How to Become a Fashion Designer

To put it the simplest way possible, fashion is important, especially nowadays. However, everyone may agree on the fact that it was the case in the previous times of the history of the human civilization as well. Why has fashion always been so important? Many people among us might have asked themselves the questioned mentioned even a hundred times. So, where can we seek the answer to that question?

Until we come up with the best answer, let us firstly think about whom we should thank for being able to witness such a rapid development of fashion and a huge variety of new styles that may be marked in the past decades. Those people we should be thankful to are nobody else than fashion designers! Therefore, this article will get down to highlighting that working occupation. We hope that this article will appear interesting to both the ones who are simply interested in fashion, to the ones who are already fashion freaks, and also to the ones who are already engaged in working as fashion designers.

Fashion Indisputably Matters in Our Society

Well, the most appropriate answer would be that fashion is not only down to what is in or out at a certain time, to use contemporary fancy terms. It is actually the other way around – clothing style was, through the ages, one of the most important social categories, as fashion and clothing style provided one with the ability to determine which social standard a particular person has. That is not nuclear physics – if someone wears more fashionable clothes that are obviously designed with utmost precision and that cost a huge amount of money as well, one may easily conclude that a person who wears such clothes is far from being poor and far from a social margin.

Since we have come to the conclusion that fashion is crucial within the realms of determining one’s social status, let us relate to the ones who are responsible for shaping new styles and designing new garments that hit the shelves every season. In other words, let us get down to talking about fashion designers, about what they do, what their working position entails and how a person may become one of them. We hope that will be interesting and useful to you!

What Do Fashion Designers Do?

The easiest way to describe a profession of a fashion designer would be to simply say that they design new clothes and determine new styles, which are very likely to change every year (or even during the same year), although they sometimes gain inspiration from previous trends in fashion.

However, would such a simplistic statement appear persuasive to any of the readers? Is the vocation of a fashion designer only down to trend setting? We do not think so. If some of the readers out there are dissatisfied with that simplistic answer the same as we are, let us strive to find out more about what the profession of a fashion designer entails.

One does not have to conduct a thorough investigation in order to get to find out what responsibilities and everyday tasks the vocation of a fashion designer entails.

If you are not into doing a meticulous research, you may check out the following list that includes the basic duties of a fashion designer:

  • Before they make the final product, fashion designers need to study trends and to be up to date with them.
  • Fashion designers also sketch the initial clothing or accessory design.
  • Fashion designers attend trade shows to get the better image of the current trends, of course.
  • Fashion designers also visit manufacturers in order to select fabrics and materials.
  • They create outlets for fashion catalogues and fashion magazines, such as Vogue.

Having all these duties in mind, we must also highlight that there are two basic different types of fashion design, and those are:

  • Clothes Design
  • Accessories Design

It is easy to conclude that those two are often interwoven and tightly bonded since it is important to match the clothing with accessories and jewelry. This statement once again brings to light the fact that fashion design is by no means not only down to designing clothes.

Versatile Vocation

We have already concluded through this article that fashion design is not strictly averted to one single area of clothing design. Nonetheless, fashion designers need to undergo various preparations in order to present a new collection or even a single new garment. In addition to that, some fashion designers may prefer to design accessories and jewelry rather than to mess with materials and tailoring. Therefore, it is easy to conclude that fashion design is a highly versatile vocation.

Work Environment of Fashion Designers

We have just managed to determine in the previous paragraph that being a fashion designer is a highly versatile vocation. And guess what – that is not the only thing! Moreover, fashion designers are also provided with various possibilities when it comes to choosing the most suitable work environment. They have a broad range of places and venues where they can work their miracles and express their creativity in order to present the public with freshly new clothes and collections.

In order to become more familiar with all the possibilities that fashion designers have when it comes to choosing the perfect spot to work at, let us present you with a short list:

  • An office, within a small or a huge facility or within a small or a large fashion corporation
  • In a co-working space, which may also be placed within a larger facility and where fashion designers have a chance to work with their colleagues in order to exchange ideas and views on fashion
  • Fashion magazines, where they cooperate with fashion photographers in order to create the most compelling and jaw-dropping content
  • Working from home – Since fashion design is a vocation that nowadays requires the use of technical equipment and computer programs in order to conceive a new collection or an item of clothing, many fashion designers resort to working from home and communicating with their colleagues and superiors via the Internet since it appears much easier. In addition to that, many fashion designers nowadays choose to work as freelancers and to offer their ideas to various companies, fashion corporations, fashion magazines and employers. There are various Internet platforms where they can perform such work, for example:
  • Upwork
  • Elance
  • Freelancer

How to Become a Fashion Designer?

How to become a fashion designer, or in other words, how to become the one who sets new trends and has a job in a famous fashion corporation or fashion company? Since this article has the aim to bring to light the profession of a fashion designer, it would be incomplete if it did not include some hacks and pieces of advice related to what it takes to take up this attractive working position.

Therefore, if you are interested in clothing design or accessories design, check out the following list of skills required from a fashion designer:

  • Initial Sketch
  • Patternmaking
  • Sewing
  • Tailoring
  • Being up to date with the upcoming trends
  • Creativity is a must!
  • Being artistic
  • Personal Styling
  • Being familiar with various materials and fabrics
  • Extensive travelling
  • Being familiar with clothing design software
  • Being remarkable and easy to recognize

Believe it or not, in addition to being extremely creative and being able to combine various materials, a fashion designer must relentlessly strive to find where to reap new ideas for clothing design. Therefore, a good solution is to become an extensive traveler in order to become familiar with various clothing styles. Sometimes, fashion designers do gain inspiration from traditional clothes around the world.

In conclusion, a fashion designer sometimes needs to have passion for fashion and adventure.

Education and Training in Fashion Design

Whatever working position may be at stake, as we all know quite well, skills are not enough to get a job and one needs to undergo a thorough educational process in order to prepare oneself for diving into a certain working position. The same applies to fashion design and working for fashion corporations as well.

It seems that, at least nowadays, it tends to be more popular to gain non-formal education in fashion design via various courses than to enroll in a program of fashion design at a certain university. Nonetheless, one who undergoes a non-formal course also gains an accredited license, which allows one to start working in the field of fashion design. Therefore, we will firstly get down to listing various fashion design courses.

While going through the content on the website called Creative Skill Set, one may find a list of interesting courses in fashion design such as:

  • ABC
  • City & Guilds
  • NOCN
  • SVQ

If one finds this list useful, one may follow this link to gain further information:

In addition to that, theoretical knowledge is by no means sufficient when it comes to vocations such as fashion design, which require a lot of creativity and practice. Therefore, in order to become a successful fashion designer, one must also apply for an apprenticeship in fashion and textiles.

When it comes to apprenticeships, we will relate to the formal education since various colleges offer apprenticeship programs that are related to fashion design, such advanced apprenticeship programs creative and digital media.

In order to help you choose the right one and give you a hint for your search, we have created a list of the colleges and institutions that offer apprenticeship programs in fashion and textile:

  • College Arts
  • Basingstoke College of Technology
  • Creative Process
  • Plymouth College of Art
  • Diva
  • The Manchester College
  • Warwickshire College
  • Blackburn College
  • Fashion Enter

After one has successfully completed one of the apprenticeship programs in fashion and textile, one may proudly claim that he or she is very likely to become a successful fashion designer and to start working for a famous fashion company.

Degree and Certification

If one desires to become a fashion designer or an accessories designer and to work for a fashion company or a fashion publication such as Vogue and Drapers, one must obtain required certification to prove one is qualified in the field of fashion design.

In order to obtain these qualifications and reach the job requirements, one needs to complete a certain course in fashion design and get at least an :

  • Undergraduate degree.

In addition to that, one must present a confirmation of one’s practical skills, such as a:

  • Confirmation of a completed apprenticeship in fashion and textiles.


Have you ever wondered how much do fashion designers make? According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average annual salary of a fashion designer reaches the amount of $73,180. Whereas this amount applies to the ones with an Associate’s or a Bachelor’s Degree in Fashion Design, a slightly different sum is earned by high fashion designers, from whom formal education is not commonly required. A median annual salary of a high fashion designer is $63,670.

Job Outlook

When it comes to job outlook, fashion designers have various opportunities for employment, such as:

  • Clothing Design
  • Accessories Design
  • Jewelry Design
  • Working for fashion publications and magazines
  • Creating fashion outlets
  • Creating collections for Fashion Week and similar events

A fashion designer needs to apply various skills, such as computing and interpersonal skills, on whatever working position they choose from the ones among the list.

Similar Occupations

There are various occupations similar to the one of fashion design. To start with, fashion design itself divides into a few occupations, such as clothing design, accessories design and jewelry design. Moreover, fashion designers, especially the ones who work for fashion publications, must cooperate with fashion photographers and fashion journalists.

How to Become an Industrial Designer?

The majority of us out here are quite familiar with the fact that industry, as well as a huge variety of industrial facilities, are all around us and they are everywhere to be seen. This is so, since industry is one of the fields of human activity that measures constant and increasing growth since its well-known and great outburst, which traces back to the nineteenth century and the period that we nowadays know and recognize as the very beginning of the contemporary world, the one we know and live among right now. Therefore, industry is indisputably a field to which all of us need to pay utmost attention – all of us out there should at least get the basic information about the world of industry, which, and we will all agree on that, literally makes our world go around.

What is This Working Position about?

Thus, many people engaged in various working positions are dedicated to striving to make the growth of industry increase for even a greater deal and they also strive to help industry set the  path to its further development. Some of the working positions that should be connected to industry are design and architecture. However, if we would like to break these versatile vocations down into more strictly specialized disciplines, we may easily conclude that a discipline known as the industrial design will definitely pop up in such an analysis. Therefore, that is exactly what this article will be about. The aim of this article is to help the ones who desire to dedicate their lives and careers to working in the field of industrial design, but it also aims to give interesting pieces of information to the ones who are simply interested in getting to know the field of industrial design better.

Essential Vocation

We have already mentioned in the introduction to this article that industry is the field of human activity that appears to be the foundation of the contemporary world as a whole and it does not cease to measure constant growth and development.

In order for the industry to go for such a rapid development, many requirements should be reached. First of all, the ones who work in the versatile field of industry must be provided with sufficient working conditions as well as with the facilities that will have all the properties needed for completing their work successfully. Besides, in order for the industry to keep developing, it is essential to work on the development of technology and the mass production of technological devices.

That is the point at which industrial designers take over the stage and perform their magic. Hence, a working position of an industrial designer really sets serious requirements in front of the ones who desire to get engaged in it. This is a working position that comes along with a great number of responsibilities. In addition to that, in an ever-growing field of industry, with industrial facilities popping up from everywhere, employing a huge number of industrial designers is a must. Therefore, this working position, which many of us have not even heard of and thus it is underestimated, is essential.

An Often Mistaken Vocation

Before we proceed to the rest of the article and reveal the secrets of the working position of an industrial designer, it is mostly important to point out that this working position should by no means be mistaken with some other vocations that are quite similar, but definitely not the same. For example, the first vocation that many of us tend to mistake with industrial design is interior design. Although these two positions have much in common, there are also sharp differences between them. Here is a list that presents some of those differences:

  • Industrial designers have more responsibilities than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay more attention to the safety and utilizing components of a facility or a product than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay less attention to aesthetics, and more attention to the safety and usefulness than interior designers
  • Industrial designers must be highly informed about technology and be up to date on that field and they also need to obtain computing skills.

In addition to that, industrial designers should be more familiar with the field of industry, whereas interior designers are supposed to be mostly familiar with art and even human studies, in order to be able to communicate and negotiate with their clients and in order to reach their expectations.

Now that we have covered these differences, we may proceed to the next part of the article that will reveal some more specific facts about industrial design in particular.

What Do Industrial Designers Do?

From the very name of the vocation, it is obvious that this working position is tightly bonded with the world of industry, which we pointed out is constantly developing and growing. Since technology is one of the areas that appears to measure constant development, the ones engaged in industry often resort to dedicating their work to producing technological devices. That is the point at which industrial designers, who this article is about, are inevitable.

The main task of industrial designers is to create and design mass produced goods, such as various vehicles and various devices, for example, television, computers and a broad range of all the other gadgets and devices one may think of. Therefore, they need to be highly educated and they are supposed to be familiar not only with the field of design but with the fields of industry and technology, as well. Besides, they need to pay utmost attention to creating such a product that will be safe to use and that will be utilizing for the customers it is offered to. Thus, being an industrial designer is a highly responsible vocation and it requires thorough education, as well as a lot of practice and training.

Work Environment

It has already been mentioned in this article that the vocation of a designer is quite versatile itself and therefore there is a number of specialized vocations derived from it that are similar to each other and often mistaken one for the other, such as graphic design, interior design and industrial design. However, one of the things they definitely have in common is the fact that all of them, in most cases, can be performed in almost the same types of work environment.

Therefore, here is a list of certain places or venues where an industrial designer may get down to work:

  • Co-working space (offers a great opportunity for cooperation in the similar fields)
  • An office
  • An industrial facility
  • Manufacturing industrial firms
  • Working online from home/a cafe on internet websites and platforms such as: Upwork , Freelancer

How to Become a Successful Industrial Designer?

We hope that this article has grasped your interests so far and that we are now having your attention as well since the following paragraph will be dedicated especially to the ones who maybe desire to get engaged in industrial design or the ones who have at least considered it as their possible future occupation. Therefore, here are some of the requirements in the field of industrial design.

  • Get properly educated.

What is essential regarding almost any of work occupations, especially the ones that bring as many responsibilities as it is the case with industrial design, one must finish an education program in the field. One may choose a formal educational one or an informal educational one and one must thus obtain a certain degree or certificate in order to get only the basic qualifications for the job at stake.

  • Gain broad knowledge and be eager to broaden it even more.

Once one has got one’s Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in the field of industrial design, one’s education is by no means over at that point. A person engaged in the field of industrial design should be aware of the fact how versatile that field is and how broad knowledge in various other fields it requires. Therefore, those industrial designers must be constantly eager to broaden their knowledge and to be familiar with similar fields, such as graphic design. They also need to be well informed about technology and new technological breakthroughs and demands.

  • Be up to date with your field.

Many working positions require the one engaged in them to be up to date on all the news regarding that field. Moreover, since the field of industry and the field of technology, which is tightly bonded with it, are measuring constant development and increased growth, the ones engaged in industrial design must always be up to date with the latest news in these fields. Furthermore, they must apply all the new breakthroughs in their work, as well.

  • Practice makes perfect.

The aforementioned phrase is by no means a cliché, especially when it comes to certain working positions, such as the working position of an industrial designer. When a person has successfully completed an education program and got a degree or certificate, that person should definitely not stop perfecting their skills. Therefore, all the ones who aim for successful careers in the field of industrial design should start with less demanding beginner’s assignments that will provide them with the opportunity to practice and hone their skills before going big and aiming for the most complex tasks and positions.

  • Cooperation is an option for winners.

If you want to be considered successful in the field of industrial design, you should definitely follow the strategy of the real winners in this field and try to learn from them. In other words, the best way to set a path for your own successful career and to open new opportunities for yourself is to cooperate with the ones who work in your field and the ones dedicated to similar work occupations. In order to make their business boom and to gain more opportunities, all industrial designers should resort to cooperating with technology engineers as well as with graphic designers. Therefore, they will always receive fresh and new ideas and they will also view their working tasks from a different angle, which will help them think outside the box and dedicate to their tasks more thoroughly.

In addition to taking up these pieces of advice, someone who is engaged in the field of industrial design and aims to become successful in the field must have certain skills, such as:

  • Creativity
  • Resourcefulness
  • Ability to come up with solutions and ideas quickly
  • Knowledge in computing and informatics
  • Knowledge in industry as well as design
  • Willingness to cooperate with the colleagues from the same field and similar fields

Nevertheless, having gone through all these facts that show how different industrial design is from interior design, industrial designers may always reap the benefits of using their opportunity to cooperate with their colleagues from similar fields, architects, graphic designers and interior designers in the first place.

Education and Training for a Successful Industrial Designer

In order to be able to take up a certain profession, one must usually go through a program of education first. The same definitely applies to the working position of an industrial designer as well. If one desires to become an industrial designer, one must complete a certain educational program. It is up to every person to decide whether it will be a formal education program or they will resort to informal education since one may become an industrial designer without attending a university that has this program among their curriculum. Therefore, in order to reach the expectations and inform all the ones interested in industrial design, this article will bring up both the opportunities in formal and informal education when it comes to the field mentioned.

The importance of education for industrial designers is obvious from the fact that a highly renowned society dedicated to this field, Industrial Designers Society of America, pays utmost attention to education in particular. The mission to increase the efficiency of education is the key component of their Strategic Plan.

ID Schools

There is a list of industrial design schools made by Industrial Designers Society of America and it includes schools and university programs that have an IDSA Student Chapter and that are also accredited by National Association of Schools of Art and Design. Those schools have been given the accreditation because they provide their students with an efficient education that will enable them to gain the proper knowledge and practice in the field of industrial design.

Therefore, here is the list of those university programs for future industrial designers that were top ranked by IDSA:

  • Alabama: Auburn University
  • Arizona: Arizona State University
  • California:
  • Academy of Art at the University
  • Art Centre College of Design
  • Art Institute of Orange Country
  • California College of the Arts
  • Otis College of Art and Design, California State University – Long Beach
  • San Francisco State University
  • San Hose State University
  • Colorado:
  • Art Institute of Colorado
  • Metropolitan State University of Denver
  • Connecticut: University of Bridgeport’s Shintaro Akatsu School of Design
  • Florida: An Institute of Fort Lauderdale
  • Georgia:
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Savannah College of Art and Design
  • Illinois:
  • Southern Illinois University
  • The School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • University of Illinois-Chicago
  • University of Illinois Urbana-Campaign
  • Indiana:
  • Purdue University
  • University of Notre Dame
  • Iowa: Iowa State University
  • Kansas:
  • University of Kansas
  • Kansas State University
  • Louisiana: University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • Massachusetts:
  • Massachusetts College of Art and Design
  • Wentworth Institute of Technology
  • Michigan:
  • College of Creative Studies
  • Kendall College of Art and Design
  • Northern Michigan University, University of Michigan
  • Wayne State University
  • New Jersey:
  • Kean University
  • Montclair State University
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology
  • New York:
  • Parsons the New School of Design
  • Pratt Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • School of Visual Arts
  • Syracuse University
  • North Carolina:
  • Appalachian State University
  • NC State University – College of Design
  • Ohio:
  • Cleveland Institute of Art
  • Ohio State University
  • Oregon:
  • Art Institute of Portland
  • University of Oregon
  • Pennsylvania:
  • Art Institute of Pittsburg
  • Carnegie-Mellon University
  • Integrated Innovation Institute
  • Drexel University
  • Philadelphia University
  • Rhode Island: Rhode Island School of Design
  • Texas: University of Houston
  • Utah: Brigham Young University
  • Virginia:
  • James Madison University
  • Virginia Tech
  • Washington:
  • Art Institute of Seattle, University of Washington
  • Western Washington University
  • Wisconsin: Milwaukee Institute for Art and Design

Is your head already spinning from the number of universities that have the best industrial design programs among their curriculum? Since education matters, the whole list made by IDSA was included in this article.

Bachelor and Master Studies

One who wants to get engaged in the field of industrial design must strive to obtain a broad and thorough education, as it has been previously mentioned in this article. Therefore, this article provides the readers with the pieces of information about the huge number of the opportunities and recommended programs to choose from, which can be seen in the list above. When it comes to the degree, most of the aforementioned programs offer both Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree, and some of them offer a PhD degree as well.

Practical Work and Career Development

After completing any of the education programs mentioned or completing an online course in industrial design successfully, one must go for further development, in order to perfect one’s skills and obtain some practical experience, which is essential no matter what working position may be at stake. Therefore, this article will present you an interesting and extraordinary opportunity to combine industrial design and healthcare. Since industrial designers work on various applications and devices, sometimes they may get a task to work on a certain healthcare digital device. Thus, if any of you out there who are engaged in industrial design are interested in combining it with healthcare, honing your skills and contributing to medicine all at the same time, you may be interested in attending webinars and courses or taking up practical apprenticeship programs sponsored by the widely renowned Philips company.

Certification and Degree

When it comes to the degrees that can be obtained in the system of formal education, here are the ones that can be acquired after having successfully completed some of the programs at the universities from the list given above:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Products Design
  • Master’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • PhD in Industrial Design

If one does not have a degree or a valid certificate in the field of industrial design, one may still have a chance to become an industrial designer regardless. But, one must be ready to engage in non-paid internship first in order to show one’s skills to the client and convince them one is capable of working and reaching the requirements.


According to the results of the research conducted in the year 2015 by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, average annual salary of an industrial designer reaches the amount of $ 69,820, whereas the predicted job growth was marked with 2%.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook of an industrial designer, since this is a versatile vocation, they have various opportunities in front of themselves they can choose from when starting their career. For example, the most common occupation of an industrial designer is to work in certain manufacturing firms. In addition to that, they can cooperate with business persons engaged in the fields of industry and technology, since the main task of every industrial designer is to design mass produce goods, various vehicles and devices. When it comes to devices, industrial designers may also wish to combine their working position with healthcare and to produce medical devices for the companies such as Philips.

It is important to point out that there are numerous occupations similar to industrial design, such as interior design, graphic design and architecture, so they can always become a part of a multi-professional co-working space.

Similar Occupations

It is widely known and commonly accepted that the field of design is quite broad and versatile and that the field is strongly related to the one of architecture, as well. Therefore, when it comes to the working position of an industrial designer, in particular, it is obvious that this position is connected to various other positions, such as interior design, interior architecture, or even graphic design. Thus, industrial designers have many opportunities for cooperation with their colleagues from similar vocations, but they also tend to have their working position mistaken with the similar ones, especially with interior design. Therefore, we will mark the difference of the main preoccupations and tasks of an industrial designer and confront it to the ones of an interior designer:

Industrial designer

  • deals with design aspects of mass produced goods
  • they design vehicles, computers and a variety of other gadgets and devices

Interior designer

  • deals with designing homes and offices
  • pays more attention to aesthetics than to the function of the product

Hopefuly, this article will appear interesting and helpful to both the ones engaged in the working position of industrial design and the ones simply interested in this occupation.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

It is widely known and commonly accepted that all of us are fond of finding ourselves in comfortable surroundings, whether it is referred to a venue, a room or a building as a whole, since all of us tend to feel more comfortable and thus more productive when we find ourselves in the surroundings that come up to our needs and preferences. Therefore, when one finds oneself in such a pleasant venue, one’s mood immediately tends to improve as well and thus they become more friendly and capable of both doing their regular daily tasks and taking up various activities. And, have any of you, readers out there, ever wondered who we should thank for providing us with cozy and snug surrounding that we feel comfortable in and also for providing us with facilities specialized for performing certain activities in them?

Whom Should We Thank for Pleasant Indoor Surroundings?

The answer is – interior designers! Anyone who came up with that very answer would be correct, because, when it comes to the working position of an interior designer, they are the ones who all of us should be grateful to for providing us with venues that satisfy our needs and reach our expectations. Therefore, this article dedicates mostly to the lovely working position of an interior designer, with an aim to reveal what that working position exactly entails.

Besides, there might be some among the readers out there who possibly have a desire to give a chance to the career this article is about. Maybe some of them are already interested in becoming true and professional interior designers, who should be widely admired. Therefore, this article will, hopefully, not only be interesting, but it will also appear helpful to the ones who see themselves as interior designers in nearer or further future. So, let us get down to revealing the secrets of the beautiful vocation of an interior designer!

Essential Vocation

First of all, let us get one thing straight. We are all quite familiar with the fact that our very civilization would by no means be able to function if it was not for indoor surroundings of any kind, whether those are various venues, facilities specialized for a certain purpose, private family houses, or buildings with private flats or public places and facilities such as schools, hospitals, etc. Besides, it has already been mentioned in this article that people tend to feel more comfortable and thus appear more productive provided that they have found themselves in comfortable indoors surroundings. What is also essential, especially when it comes to certain specialized facilities where people work, it is important that these facilities offer them the possibility to be surrounded by the tools of their trade, or in other words, to offer them the possibility to easily access anything they might need for completing their work and reaching the requirements set for them.

Therefore, someone has to provide such a huge variety of facilities with all the utensils required and to make them comfortable as well. And that is the point at which we need to call for a professional and a creative interior designer. Therefore, interior designers are essential when it comes to organizing any residential structure, room or venue and thus they should be widely admired.

Ubiquitous Vocation

We have already determined what the basic responsibility of any interior designer is, which is to create an indoor space in the way that it will be both comfortable and useful for the ones who spend their time there, whether they live there, work, or spend their leisure time in a certain facility. Besides, indoor surroundings tend to pop up from everywhere, isn’t that so? Well, it is obvious that we are surrounded by various buildings and residential structures, whether we live in a rural or an urban area. Therefore, various buildings are something that is more than ubiquitous in our very world and all of us would agree on that. Thus, all of those structures have their indoor space that will be used for a certain purpose and they must have that indoor space planned by someone. Those who will organize the indoors of various facilities are interior designers. And, since the buildings they work on are ubiquitous, the working position of an interior designer is ubiquitous as well, since they are needed everywhere along with their creativity and ideas.

What Do Interior Designers Do?

Some of the perks of being an interior designer by vocation have already been mentioned in this article, such as the fact that their work is essential and their working environment ubiquitous. Nevertheless, apart from numerous perks, the working position of an interior designer brings various responsibilities along as well. Besides, this working position also requires attaining and honing various skills and having numerous qualities apart from being extremely creative and able to come up with different solutions quickly when it comes to organizing a certain indoor space. To cut the long story short, we will now get down to explaining what the desirable working position of an interior designer exactly entails.

Here is the list of the basic responsibilities and tasks that are set for any interior designer:

  • They need to design a space that will reach the requirements of its occupants, people who live, work, or spend their leisure time there
  • They need to combine various aspects, such as light, color, texture, various materials in order to provide their clients with the most pleasant and useful indoor space
  • Interior designers must always pay attention to the aesthetics, but also to the safety of the space they are creating and the fact that it should be utilizing
  • The work of a professional and highly skillful designer can boost office productivity, increase sales and even attract a more affluent clientele when it comes to designing a certain business indoor space. Therefore, professional, creative and resourceful designers are highly admired and well paid. Ambitious business persons are always on the market for such skillful interior designers and therefore this career is quite fruitful and offers many opportunities.

Before we proceed to the next part of this article, it is important to point out that there is a wide gap between interior designers and interior decorators and these two should not be mistaken one for the other since being an interior designer is a much more responsible vocation that entails more tasks, which will be thoroughly explained further in the article.

Working Environment of an Interior Designer

It has already been mentioned in this article that interior designers are essential when it comes to putting any facility or any residential structure in function, which makes their working position inevitable and ubiquitous. In addition to that, the work of a talented and skillful interior designer can consequentially lead the business of the person who works in the facility they designed towards improvement. However, since we have already come clear with what interior designers can work on, the next question that may pop up is where they find their work environment.

The fact is that a load of working positions has been spilling into the virtual world nowadays. Since almost all of us in the contemporary society are digital natives, all of us resort to using technology a lot when it comes to our education or private life. The same applies to work. When it comes to working environment, many interior designers desire to cooperate with their foreign colleagues, and therefore they work online a lot. Besides, a huge number of interior designers choose to become freelancers and work on various online platforms of websites.

To cut the long story short, we will now create a list of the places where interior designers can work:

    • Office or co-working space
    • Working in a certain business facility/ for a certain company
    • Working from home, or where ever there is Wi-Fi
    • Working as a freelancer on an internet website of platform such as: Upwork, Elance, Freelancer.

Since technology provides interior designers with a possibility to prepare photorealistic 3-D renderings and finish their projects without a direct contact with a customer, many of them decide to work as freelancers and complete their tasks online. Therefore, they can save their time since they are provided with a possibility to work from home.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

Since this article reveals the nature of the working position of an interior designer and it also brings up the advantages of this job, it would be essential to point out how it is possible to become capable of taking this working position up, or in other words, what it takes to become a successful interior designer.

Therefore, we will create a list that will contain pieces of advice and various hacks aimed at the ones who desire to become interior designers and the ones who are simply interested in getting to know more about this working position:

      • Understand that this working position is versatile and be aware of your responsibilities.

It has already been mentioned in this article that being an interior decorator is not nearly the same as being an interior designer. That is because the job of an interior designer is much more versatile and it entails a broader range of tasks. Interior designers are not only expected to come up with creative ideas regarding the aesthetics of an indoors space, but also to provide its future occupants with safety and the sufficient working conditions. Therefore, every interior designer must be aware of his or her responsibilities.

      • You must follow your passion in order to succeed.

What every interior designer needs to know is the fact that their working position is not all down to striving for success no matter what and being mostly responsible. It is actually the other way around – since the working position of an interior designer is itself quite artistic, interior designers ought to have a sense of aesthetics and to be dedicated to art and to their work. To put it simply, an interior designer who is aiming for success must be passionate about his or her work. Therefore, passion is one of the crucial things for a successful future career in this area.

      • You will have to accept and embrace the dull part of the work as well.

One of the facts that all of us tend to omit from time to time is that no working position comes only with pleasant activities and tasks that one is supposed to express one’s creativity, skills and resourcefulness through. Therefore, every career has its ups and downs as well as every working position brings some boring details and tasks along. But, to be able to proceed to the fun part, everyone must face up to those boring tasks firstly. When it comes to interior designers in particular, apart from having fun while working with fabric, colors and combining different textures in order to create a true miracle, they also need to be educated in:

      • the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.
      • Be the Jack-Of-All-Trades!

To sum the previous paragraph of the article up, a professional interior designer is expected to hone a huge variety of versatile skills and to gain broad knowledge in various fields, not only in the field of art and design. This is because an interior designer will not appear as the owner of the indoor space he or she designs, and therefore they need to be well informed about people and their preferences, and to be informed about what they can offer and what the best solution can be. In addition to that, interior designers are expected to be Jacks-of-all-trades since they will inevitably have to cooperate with people from similar areas who also work on creating structural objects, such as architects or builders, and they will also need to collaborate with the potential future occupants of the facility such as business owners or government agencies.

      • Be up to date with the news and the new techniques and trends in the field of interior design.

We are all familiar with the fact that none of us humans is flawless, and the same may definitely apply to interior designers as well. They also have their ups and downs and we all know that, no matter how creative an interior designer might be, all of them can encounter a certain period with the lack of ideas. Therefore, in order to be able to get back in the game and obtain new and fresh ideas, it is mostly important for an interior designer to always be up to date with the news in their field. Thus, one of the best pieces of advice regarding this topic is to recommend an interior designer to read publications and follow websites such as Freshhome (, where they can find new ideas and loads of information from their area.

Since we have listed all these pieces of advice that we hope will appear helpful to all the ones out there who might have considered to take up interior design as their future working position, let us now proceed to create a list of basic skills that an interior designer needs to have:

      • Sense of aesthetics
      • Creativity
      • Resourcefulness
      • Willingness for cooperation
      • Communication skills (believe it or not)
      • Negotiation skills
      • A highly developed portfolio
      • Being ambitious as well as competitive
      • Broad education in various fields : the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.

When it comes to education, it is important to mention that gaining knowledge in various fields is a must for every interior designer who hopes for a successful future career. Therefore, the following part of this article will focus on that topic regarding interior design.

What Does It Take to Getting Properly Educated as an Interior Designer?

The ones who are reading this article have already been informed about the fact that being an interior designer is a highly responsible and demanding working position that requires gaining broad and thorough knowledge in a variety of different fields. The next question that may arise after getting to know this fact is where a person interested in interior design may obtain such knowledge, what formal education programs are offered for interior designers at schools, colleges or universities. Besides, one may ask oneself whether proper education in the field of interior design can be gained through attending various online courses or not and which courses seem to be the best.

Bachelor Studies

When it comes to such responsible working positions such as interior design, the majority of the ones interested in it still do prefer to attend a certain university or a formal educational program rather than to finish an online course. Therefore, here is the list of the best schools for interior design in the United States:

      • New York School of Interior Design; The greatest advantage: it takes most of the students only six months to obtain their degree
      • Parsons The New School for Design; The greatest advantage: the program focuses on commercial design and collaborative work
      • Pratt Institute; The greatest advantage: 93% of the students get a job assignment right after graduation
      • Rhode Island School of Design, has high rankings on the list by Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub
      • Savannah College of Art and Design; The greatest advantage – offers the opportunity to get in touch with and get informed about the other artistic programs and fields
      • Fashion Institute of Technology

This was the list of institutes, schools and colleges in the United States that offer programs in interior design among their curriculum, which have been ranked the highest by the renowned organizations investigating this field, Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub.

This article by no means tends to avoid the bachelor programs offered at the universities in the United States. So, here is the list of those universities as well:

      • Cornell University
      • Drexel University
      • Syracuse University
      • University of Cincinnati – School of Architecture and Interior Design

Master Studies

When it comes to the formal education in the fields that are demanding such as the field of interior design, at a certain point of one’s career, one may come to the conclusion that one needs further education in the field. Therefore, the best solution is to go for a master’s degree. Thus, the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees will be created further in the article.

Online Courses

For the ones out there who would prefer to attend an online course in interior design rather than to enroll in a university that has this program in the curriculum, here is the auspicious news: there is a huge variety of online courses and learning materials that are available for free. In order to assist you in choosing the one most suitable for you, here is the list of the ones with the highest rank:

      • Autodesk Homestyler
      • Decorating Studio
      • Home and Garden Television (Design 101)
      • Principles of Design and Daylighting offered by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
      • Open University
      • Sweet Home 3-D
      • Utah Education Network

Certification and Degree

Various certificates in interior design can be obtained after attending one of the online courses listed above. Furthermore, if someone finishes one of the bachelor programs at the aforementioned universities and schools, one may get Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design. In addition to that, here is the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees in interior design:

      • Master (MA) Environment Design
      • Specialization Course – Territorial Mosaic
      • Master of Interior Architecture
      • Master in Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design and Technology
      • Master in Home Luxury Collection Design.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook for interior designers, it has already been mentioned in this article how this working position is essential when it comes to creating any kind of residential structure and any kind of indoor space and that it is quite ubiquitous and versatile. Therefore, interior designers may work on a variety of facilities, for example, they can engage in industrial design if they prefer to, or they can choose to design private single houses of flats as well as business facilities.


According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), an average annual salary of an interior designer appears to reach $48,840, whereas the expected job growth for this working position, according to the same research, is 4%.

Similar Occupations

We have already pointed out that one of the reasons why interior designers are supposed to gain such broad knowledge in various fields is that they are supposed to cooperate with various people who appear to be engaged in the occupations quite similar to the one of an interior designer. So, here is the list of those similar occupations:

      • Interior Decorator
      • Architect
      • Interior Architect
      • Industrial Designer
      • 3-D Designer

Hopefully, this article will appear helpful for all the readers out there who are interested in what it takes to become an interior designer.

Communications Studies – Careers, Perspectives and Degrees

Communications is the use of messages/ narratives to create meaning both within and across plenty of media, channels, cultures and contexts. The practice through the words, sounds, symbols and language is a crucial for development and progress of civilized society. Effective communication enables us to reach mutual understanding and overcomes in socio- political settings and everyday lives.

Nowadays, it is absolutely clear that communications are much more complex and sophisticated than ever before in history of humanity.


As a two-way process the communication includes a message that must be conveyed through some kind of medium to a recipient. A recipient must understand the message and respond to it within a specific time frame.

Basically, communication process consists of, or can be break down into, a series of components:

SOURCE– usually person who creates and sends a message

MESSAGE– a meaning or stimulus generated by source

CHANNEL– a way in which a message travels between the source and recipient

RECEIVER– an entity, usually a person, who receives, analyzes and interprets the message from the source

FEEDBACK– a response to a message, verbal or nonverbal

ENVIRONMENT– psychological and physical aspects of the communication’s context

INTERFERENCE everything which could be a potential block and change the source’s meaning of the message. 


As a diverse discipline, seeking to understand social, cultural and political processes, organize behavior and generate meanings, communication is relevant to social scientist, scholars of cultural studies alike as humanist.

The Communications study shapes our social interaction, writing and reading skills, but also encourages and polishes critical thinking. It allows us to understand the changing world process and teaches us to deal with it.

Nowadays, we have very high aims and goals in order to understand communication. It has resulted in numerous areas of studies within communications:

  • Communication Theory: The study of how communication impacts human social interaction
  • Communication Education: The study of communication in all pedagogical contexts
  • Health Communication: The study of communication linked to work of health professionals and health education
  • Applied Communication: The study of communication best practices, theory and research which can be use for practical purposes
  • Intercultural and International Communication: The study of cross-cultural communication
  • Interpersonal communication: The study of communication in personal relationships
  • Electronic Media: The study of forms of media- including television, media technology, radio and web design
  • Mass Communication and Media Literacy: The study of mass communication
  • Performance Studies: The study of components within communications discipline- audience, text, performers etc
  • Language and Social Interaction: The study of behaviors, verbal and nonverbal, in social interactions
  • Legal Communication: The study of communication in the legal system
  • Mediation and Dispute Resolution: The study of intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup situations
  • Organizational Communication: The study of social interaction in organizations and communication analyses within organizations.
  • Small Group Communications: The study of communications among three or more persons who have common purpose and influence each other
  • Rhetorical Criticism: Evaluating and analyzing rhetorical artifacts
  • Political Communication: The study of communication in political systems
  • Public Relations: The study of communications between an organization and its audiences
  • Pubic Address: The study of speeches and speakers
  • Speech Communication: The study of speech and human symbolic interaction
  • Semiotics and Philosophy of Communication: The study of communication linked to philosophical frameworks
  • Visual Communication: The study of various visual data/narratives ( in architecture, photography, visual arts, films, advertising, etc) as it relates to communication
  • Theater and Drama: The study of dramatic literature and its production. 


Having been recognized as a very flexible field of study, a background in communications can support careers in almost everything- from the politics and low to the advertising and arts. The globalization in business has been brought closer together through the accessibility and directness of electronic communications and made multi-linguistics and cross-cultural communication skills much more valuable than ever. Owing to technology, these career paths could become even more attractive and needed as the years go by.

Students who graduate with the degree in communications are competitive for various jobs in broadcasting area, public relations, editing or writing field, journalism, fundraising and so on. Also, students can leverage their basic knowledge of communication and became competitive to work in different environments such as government agencies, low, offices, nonprofit organizations, etc.

Professionals skilled in communications can realize and understand the many approach in which people collect, develop, spread and transfer information. They can understand and compare the diversity of communication practices and express the ideas and argue points.

In a variety of circumstances, the professionals who possess a high level of competence in communication, whether they are maintaining interpersonal relationships, spreading information to an audience, providing leadership for group and organizations or fulfilling responsibilities of public citizenship, are  very beneficial and valuable to their employers, members of their professional team and the clients and customers they serve.


The career in communication can lead to an extraordinary professional life with many different paths to advancement and success.

Explore  your abilities and preferences:

All those who intend to commit to an academic and training path in communication, should explore and asses their interests and skills. They should think about their hobbies or about the clubs and practices they were involved in at the high-school level. It is a very important part in all further steps in proper guidance career. For instance, if you gravitated to activities such as debate, school ambassador or similar you will probably enjoy activities of newscaster, but those who enjoy more solitary, under-the-radar groups may find the role to be right and suitable for them.

Earning a Bachelor Degree:

Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts are commonly offered as  an Undergraduate Degree in Communications. While the core framework of the course remains the same in either, students in B.A. focus their studies on topics which are related to liberal arts. They are given a wider understanding of culture, history, society and language linked to the further options. Students in the B.S. program take more science and math related course, also linked to possible letter options.

BA Degree in Communications provides students with opportunities to build their skills and become informed and familiar with the basics in the world of communications. Degree process can be completed in four years of study. However, it is very important that students themselves seek the opportunities. They must build and create their skills independently and make relationships with professors and persons who would be useful for their further career development.

Seeking out practice and relevant experience:

Students need to complete an internship during their BA program and it is one of the Majority of Degrees’ requirements. These experiences can provide students to find out the right fits with their future interests as for as the potential of being hired after the internship is finished.

 Seeking a First Job:

About finding a first job, it is important to note that any experience gained will be very relevant and desirable. A resume with highlighting professional and educational qualifications is understood, regarding to the position. However the news stations or companies understand that is your first job out of school, being able to show how other skill gained along the way will be valuable goes a long way. In order to secure a position, first-time job seekers in communication’s industry should be prepared to move anywhere.


Experts in the field of communication usually have got a few strong skills in common. Some of those are innate skills, but also, they are honed during the pursuit of a secondary degree, and sharpened during the years of experience and practice that comes from working in the communications area.

  • Writing skills– clear and concise writing. It might be the most important medium for communication professionals
  • Speaking skills– It matters greatly being able to speak  clearly and intelligently and pointed to a wide range of people
  • Quick thinking– in communications, those who dealing with the public must be able to think quickly and respond too in a n appropriate manner/way
  • Creativity– almost every job related to communication requires creativity in speech, words or actions
  • Interpersonal skills– requires the ability to get along with everyone and be respectful of differences
  • Organizations– those skills are very important for working in communications requires a great deal of scheduling, agenda, paperwork
  • Internet understanding– professionals in communications must have a firm grasp of social media and internet networks in general

Tools and Technology

Professionals in communications use a variety of technology and tools in their work. The most popular and must-have tools are computers- all kinds: personal, laptops, tablets, Smartphone’s. These devices allow ones to be online, connected, most of the time.

There are many programs, software and tools needed and required in various fields of communications. Technology and tools can be varied which depends on the type and role of employer.

However, the technology needed is based on software that allows professionals to get their message out. This may include: Adobe Systems, Microsoft Office, Oracle Business Intelligence Discoverer Google Analytics, LexisNexis Software and various Social Media Platforms such as Tweeter, Facebook, and Instagram


Further education in communications has plenty of options at  the postsecondary level. Students and future professionals should be able to find the right fit according to their needs. The following degree types are the standard forms of training for communications professionals:

Associate Communications Degree:

Students enrolled in an Associate Communication Degree program learn about the basics of the communications, main skills and knowledge for the entry-level roles. A variety of media forms are covered: online, audio, visual medium and prints. In this program, students are going to learn write  press releases, creating a video clip, addressing public relation issues, developing a portfolio. After graduated on Associate programs they may go on work in journalism, radio, public relations or media.

The Associate Program common classes include:

  • Fundamentals of Speech
  • Business Communications
  • Interpersonal Communications

Fundamentals of Speech includes oral communication and public speaking as well as equipping students with the set of skills they need to confidently and effectively address a wide range audience. Students gain  skills in classes such as understanding of appropriate topics for different audiences, ability to create a keyword list and outline, different audience engagement techniques, etc

Business Communication classes provide students with a vocabulary of common business terms. They learn about different types of business environments and how to speak professionally to clients, colleagues, supervisors etc. Students learn how to prepare a professional presentation and other skills such as awareness of a variety of communication styles for different business settings and appropriate behavior in business environments.

Interpersonal Communication classes equipping students with all the skills needed for interaction among many different types of people. They also learn about styles of communication, active listening, interviewing techniques, crisis management etc. During and after classes, the student will gain  the ability to interpret communication styles and choose a suitable option in a specific situation and be able to understand how factors like culture, gender or age may affect interpersonal communication. After all, the best practices in interpersonal communication will be adopted.

Bachelor’s Communications Degree:

During the four years of  Bachelor’s degree study program in communications, students learns practical skills to succeed in future efforts with special emphasis on creating strong and clear communication in a variety of mediums. Graduates of communication degree will have a toolbox filled with effective strategies- whether engaging audiences for on social media platforms, making a clear brand for a client or writing copy for a grassroots promotion. Bachelor’s program   allows students to select a concentration including public relation, political communications or options in marketing communications.

Graduates may go on to the positions as journalist, writers, public relation specialists or speech writers.

Bachelor’s Degree Program common classes include:

  • Writing for Digital Platforms
  • Persuasive Communications
  • Group Communications

Writing for Digital Platforms course introduce to students a different style of writing, especially for numerous online and digital platforms. Students learn how to craft engaging and appropriate content for different mediums as well as how to leverage each platform successfully. These classes equipped students with the ability to use different writing and communication styles based on platform and specific audiences. Students achieve awareness of the different mediums available for digital communications and well understandings of digital platforms and communications strategies.

Persuasive Communications classes serve to students to develop useful persuasion and negotiation techniques. During the course, students learn how to craft thoughtful and cohesive communication, written and oral, to persuade their audiences. Finally, owing to this course, student will gain valuable skills like effective persuasion techniques and historical understanding of how persuasion can be used in negotiation processes.

Group Communications course provides students with the tools and skills they need to be effective mediators of group communications. The students will be familiar with the topics such as group- thinking, crisis management, team development and understand how group dynamic affect communication style.

Furthermore, they will gain ability to facilitate communication among different types of people and developing communication strategies to address clients and stakeholders.

Master’s Communications Degrees:

Those who undertake a master’s degree, have abilities and motivation to work as directors of communications for international or large national organization or assume a high-level position in the government. This program will prepare graduates for advanced and executive-level role in developing their previous gained skills and fine- shaping communication strategies. The program emphasizes instilling and understanding the methodology and theory as well as exposing students to advanced research in the field.

Master’s Communications Program common classes include:

  • Social Media Communication
  • Global Strategic Communication
  • Communication Research Methods

Social Media Communication classes are related to digital medium and networking platform. It is provided learning about   crafting the right message for the specific types of users, different methodologies behind content creation and delving into theories on how to best engage with viewers, audiences. The graduated will be able to understand how social media metrics can be analyzed to gain greater user inside. The students gain  the ability to craft thoughtful and appropriate content and   knowledge about how different types of social media are used by a range of individuals.

Global Strategic Communication course helps students to develop their own voice for international audiences throughout the case studies which are employed to demonstrate effective and ineffective strategies. Students will learn how to implement a proper communication plan on a worldwide scale, as one of the main objective.   Afterwards, graduated will learn how to evaluate effectiveness of global communication and how to gain ability to design constructive communication for international audiences.  .

Communication Research Methods class review theory, methodology and tools used in communication in order to give students an insider’s understanding of how to lead their own research in the field. The graduated of the Master’s Degree program will be familiar with different tools used for data analysis and be able to understand how different methods and frameworks elicit varied findings. Also, they will gain ability to design and implement a proper research study.

PhD Communication Degrees

Students who choose to continue their education,  pursuing a PhD in communications are absorbed in a curriculum that not only develops their skills in the discipline, but draws attention to cultural, social, historical, political and economic views to understand the role of communications in humanity. The students have to be prepared to provide a significant   and unique research and produce a dissertation prior to graduation. This is the highest level of education and those who complete it, go on to teaching positions in universities and institutions.

PhD common classes include:

  • Public Communication Ethics
  • Teaching Communications
  • Data Analysis in Communication

Public Communication Ethics course deal with the ethical questions involved in communication processes with  the public. During the course, students read the case studies of situations where the ethical decision is not always clear and are invited to discuss about it. After finishing the course students are able to identify ethical issues and understand ethical principles surrounding public relations, journalism and broadcasting. They will also be very clear about how advertising and news can be manipulated

Teaching Communications classes learn students about common models of teaching and look at communication as an academic discipline. Future professors learn to develop their own teaching styles. They will also gain awareness of various teaching and learning styles and approaches. Most of all they will be able to understand the relationship between theory and practice in the teaching process.

Data Analysis in Communication course provides to students a proper knowledge about qualitative and quantitative research methods used in the field- casual models regression, sampling, correlation. Owing to this course, students gain ability to create analyze data, gathered through research studies and understand the main techniques for gathering and analyzing data, as well as the ethical implications surrounding the collection of data.


The following list presents the median salaries for the most popular job titles in communications:

  • Radio Broadcaster : $ 44,030
  • Event Planner : $50,910
  • Broadcast News Analyst: $84,380
  • Promotion Manager: $ 114, 700
  • Fundraising Manager: $ 115,400
  • Public Relation Specialist: $64,050
  • Writer : $ 67,870
  • Market Research Analyst: $ 61, 290
  • Art Director:$ 85,610
  • Top Executive: $ 173,320
  • Administrative Services Manager: $83, 790
  • SEO specialist: $72,500-$97,500
  • Social media manager: $67,000-$93,000
  • Web analytics specialist: $80,000-$106,250


Owing to the globalization process, technology and business grow their global presence. Communication has become incredibly important nowadays. Many jobs in communications are growing fast such as that of event planners, which will grow 33 percent between 2012 and 2022. Some jobs are growing as fast as average, such as fundraising manager at 13 percent, public relations specialist at 12 percent. But, a few professions in the communication field will experience slow growth, such as writers, with only a three percent increase between 2012 and 2020.

Event planners will be at the head of cross- cultural and international convention planning owing to the  global presence of business as well as public relations specialists.  These with expertise in social media might see the best prospects and anyone who has built a reputation and had a skills-set in the world of social media will be desirable and have the very best job opportunities in communications position.

Job Titles for Professionals with a Background in Communications


  • Reporters and Correspondents
  • Newscasters
  • Editors
  • Script Writers
  • Technical Writers

 Print and Electronic Publishing

  • Authors
  • Copy Writers
  • Editors
  • Desktop Publishers
  • Prepress Technicians
  • Printing Machine Operators
  • Bindery Workers and Machine Operators


  • Managers
  • Sales Managers and Representatives
  • Buyers and Purchasing Agents
  • Personnel Recruiters
  • Human Recourses Managers and Coordinators
  • Labor Relations Managers
  • Advertising Managers
  • Customer Service
  • Public Information Officers
  • Corporate Training Specialists

Marketing and Advertising

  • Media Planners and Buyers
  • Marketing Managers and Specialists
  • Media Salespersons
  • Creative Directors
  • Market Research Analysts
  • Advertising Managers

Arts and Humanities

  • Stage Managers
  • Script Writers
  • Set Designers
  • Casting Directors
  • Performing Artists


  • University Professors
  • Educational Administrator
  • Secondary Speech Forensics/Debate Coach
  • Admissions Counselor
  • Theatre and Drama Professors

Government and Politics

  • Campaign Directors
  • Lobbyists
  • Legislative Assistants
  • Research Specialists
  • Elected Officials

Public Relations

  • Public Relations Managers and Specialists
  • Publicity Managers
  • Media Planners
  • Advertising Managers
  • Media Analyst

International Relations

  • Cultural Advisers and Liaisons
  • International Business Consultants
  • Translators and Interpreters
  • Diplomats and Ambassadors
  • Foreign Correspondents
  • Language Specialists


  • Public Defenders
  • District Attorneys
  • Corporate Lawyers
  • Legal Reporters
  • Private Practice Lawyers
  • Legal Reporters
  • Mediation & Negotiation Specialists

How to Become a Journalist – Journalism Degrees & Careers

The fact on which the majority of the readers might agree is that many people among the ones they know, or maybe even themselves, have at least once dreamed of or even seriously considered becoming a journalist as their potential future career. Where the root of that phenomenon might lie and where is it to be sought by all the ones interested in the process of picking one’s career? There is a huge variety of answers to that question. One of them might be the fact that people tend to have a desire or a passion, to gather and be up to date with a broad range of information that is piling over our heads, especially in the recent few years and due to the new technologies and the technology development in general.

Journalism – an Admirable Vocation

Therefore, if all the reasons listed in the paragraph above did not manage to persuade you in the fact that journalism might be one of the most popular job positions and one of the most desirable and admirable careers, the aim of this article may be to try to talk you into changing your opinion towards journalism and appreciate it more. That will be done through bringing up interesting facts about the profession and also creating a guide on how to start up and develop an utterly successful career as a journalist. On the other hand, let us not forget the ones who see the vocation this article is about as one of the most challenging, compelling, interesting and fruitful among all the ones out there, even regardless of all the facts that were listed in the paragraph above. If some of these people have ever considered taking up journalism as their true profession, this article will help them set up their business, develop a successful career, and enjoy their work, of course.

Journalism – Versatile Vocation

It is a mistake to think journalists only pop up at the places where interesting events are taking place or that they only do interviews of famous people, just to be given a chance to at least take a peek into the glamorous life that celebrities lead. Such statements should be nothing but false since they are founded on implausible arguments that can easily be disproved by bringing up some grounded facts and compelling evidence on how versatile journalism is.

To sum up, journalists in can:

  • make interviews
  • gather the information
  • write articles, reports, columns and news.
  • work on the television/the radio

What Do the Journalists in the Press Do?

The first difference is between the journalists who work for the press, in other words, those who write articles or the other types of textual content for various magazines. When it comes to such people, it is crucial to mention that they are not only expected to be witty, exceptionally informed and to be creative writers, but also to be quite communicative, to know how to approach people in order to get the information they need. In addition to all of that, the journalists who write for newspapers are also supposed to develop a great collaboration with photographers, since an article would appear totally unattractive and dull if it were not accompanied by any photos. The contemporary world somehow depends on the pictures, images and visual material and content in general. We live in a culture in which everything tends to be speeding up, our lives as well as the flow of the information we are floated with each day. Therefore, journalists might have the most complex task of staying up to date with all that content, bringing it up to the audience and the readers, and also collaborating with the suitable photographers whose photos will breathe life and fresh energy into their articles and text content. Since articles were mentioned a few times, it would be good to stress that they are not the only type and form of textual content that journalists write.

What Do the Journalist on the Television Do?

Although the previous paragraph was mostly focused on the journalists who write various types of textual content, this article by no means tends to neglect or exclude the journalists who work for the television and their contribution to journalism as a vocation. Those who work for the television, or those who used to work on the radio in previous times, which now seems to be quite outdated, are a crucial part of the profession itself. At the beginning, it is important to stress that communication skills are crucial for ones who work on television. As a phenomenon known as writer’s block may occur to the journalists who write for newspapers, the ones who work on the television may almost never let themselves get tongue-tied, especially when they need to go live. That is what makes the journalism on television even more stressful than the one resorted to writing for newspapers or magazines. The journalists who work on television should develop their communication skills up to a level much higher than it is expected for their colleagues who work as writers.

Extreme working conditions

The other explanation of the phenomenon of why numerous people imagine themselves as journalists and see journalism as their dream career might lie in the fact that this profession often tends to be referred to as a profession that is extremely related to adventure, challenges, or even excitement. One cannot disprove such a statement because such a statement may be grounded by the fact that journalists are actually the ones who are expected to be present at the very spot of an important event, and usually when the situation is heating up and reaching its climax. A great number of journalists throughout the history were sent to the very theatres of war, where they worked side by side with the soldiers, sharing and bearing their brunt as well, giving reports and news about the events from the most dangerous places and venues one can only imagine. Even many household names of modern literature have faced such a destiny of a war theatre journalist, such as famous and world renowned writer and journalist from the twentieth century, George Orwell, the author of a compelling and disturbing novel called ‘’1984”.

Work Environment

In order not to be repetitive, this part will be slightly shorter, since some facts about possible working environments of journalists have already been mentioned above. The most extreme examples would be the ones of the journalists who appear as reporters at the venues where war is outraging. A slightly less extreme example of possible work environments would be bringing up the news from the venues where various citizen riots or protests take place. Working in such environments appears risky and unsettling. Therefore, journalists need to be prepared for any unexpected circumstances and to know how to maintain their mental balance. Nonetheless, it is well known that not all of us are capable of taking up such risks and facing such dangerous situations in order to basically do our job. Therefore, many journalists who might be less adventurous but equally passionate about their job, resort to working in an office together with their colleagues or even take their work home. Taking their work home is mostly popular among the freelance journalists, who are definitely numerous since freelancing, in general, is gaining popularity. Working in an office and being surrounded by their colleagues is beneficial for journalists since they are supposed to cooperate among themselves as well as with photographers.

How to Become a Journalist

As it has been previously said, journalism is by no means a piece of cake, but a complex working position with a whole load of requirements. Therefore, simply being passionate about this vocation and imagining yourself casually walking around in a trench coat with a cigarette in the corner of your lips and a questioning look while you are in search of the answers to your questions will not be enough to become a real journalist. To obtain a successful career in this profession, first of all, one needs to be quite skillful, well informed about various facts and to always be up to date with the upcoming events and current movements in their local community as well as in their country and the world as a whole.

  • First Tip – Hone Your Skills!

Sometimes, especially if a person has just set out to start their career as a journalist, they will be supposed to appear as a jack-of-all-trades. A similar situation may occur to the ones who work as professional interpreters – they will be expected to be informed about the fields they by no means have experience in, to be familiar with the terminology of such areas of human knowledge and to be able to translate such terms. The same situation might occur to journalists, especially the young ones – they will be asked to write or talk about the topics they are not quite familiar with, the topics that exceed their field of expertise. Therefore, a successful journalist should always be eager to broaden his or her knowledge and get the information from various areas.

  • Get Well-Educated

Nevertheless, being eager to hone your skills and broaden your knowledge would be far from enough if you were headed to a successful career as a journalist. To obtain all the communication and language skills that are required, such as pronunciation, orthography, learning how to interview people etc., one needs to pass a process of serious education that should be followed by practical training afterwards, similar as in most of the professions people engage in.

  • Pick the Right Educational Program

Most of the universities in various states have departments of journalism among the ones to choose from in their curriculum. Journalism is usually related to such universities that are mostly dedicated to human studies or politics. If one has decided to take up journalism as their profession, one might pick up a suitable department at a certain university that has it on its list of departments. Nonetheless, some people decide to resort to journalism despite not having finished a university program or any educational program in that field. Most of them become independent journalists that work for independent newspapers or choose freelancing as the most suitable job option for them.

  • Resort to Informal Education

Regardless of this fact and the possibility to become a journalist even if your did not have much contact with the field, many young people are keen on getting a university diploma, and some of them choose to get theirs in journalism. Thus, the significance of the university programs that enable one to specialize in this field should by no means be underestimated. It is also important to mention that there actually is a slight difference between the journalists who have undergone a university program and those who have not. This is applied especially to the ones who desire to work on the television, since university programs tend to provide them with lectures in pronunciation and public speech, which will be the essential skills in their future career.

  • Consider Postgraduate Studies

If one decides to attend a university and apply for the studies in journalism, one should pick the right university that is suitable as well as affordable for them and get their diploma. After getting a bachelor degree in journalism, there is still a slightly long way to go before becoming a highly educated journalist. Therefore, after having successfully completed ones’ bachelor studies, one should consider applying for the right program of masters in journalism. There is a number of possibilities when it comes to this, and there is a list of recommended programs as well. This article will bring some of them up in order to assist future proficient and highly educated journalists in making the right choice.


Bachelor Studies

The same as it works for other professions, journalists of any type (because there are a few, which will be listed later on in the article) must undergo an educational process and take up a certain program that is suitable for the job position they desire and that will provide them with skills required for that position. If a future journalist wishes to work for the newspapers that are considered the household names, such as The Washington Post, The New York Times, or some magazines related to popular science such as National Geography, such people will need to get a bachelor’s degree in journalism from a university accredited by their state. Since journalism is related to areas of expertise such as philology, literature and politics, those are the profiles of the university departments that a person who desires to become a journalist should apply for.

Practical Work

Besides having broad theoretical knowledge about journalism as a vocation, one should by no means neglect honing one’s practical skills while preparing to start a career in this field. In order to become a successful journalist, all the bachelor students ought to work hard on perfecting their practical skills through working in certain publishing houses or offices, writing for magazines that are not so famous or students’ magazines in order to get the feeling of what it is like to be a journalist and what it takes to build a career in that field. When it comes to the journalists who work on the television, they ought to become self-convinced in order to prevent the obstacles such as getting tongue-tied from happening.

Master Studies

On the other hand, after one has successfully finished one’s bachelor studies and got out of the university with a bachelor’s degree, one has by no means get to the end of the path that leads to a fruitful career in journalism. There is still a long way to go, and the next step on that way should be applying for the right master’s program in journalism. Some suggestions of the best options will be listed in this article. Many of the best world’s masters journalists’ programs are available at the universities in the United States.

Here is the list:

  • The University of Southern California
  • Berkley University
  • The University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • The University of Pennsylvania
  • State University

The list was formed according to the research conducted under the name QS World University Rankings by Subject 2016. Among this admirably wide range of opportunities, all the postgraduate students of journalism could definitely choose the one suitable for them.

Informal Education

Except for taking up a university program in journalism, which is a part of the formal education, one can also resort to attending a particular school in journalism, which is available in London, for example, or one could also decide to take up an online course, which is labeled as informal education.

Certification and Degree

Having conducted a thorough research on journalism as a job opportunity and on whether it is a sound investment of one’s money, strength and hard work or not, it is easy to conclude that the majority of the clients who employ journalists, such as the ones who work for the most famous and renowned publishing and newspaper houses, consider at least a bachelor’s degree as a must when it comes to employing a journalist. A bachelor’s degree is widely considered as the main requirement for journalists on various positions, such as reporters, editors and copy editors as well as new media journalists and photojournalists. Therefore, it is important to stress that if one desires to work for a serious and widely renowned newspaper house, one must pass a university program successfully, or in other words, a program in formal education. On the contrary, if a person perceives journalism as their additional job, simply completing a certain online course in journalism would be sufficient. The same applies to the ones who work as freelance journalists.

If a bachelor’s degree is considered a must when it comes to applying for a job position in a serious and affirmed house, master’s degree would only be a plus in the same case.


There is a research that has been conducted by the website on the job outlook for the job position of a journalist. The results present the avaerage annual salary for different types of journalist.

Here is the list:

  • Editors and Copy Editors – $64,910
  • Reporters – $46,650
  • New Media Journalists – $46,560
  • Photojournalists – $40,280.

A remarkable and interesting fact is that, as it appears, editors and copy editors tend to earn way higher salaries than their colleagues do.

Job Outlook

When it comes to ob outlook, one can decide on one’s particular position as a journalist according to one’s preferences, since journalism is a profession that offers a variety of positions. For example, one can decide to become a reporter if one is keen on preparing articles and gathering news for newspapers, magazines, radio or television. If that is not your cup of tea, there are many more opportunities. If you are passionate and well-informed about culture and topical events, you may work as a columnist. If this does not reach your expectations, there is a possibility to work as an editor or a copy editor or you can choose to work as a photojournalist if you wish to combine journalism with photography. Besides, you can also resort to working as a freelancer, for example, on some of the many online platforms or websites.

To sum up, here are the most common working positions for journalists:

  • Reporter
  • Editor/Copy Editor
  • New Media Journalist
  • Columnist
  • Photojournalist

Similar Occupations

It has already been mentioned that there is a range of vocations similar to journalism. The first ones that come to mind are the ones dedicated to language and literature, such as the professions of a writer, interpreter or a translator. Besides, journalism is extremely connected to photography. Therefore, journalists should grasp every chance to cooperate with the ones who work in the fields listed, as that would be beneficial for both sides.