself is quite a traditional ceremony, wedding planners should also be informed about various customs. This is of utmost importance especially when the future married couple is religious and desires to have a wedding ceremony lead in accordance with the tradition and the customs of their religion (Christian, Muslim, Jewish, etc).

Having all these facts in mind, the author of this article aims to present the job position of a wedding planner in the best way possible, hoping to provide the reader with useful pieces of information about that lovely working position. This article also aims to give a guide on how to become a successful wedding planner.

What Do Wedding Planners Do

The first possible task of a wedding planner may seem obvious to all of us – their main responsibility is, as the job title itself says, to plan and organize weddings, as well as to make sure everything is going according to their plan. But, while all the guests are enjoying the atmosphere and, of course, the wedding cake, a wedding planner is struggling with various tasks that are definitely far from being a piece of cake. In order to explain to the readers what the responsibilities of a wedding planner include, here is the list of their duties:

  • Initial Consultation

It should be perfectly clear from the very beginning that wedding planners do have a whole load of obligations long before the actual wedding day. The first one on that list is known as initial consultation. What is it about? It is dedicated to setting the groundwork with the future client, whether it is the bride, the groom, the groom’s or the bride’s mother, the father of any of them or any kind of combination of these. After meeting a client, (it is important to stress that it is up to the wedding planner to choose among these relatives who the actual client will be), a wedding planner introduces them to the packages available and the client is to choose among the possible options.

  • Day of Coordinator

This is an interesting and a special service included in the duties of every professional wedding planner who takes his or her work seriously. Why is it special? Because this type of service is offered only to the brides, as it is related to coping with all the pre-wedding preparations that are supposed to be done before their ‘’big day”. Since many brides have been imagining their wedding day and their precious gown since they were little girls, many of them actually want no one to give them advice on how to organize the biggest event of their lives. However, none of them desires to get all stressed out while taking care of all the important details. Therefore, a professional wedding planner should offer Day of Coordinator, as the purpose of this service is to help the future bride and ease the pressure put upon them before the wedding day.

  • Liaison

The wedding planner in charge has to arrive at the venue much earlier than the actual event is even supposed to start and before any of the guests are supposed to show up. That is because they have a complex task upon them – they should be able to give instructions to all the other vendors at the wedding, answer the questions and see if everything is arranged according to the plan. Having done that, the next duty of the wedding planner is to appear as a liaison between all the vendors and the bride and the groom on the day of the wedding. After the ceremony is done, the wedding planner should make sure that all the guests are conducted to the receptionist venue where the photo session previous to the visit to the restaurant should take place.

  • Wedding Presents and the Venue

Although the guests, as well as the bride and the groom, have the absolute right to finally relax after the official wedding ceremony has finished, that is not where the duties of their wedding planner are finished. On the contrary, a professional and responsible wedding planner should make sure that all the wedding presents are carefully wrapped up and gathered in a safe place where there are in no danger of being stolen. In addition to that, since the wedding planner is the person who should coordinate the whole event, they should make sure that the venue is taken care of after the ceremony in order to serve to the next couple that is about to have their ceremony there.

  • FullService Planning

As it has been previously mentioned, planning the event is not the only one, but the most important task of every wedding planner and that is the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about this working position. It may seem as if there is just one responsibility at stake and it might not seem that complex. It is actually the other way around – the very planning of the wedding itself  is and excruciating and responsible task that consists of multiple duties. Therefore, being trustworthy and highly responsible is one of the essential qualities of every wedding planner.

Here is the list of all the things wedding planners are to consider and all the ones they are supposed to take care of:

  • Budget – The wedding planner in charge of the particular wedding should carefully negotiate the budget available for the ceremony and the whole event. Therefore, the arrangements that are made need to fit the limited and previously determined budget.
  • Venue – After the wedding planner has made the agreement with the client regarding the estimated budget, their next task is to look for the most suitable venue and introduce the client to their options. Together with the client, the wedding planner chooses a certain venue and sets out to make the necessary arrangements. It is crucial to find the balance between the desirable venue for the future married couple and their possibilities, in other words, to keep in mind what they can afford.
  • Vendors – the chosen wedding planner is the key figure of the event, but he or she is by no means capable of coping with all the things there are to be done at such an event, though. Therefore, the wedding planner should research the offer of the available vendors such as photographers, video photographers, cooks, serves, etc. They need to pay attention to which of them are available on the wedding day since many of them can be booked even a year in advance. The wedding planner should also form a team of reliable people that are comfortable to work with.
  • Making Their Magic

This subheading might sound a bit or a lot silly, but this is how the things are – the majority of people (men as well as women, although they tend to be too embarrassed to confess it) out there have been dreaming about their wedding day since their childhood, especially those who are fond of preserving the tradition. Therefore, they expect that at least some bits of their long-lasting dreams will come true. And the responsibility to make that happen lies upon the wedding planner they choose. Wedding planners are expected to appear as miracle workers and literally make the dreams of the couple come true. This is definitely not an easy task and all of us would agree on that.

Work Environment

Considering a work environment of a usual wedding planner, many of us will immediately relate it to the wedding hall or any similar room or venue that has to do with the wedding ceremony. When wedding ceremonies are at stake, the religious ceremony where bride and groom are supposed to give their vow should by no means be omitted. The wedding planner chosen is expected to be constantly present at all the listed venues and all the spots where the wedding is taking place and where ever their admirable and enviable organizational powers are needed.

In addition to wedding halls, the reception venue where the photo session is supposed to take place and the church where the most important among the wedding ceremonies takes place, wedding planners must also have their office where they make appointments with their clients and introduce them to the offers of various wedding packages. Moreover, besides all that, the job takes wedding planners outdoors as well, believe it or not. As it was previously said, they need to make arrangements with different vendors and also to visit and book the venue. Therefore, a wedding planner is more on the move that any of us would assume before conducting a meticulous research on this working position.

How to Become a Wedding Planner?

How to become a wedding planner, that is the question. Some among us might have asked themselves the question mentioned above, but did they manage to find the satisfactory answers? One of the aims of this article, in order to let the readers know what it takes to become a wedding planner, is definitely to answer this abrupt question. So, what are the basic requirements and skills that any person who desires to become a wedding planner at some time in the future should obtain?

First of all, as it has already been mentioned, the crucial quality of any wedding planner is to be polite. It is widely known that the people who are about to rush in the greatest of all the adventures of their life commonly known as marriage tend to get quite nervous from that very fact, some of them even panic before the actual event is supposed to happen. Therefore, the future married couple requires someone who will help them calm down, assist them in planning the whole event, someone who will provide them with the best and most pleasant conditions to give their marriage vows. A wedding planner should not only have extraordinary organizational skills, but he or she needs to have empathy and to be communicative, consoling, polite and approachable. Let us face it, no one would like to cooperate with someone who is rude, insincere and bottled up.

Having considered all these facts and the requirements that are set before every potential wedding planner, let us make a list of the key qualities and skills a wedding planner should hone and the requirements they are to achieve:

  • exceptional organizational skills
  • great communication skills
  • politeness
  • empathy
  • being reliable
  • being able to plan the budget, etc.


Having all these things that are required from a wedding planner in mind, one might ask oneself, especially after having considered giving this job position a chance, what kind of training and education a person requires to become a suitable and appropriate candidate for the working position of a wedding planner. One of the first questions that might pop up when such a topic is at stake is whether there are any school programs or even any university programs that are able to prepare one for taking up the job of a wedding planner or not. Considering the possibility that there might be some universities that have a department related to planning weddings among their curriculum might be a bit silly. On the other hand, people must have a possibility to learn about this job position and undergo a training that prepares them for doing it. Therefore, there have to be certain courses available for the ones who perceive wedding planning as their future career.


After skimming through the previous paragraph, one might get to the conclusion that the very existence of any kind of university programs connected to planning weddings has been excluded. In addition to that, it can also be claimed that there are no programs that are related to planning weddings at any school as well. Having all these facts and assumptions in mind, one should definitely take courses into consideration. Since there are no programs that may prepare one to become a wedding planner within the system of formal education, such programs are to be sought among the different forms of courses. Depending on what type of courses you prefer, this article will present you with various options you can choose from afterwards if you are considering to take up wedding planning as your future career.

  • Online Courses

Since many of us are digital natives who are constantly online and since the Internet provide us with a great opportunity to get many things done by simply visiting a certain website and pressing the right combination of buttons, finishing an online course and becoming able of taking up some working position such as planning weddings might sound as the best solution to those who see it as their potential career. Therefore, this article will present a list of the best online courses for wedding planners.

The list of top three online wedding planning courses:

  1. Weddings Beautiful Worldwide

Weddings Beautiful is a company that was established in 1968. Since that time, they have been creating their brand within the business world and they have managed to become a company that is easily recognized and renowned for their satisfactory services. Taking all of that aside, this company does not only plan weddings, but they also offer excellent online courses that may enable one to become either a Certified Wedding Specialist or a Certified Wedding Planner. It consists of various assignments and an attendant is supposed to have their improvement tested via an online questionnaire after each of them. There are two payment methods. One is to pay the full price at once, which is $685. The other option is the so-called Pay As You Go.

The fist one is aimed at the ones with no experience and knowledge in wedding planning and it consists of 18 assignments that are dedicated to the basis of wedding planning and organization. The second one is suitable for those who have knowledge and experience in the field of wedding planning, but still need to obtain proper certification.

  1. The Sheffield School

This school was founded in 1985 as a school of interior design, wedding and event planning. It offers the possibility of regular and online enrolling to the students from all over the world. Their course called Wedding and Event Planning is mostly focused on the basic details about this working position. It is consists of:

  • 20 detailed assignments
  • 6 guides
  • 6 workbooks
  • 2 virtual internships

After completing the course, an attendant becomes a holder of the Sheffield graduation certificate supported by their faculty.

  1. The Wedding Planning Institute

This institute, widely known under the abbreviation LWPI is a department of which was founded in 1997. The course about wedding planning is not only their own, but it is provided thanks to the cooperation with certain organizations such as American Association of Community Colleagues. Although the website appears difficult to navigate sometimes, the best idea is to follow the course schedules carefully and regularly. This course offers a variety of workshops and seminars, the price of each varies as well.

Certification and Degree

A certain degree is not actually supposed to be discussed when it comes to the working position of a wedding planner since there are no official programs for this vocation within the formal educational system. On the other hand, a person desiring to work as a wedding planner may attain a certificate required to become an accredited one and start their career. As it was mentioned in the paragraph above, one of the best options is to enroll in an online course and obtain a certificate.

Here is the list of the certificates earned after finishing the top-ranked online courses successfully:

  • Wedding Specialist Certificate
  • Wedding Planner Certificate
  • Sheffield graduation certificate


There is a research conducted by the website called Pay Scale, which presents the average salaries of wedding planners in the United States. The results of their research will be presented in a list:

  • Average wage for a wedding planner: $17.14 per hour
  • Hourly tips’ range: $0.19 – $5.42
  • Overtime plus: $0.39 – $53.33
  • Bonus range: $0.00 – 8,877
  • Total pay/ Annual salary: $20,640 – $89,659

Job Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which do not give information on wedding planners specifically, but they do refer to certain similar positions, it is likely that this working position will measure an employment increase of 10% from 2014 – 2024. When it comes to this working position itself, a certified wedding planner is a person who is always likely to find working engagement. They negotiate with the clients, organize wedding ceremonies and the events that follow and they also need to find and coordinate the vendors.

Similar Occupations

There are a number of occupations similar to the one of the wedding planner. The closest one is the wedding specialist. The ones that follow are wedding photographers, video photographers, and tailors of the wedding gowns and also chefs and servers. All of them must form a team when a wedding is about to take place and they must have exceptional cooperation in order for the wedding ceremony to be successfully completed.