How to Become an Industrial Designer?

The majority of us out here are quite familiar with the fact that industry, as well as a huge variety of industrial facilities, are all around us and they are everywhere to be seen. This is so, since industry is one of the fields of human activity that measures constant and increasing growth since its well-known and great outburst, which traces back to the nineteenth century and the period that we nowadays know and recognize as the very beginning of the contemporary world, the one we know and live among right now. Therefore, industry is indisputably a field to which all of us need to pay utmost attention – all of us out there should at least get the basic information about the world of industry, which, and we will all agree on that, literally makes our world go around.

What is This Working Position about?

Thus, many people engaged in various working positions are dedicated to striving to make the growth of industry increase for even a greater deal and they also strive to help industry set the  path to its further development. Some of the working positions that should be connected to industry are design and architecture. However, if we would like to break these versatile vocations down into more strictly specialized disciplines, we may easily conclude that a discipline known as the industrial design will definitely pop up in such an analysis. Therefore, that is exactly what this article will be about. The aim of this article is to help the ones who desire to dedicate their lives and careers to working in the field of industrial design, but it also aims to give interesting pieces of information to the ones who are simply interested in getting to know the field of industrial design better.

Essential Vocation

We have already mentioned in the introduction to this article that industry is the field of human activity that appears to be the foundation of the contemporary world as a whole and it does not cease to measure constant growth and development.

In order for the industry to go for such a rapid development, many requirements should be reached. First of all, the ones who work in the versatile field of industry must be provided with sufficient working conditions as well as with the facilities that will have all the properties needed for completing their work successfully. Besides, in order for the industry to keep developing, it is essential to work on the development of technology and the mass production of technological devices.

That is the point at which industrial designers take over the stage and perform their magic. Hence, a working position of an industrial designer really sets serious requirements in front of the ones who desire to get engaged in it. This is a working position that comes along with a great number of responsibilities. In addition to that, in an ever-growing field of industry, with industrial facilities popping up from everywhere, employing a huge number of industrial designers is a must. Therefore, this working position, which many of us have not even heard of and thus it is underestimated, is essential.

An Often Mistaken Vocation

Before we proceed to the rest of the article and reveal the secrets of the working position of an industrial designer, it is mostly important to point out that this working position should by no means be mistaken with some other vocations that are quite similar, but definitely not the same. For example, the first vocation that many of us tend to mistake with industrial design is interior design. Although these two positions have much in common, there are also sharp differences between them. Here is a list that presents some of those differences:

  • Industrial designers have more responsibilities than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay more attention to the safety and utilizing components of a facility or a product than interior designers
  • Industrial designers pay less attention to aesthetics, and more attention to the safety and usefulness than interior designers
  • Industrial designers must be highly informed about technology and be up to date on that field and they also need to obtain computing skills.

In addition to that, industrial designers should be more familiar with the field of industry, whereas interior designers are supposed to be mostly familiar with art and even human studies, in order to be able to communicate and negotiate with their clients and in order to reach their expectations.

Now that we have covered these differences, we may proceed to the next part of the article that will reveal some more specific facts about industrial design in particular.

What Do Industrial Designers Do?

From the very name of the vocation, it is obvious that this working position is tightly bonded with the world of industry, which we pointed out is constantly developing and growing. Since technology is one of the areas that appears to measure constant development, the ones engaged in industry often resort to dedicating their work to producing technological devices. That is the point at which industrial designers, who this article is about, are inevitable.

The main task of industrial designers is to create and design mass produced goods, such as various vehicles and various devices, for example, television, computers and a broad range of all the other gadgets and devices one may think of. Therefore, they need to be highly educated and they are supposed to be familiar not only with the field of design but with the fields of industry and technology, as well. Besides, they need to pay utmost attention to creating such a product that will be safe to use and that will be utilizing for the customers it is offered to. Thus, being an industrial designer is a highly responsible vocation and it requires thorough education, as well as a lot of practice and training.

Work Environment

It has already been mentioned in this article that the vocation of a designer is quite versatile itself and therefore there is a number of specialized vocations derived from it that are similar to each other and often mistaken one for the other, such as graphic design, interior design and industrial design. However, one of the things they definitely have in common is the fact that all of them, in most cases, can be performed in almost the same types of work environment.

Therefore, here is a list of certain places or venues where an industrial designer may get down to work:

  • Co-working space (offers a great opportunity for cooperation in the similar fields)
  • An office
  • An industrial facility
  • Manufacturing industrial firms
  • Working online from home/a cafe on internet websites and platforms such as: Upwork , Freelancer

How to Become a Successful Industrial Designer?

We hope that this article has grasped your interests so far and that we are now having your attention as well since the following paragraph will be dedicated especially to the ones who maybe desire to get engaged in industrial design or the ones who have at least considered it as their possible future occupation. Therefore, here are some of the requirements in the field of industrial design.

  • Get properly educated.

What is essential regarding almost any of work occupations, especially the ones that bring as many responsibilities as it is the case with industrial design, one must finish an education program in the field. One may choose a formal educational one or an informal educational one and one must thus obtain a certain degree or certificate in order to get only the basic qualifications for the job at stake.

  • Gain broad knowledge and be eager to broaden it even more.

Once one has got one’s Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in the field of industrial design, one’s education is by no means over at that point. A person engaged in the field of industrial design should be aware of the fact how versatile that field is and how broad knowledge in various other fields it requires. Therefore, those industrial designers must be constantly eager to broaden their knowledge and to be familiar with similar fields, such as graphic design. They also need to be well informed about technology and new technological breakthroughs and demands.

  • Be up to date with your field.

Many working positions require the one engaged in them to be up to date on all the news regarding that field. Moreover, since the field of industry and the field of technology, which is tightly bonded with it, are measuring constant development and increased growth, the ones engaged in industrial design must always be up to date with the latest news in these fields. Furthermore, they must apply all the new breakthroughs in their work, as well.

  • Practice makes perfect.

The aforementioned phrase is by no means a cliché, especially when it comes to certain working positions, such as the working position of an industrial designer. When a person has successfully completed an education program and got a degree or certificate, that person should definitely not stop perfecting their skills. Therefore, all the ones who aim for successful careers in the field of industrial design should start with less demanding beginner’s assignments that will provide them with the opportunity to practice and hone their skills before going big and aiming for the most complex tasks and positions.

  • Cooperation is an option for winners.

If you want to be considered successful in the field of industrial design, you should definitely follow the strategy of the real winners in this field and try to learn from them. In other words, the best way to set a path for your own successful career and to open new opportunities for yourself is to cooperate with the ones who work in your field and the ones dedicated to similar work occupations. In order to make their business boom and to gain more opportunities, all industrial designers should resort to cooperating with technology engineers as well as with graphic designers. Therefore, they will always receive fresh and new ideas and they will also view their working tasks from a different angle, which will help them think outside the box and dedicate to their tasks more thoroughly.

In addition to taking up these pieces of advice, someone who is engaged in the field of industrial design and aims to become successful in the field must have certain skills, such as:

  • Creativity
  • Resourcefulness
  • Ability to come up with solutions and ideas quickly
  • Knowledge in computing and informatics
  • Knowledge in industry as well as design
  • Willingness to cooperate with the colleagues from the same field and similar fields

Nevertheless, having gone through all these facts that show how different industrial design is from interior design, industrial designers may always reap the benefits of using their opportunity to cooperate with their colleagues from similar fields, architects, graphic designers and interior designers in the first place.

Education and Training for a Successful Industrial Designer

In order to be able to take up a certain profession, one must usually go through a program of education first. The same definitely applies to the working position of an industrial designer as well. If one desires to become an industrial designer, one must complete a certain educational program. It is up to every person to decide whether it will be a formal education program or they will resort to informal education since one may become an industrial designer without attending a university that has this program among their curriculum. Therefore, in order to reach the expectations and inform all the ones interested in industrial design, this article will bring up both the opportunities in formal and informal education when it comes to the field mentioned.

The importance of education for industrial designers is obvious from the fact that a highly renowned society dedicated to this field, Industrial Designers Society of America, pays utmost attention to education in particular. The mission to increase the efficiency of education is the key component of their Strategic Plan.

ID Schools

There is a list of industrial design schools made by Industrial Designers Society of America and it includes schools and university programs that have an IDSA Student Chapter and that are also accredited by National Association of Schools of Art and Design. Those schools have been given the accreditation because they provide their students with an efficient education that will enable them to gain the proper knowledge and practice in the field of industrial design.

Therefore, here is the list of those university programs for future industrial designers that were top ranked by IDSA:

  • Alabama: Auburn University
  • Arizona: Arizona State University
  • California:
  • Academy of Art at the University
  • Art Centre College of Design
  • Art Institute of Orange Country
  • California College of the Arts
  • Otis College of Art and Design, California State University – Long Beach
  • San Francisco State University
  • San Hose State University
  • Colorado:
  • Art Institute of Colorado
  • Metropolitan State University of Denver
  • Connecticut: University of Bridgeport’s Shintaro Akatsu School of Design
  • Florida: An Institute of Fort Lauderdale
  • Georgia:
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Savannah College of Art and Design
  • Illinois:
  • Southern Illinois University
  • The School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • University of Illinois-Chicago
  • University of Illinois Urbana-Campaign
  • Indiana:
  • Purdue University
  • University of Notre Dame
  • Iowa: Iowa State University
  • Kansas:
  • University of Kansas
  • Kansas State University
  • Louisiana: University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • Massachusetts:
  • Massachusetts College of Art and Design
  • Wentworth Institute of Technology
  • Michigan:
  • College of Creative Studies
  • Kendall College of Art and Design
  • Northern Michigan University, University of Michigan
  • Wayne State University
  • New Jersey:
  • Kean University
  • Montclair State University
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology
  • New York:
  • Parsons the New School of Design
  • Pratt Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • School of Visual Arts
  • Syracuse University
  • North Carolina:
  • Appalachian State University
  • NC State University – College of Design
  • Ohio:
  • Cleveland Institute of Art
  • Ohio State University
  • Oregon:
  • Art Institute of Portland
  • University of Oregon
  • Pennsylvania:
  • Art Institute of Pittsburg
  • Carnegie-Mellon University
  • Integrated Innovation Institute
  • Drexel University
  • Philadelphia University
  • Rhode Island: Rhode Island School of Design
  • Texas: University of Houston
  • Utah: Brigham Young University
  • Virginia:
  • James Madison University
  • Virginia Tech
  • Washington:
  • Art Institute of Seattle, University of Washington
  • Western Washington University
  • Wisconsin: Milwaukee Institute for Art and Design

Is your head already spinning from the number of universities that have the best industrial design programs among their curriculum? Since education matters, the whole list made by IDSA was included in this article.

Bachelor and Master Studies

One who wants to get engaged in the field of industrial design must strive to obtain a broad and thorough education, as it has been previously mentioned in this article. Therefore, this article provides the readers with the pieces of information about the huge number of the opportunities and recommended programs to choose from, which can be seen in the list above. When it comes to the degree, most of the aforementioned programs offer both Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree, and some of them offer a PhD degree as well.

Practical Work and Career Development

After completing any of the education programs mentioned or completing an online course in industrial design successfully, one must go for further development, in order to perfect one’s skills and obtain some practical experience, which is essential no matter what working position may be at stake. Therefore, this article will present you an interesting and extraordinary opportunity to combine industrial design and healthcare. Since industrial designers work on various applications and devices, sometimes they may get a task to work on a certain healthcare digital device. Thus, if any of you out there who are engaged in industrial design are interested in combining it with healthcare, honing your skills and contributing to medicine all at the same time, you may be interested in attending webinars and courses or taking up practical apprenticeship programs sponsored by the widely renowned Philips company.

Certification and Degree

When it comes to the degrees that can be obtained in the system of formal education, here are the ones that can be acquired after having successfully completed some of the programs at the universities from the list given above:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Products Design
  • Master’s Degree in Industrial Design
  • PhD in Industrial Design

If one does not have a degree or a valid certificate in the field of industrial design, one may still have a chance to become an industrial designer regardless. But, one must be ready to engage in non-paid internship first in order to show one’s skills to the client and convince them one is capable of working and reaching the requirements.


According to the results of the research conducted in the year 2015 by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, average annual salary of an industrial designer reaches the amount of $ 69,820, whereas the predicted job growth was marked with 2%.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook of an industrial designer, since this is a versatile vocation, they have various opportunities in front of themselves they can choose from when starting their career. For example, the most common occupation of an industrial designer is to work in certain manufacturing firms. In addition to that, they can cooperate with business persons engaged in the fields of industry and technology, since the main task of every industrial designer is to design mass produce goods, various vehicles and devices. When it comes to devices, industrial designers may also wish to combine their working position with healthcare and to produce medical devices for the companies such as Philips.

It is important to point out that there are numerous occupations similar to industrial design, such as interior design, graphic design and architecture, so they can always become a part of a multi-professional co-working space.

Similar Occupations

It is widely known and commonly accepted that the field of design is quite broad and versatile and that the field is strongly related to the one of architecture, as well. Therefore, when it comes to the working position of an industrial designer, in particular, it is obvious that this position is connected to various other positions, such as interior design, interior architecture, or even graphic design. Thus, industrial designers have many opportunities for cooperation with their colleagues from similar vocations, but they also tend to have their working position mistaken with the similar ones, especially with interior design. Therefore, we will mark the difference of the main preoccupations and tasks of an industrial designer and confront it to the ones of an interior designer:

Industrial designer

  • deals with design aspects of mass produced goods
  • they design vehicles, computers and a variety of other gadgets and devices

Interior designer

  • deals with designing homes and offices
  • pays more attention to aesthetics than to the function of the product

Hopefuly, this article will appear interesting and helpful to both the ones engaged in the working position of industrial design and the ones simply interested in this occupation.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

It is widely known and commonly accepted that all of us are fond of finding ourselves in comfortable surroundings, whether it is referred to a venue, a room or a building as a whole, since all of us tend to feel more comfortable and thus more productive when we find ourselves in the surroundings that come up to our needs and preferences. Therefore, when one finds oneself in such a pleasant venue, one’s mood immediately tends to improve as well and thus they become more friendly and capable of both doing their regular daily tasks and taking up various activities. And, have any of you, readers out there, ever wondered who we should thank for providing us with cozy and snug surrounding that we feel comfortable in and also for providing us with facilities specialized for performing certain activities in them?

Whom Should We Thank for Pleasant Indoor Surroundings?

The answer is – interior designers! Anyone who came up with that very answer would be correct, because, when it comes to the working position of an interior designer, they are the ones who all of us should be grateful to for providing us with venues that satisfy our needs and reach our expectations. Therefore, this article dedicates mostly to the lovely working position of an interior designer, with an aim to reveal what that working position exactly entails.

Besides, there might be some among the readers out there who possibly have a desire to give a chance to the career this article is about. Maybe some of them are already interested in becoming true and professional interior designers, who should be widely admired. Therefore, this article will, hopefully, not only be interesting, but it will also appear helpful to the ones who see themselves as interior designers in nearer or further future. So, let us get down to revealing the secrets of the beautiful vocation of an interior designer!

Essential Vocation

First of all, let us get one thing straight. We are all quite familiar with the fact that our very civilization would by no means be able to function if it was not for indoor surroundings of any kind, whether those are various venues, facilities specialized for a certain purpose, private family houses, or buildings with private flats or public places and facilities such as schools, hospitals, etc. Besides, it has already been mentioned in this article that people tend to feel more comfortable and thus appear more productive provided that they have found themselves in comfortable indoors surroundings. What is also essential, especially when it comes to certain specialized facilities where people work, it is important that these facilities offer them the possibility to be surrounded by the tools of their trade, or in other words, to offer them the possibility to easily access anything they might need for completing their work and reaching the requirements set for them.

Therefore, someone has to provide such a huge variety of facilities with all the utensils required and to make them comfortable as well. And that is the point at which we need to call for a professional and a creative interior designer. Therefore, interior designers are essential when it comes to organizing any residential structure, room or venue and thus they should be widely admired.

Ubiquitous Vocation

We have already determined what the basic responsibility of any interior designer is, which is to create an indoor space in the way that it will be both comfortable and useful for the ones who spend their time there, whether they live there, work, or spend their leisure time in a certain facility. Besides, indoor surroundings tend to pop up from everywhere, isn’t that so? Well, it is obvious that we are surrounded by various buildings and residential structures, whether we live in a rural or an urban area. Therefore, various buildings are something that is more than ubiquitous in our very world and all of us would agree on that. Thus, all of those structures have their indoor space that will be used for a certain purpose and they must have that indoor space planned by someone. Those who will organize the indoors of various facilities are interior designers. And, since the buildings they work on are ubiquitous, the working position of an interior designer is ubiquitous as well, since they are needed everywhere along with their creativity and ideas.

What Do Interior Designers Do?

Some of the perks of being an interior designer by vocation have already been mentioned in this article, such as the fact that their work is essential and their working environment ubiquitous. Nevertheless, apart from numerous perks, the working position of an interior designer brings various responsibilities along as well. Besides, this working position also requires attaining and honing various skills and having numerous qualities apart from being extremely creative and able to come up with different solutions quickly when it comes to organizing a certain indoor space. To cut the long story short, we will now get down to explaining what the desirable working position of an interior designer exactly entails.

Here is the list of the basic responsibilities and tasks that are set for any interior designer:

  • They need to design a space that will reach the requirements of its occupants, people who live, work, or spend their leisure time there
  • They need to combine various aspects, such as light, color, texture, various materials in order to provide their clients with the most pleasant and useful indoor space
  • Interior designers must always pay attention to the aesthetics, but also to the safety of the space they are creating and the fact that it should be utilizing
  • The work of a professional and highly skillful designer can boost office productivity, increase sales and even attract a more affluent clientele when it comes to designing a certain business indoor space. Therefore, professional, creative and resourceful designers are highly admired and well paid. Ambitious business persons are always on the market for such skillful interior designers and therefore this career is quite fruitful and offers many opportunities.

Before we proceed to the next part of this article, it is important to point out that there is a wide gap between interior designers and interior decorators and these two should not be mistaken one for the other since being an interior designer is a much more responsible vocation that entails more tasks, which will be thoroughly explained further in the article.

Working Environment of an Interior Designer

It has already been mentioned in this article that interior designers are essential when it comes to putting any facility or any residential structure in function, which makes their working position inevitable and ubiquitous. In addition to that, the work of a talented and skillful interior designer can consequentially lead the business of the person who works in the facility they designed towards improvement. However, since we have already come clear with what interior designers can work on, the next question that may pop up is where they find their work environment.

The fact is that a load of working positions has been spilling into the virtual world nowadays. Since almost all of us in the contemporary society are digital natives, all of us resort to using technology a lot when it comes to our education or private life. The same applies to work. When it comes to working environment, many interior designers desire to cooperate with their foreign colleagues, and therefore they work online a lot. Besides, a huge number of interior designers choose to become freelancers and work on various online platforms of websites.

To cut the long story short, we will now create a list of the places where interior designers can work:

    • Office or co-working space
    • Working in a certain business facility/ for a certain company
    • Working from home, or where ever there is Wi-Fi
    • Working as a freelancer on an internet website of platform such as: Upwork, Elance, Freelancer.

Since technology provides interior designers with a possibility to prepare photorealistic 3-D renderings and finish their projects without a direct contact with a customer, many of them decide to work as freelancers and complete their tasks online. Therefore, they can save their time since they are provided with a possibility to work from home.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

Since this article reveals the nature of the working position of an interior designer and it also brings up the advantages of this job, it would be essential to point out how it is possible to become capable of taking this working position up, or in other words, what it takes to become a successful interior designer.

Therefore, we will create a list that will contain pieces of advice and various hacks aimed at the ones who desire to become interior designers and the ones who are simply interested in getting to know more about this working position:

      • Understand that this working position is versatile and be aware of your responsibilities.

It has already been mentioned in this article that being an interior decorator is not nearly the same as being an interior designer. That is because the job of an interior designer is much more versatile and it entails a broader range of tasks. Interior designers are not only expected to come up with creative ideas regarding the aesthetics of an indoors space, but also to provide its future occupants with safety and the sufficient working conditions. Therefore, every interior designer must be aware of his or her responsibilities.

      • You must follow your passion in order to succeed.

What every interior designer needs to know is the fact that their working position is not all down to striving for success no matter what and being mostly responsible. It is actually the other way around – since the working position of an interior designer is itself quite artistic, interior designers ought to have a sense of aesthetics and to be dedicated to art and to their work. To put it simply, an interior designer who is aiming for success must be passionate about his or her work. Therefore, passion is one of the crucial things for a successful future career in this area.

      • You will have to accept and embrace the dull part of the work as well.

One of the facts that all of us tend to omit from time to time is that no working position comes only with pleasant activities and tasks that one is supposed to express one’s creativity, skills and resourcefulness through. Therefore, every career has its ups and downs as well as every working position brings some boring details and tasks along. But, to be able to proceed to the fun part, everyone must face up to those boring tasks firstly. When it comes to interior designers in particular, apart from having fun while working with fabric, colors and combining different textures in order to create a true miracle, they also need to be educated in:

      • the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.
      • Be the Jack-Of-All-Trades!

To sum the previous paragraph of the article up, a professional interior designer is expected to hone a huge variety of versatile skills and to gain broad knowledge in various fields, not only in the field of art and design. This is because an interior designer will not appear as the owner of the indoor space he or she designs, and therefore they need to be well informed about people and their preferences, and to be informed about what they can offer and what the best solution can be. In addition to that, interior designers are expected to be Jacks-of-all-trades since they will inevitably have to cooperate with people from similar areas who also work on creating structural objects, such as architects or builders, and they will also need to collaborate with the potential future occupants of the facility such as business owners or government agencies.

      • Be up to date with the news and the new techniques and trends in the field of interior design.

We are all familiar with the fact that none of us humans is flawless, and the same may definitely apply to interior designers as well. They also have their ups and downs and we all know that, no matter how creative an interior designer might be, all of them can encounter a certain period with the lack of ideas. Therefore, in order to be able to get back in the game and obtain new and fresh ideas, it is mostly important for an interior designer to always be up to date with the news in their field. Thus, one of the best pieces of advice regarding this topic is to recommend an interior designer to read publications and follow websites such as Freshhome (, where they can find new ideas and loads of information from their area.

Since we have listed all these pieces of advice that we hope will appear helpful to all the ones out there who might have considered to take up interior design as their future working position, let us now proceed to create a list of basic skills that an interior designer needs to have:

      • Sense of aesthetics
      • Creativity
      • Resourcefulness
      • Willingness for cooperation
      • Communication skills (believe it or not)
      • Negotiation skills
      • A highly developed portfolio
      • Being ambitious as well as competitive
      • Broad education in various fields : the history of interior design
      • the structural integrity of buildings
      • building codes
      • ergonomics
      • spatial concepts
      • ethics
      • psychology
      • computer-aided drawing (CAD), etc.

When it comes to education, it is important to mention that gaining knowledge in various fields is a must for every interior designer who hopes for a successful future career. Therefore, the following part of this article will focus on that topic regarding interior design.

What Does It Take to Getting Properly Educated as an Interior Designer?

The ones who are reading this article have already been informed about the fact that being an interior designer is a highly responsible and demanding working position that requires gaining broad and thorough knowledge in a variety of different fields. The next question that may arise after getting to know this fact is where a person interested in interior design may obtain such knowledge, what formal education programs are offered for interior designers at schools, colleges or universities. Besides, one may ask oneself whether proper education in the field of interior design can be gained through attending various online courses or not and which courses seem to be the best.

Bachelor Studies

When it comes to such responsible working positions such as interior design, the majority of the ones interested in it still do prefer to attend a certain university or a formal educational program rather than to finish an online course. Therefore, here is the list of the best schools for interior design in the United States:

      • New York School of Interior Design; The greatest advantage: it takes most of the students only six months to obtain their degree
      • Parsons The New School for Design; The greatest advantage: the program focuses on commercial design and collaborative work
      • Pratt Institute; The greatest advantage: 93% of the students get a job assignment right after graduation
      • Rhode Island School of Design, has high rankings on the list by Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub
      • Savannah College of Art and Design; The greatest advantage – offers the opportunity to get in touch with and get informed about the other artistic programs and fields
      • Fashion Institute of Technology

This was the list of institutes, schools and colleges in the United States that offer programs in interior design among their curriculum, which have been ranked the highest by the renowned organizations investigating this field, Design Intelligence and Design Schools Hub.

This article by no means tends to avoid the bachelor programs offered at the universities in the United States. So, here is the list of those universities as well:

      • Cornell University
      • Drexel University
      • Syracuse University
      • University of Cincinnati – School of Architecture and Interior Design

Master Studies

When it comes to the formal education in the fields that are demanding such as the field of interior design, at a certain point of one’s career, one may come to the conclusion that one needs further education in the field. Therefore, the best solution is to go for a master’s degree. Thus, the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees will be created further in the article.

Online Courses

For the ones out there who would prefer to attend an online course in interior design rather than to enroll in a university that has this program in the curriculum, here is the auspicious news: there is a huge variety of online courses and learning materials that are available for free. In order to assist you in choosing the one most suitable for you, here is the list of the ones with the highest rank:

      • Autodesk Homestyler
      • Decorating Studio
      • Home and Garden Television (Design 101)
      • Principles of Design and Daylighting offered by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
      • Open University
      • Sweet Home 3-D
      • Utah Education Network

Certification and Degree

Various certificates in interior design can be obtained after attending one of the online courses listed above. Furthermore, if someone finishes one of the bachelor programs at the aforementioned universities and schools, one may get Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design. In addition to that, here is the list of the most widely renowned master’s degrees in interior design:

      • Master (MA) Environment Design
      • Specialization Course – Territorial Mosaic
      • Master of Interior Architecture
      • Master in Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design and Technology
      • Master in Home Luxury Collection Design.

Job Outlook

When it comes to the job outlook for interior designers, it has already been mentioned in this article how this working position is essential when it comes to creating any kind of residential structure and any kind of indoor space and that it is quite ubiquitous and versatile. Therefore, interior designers may work on a variety of facilities, for example, they can engage in industrial design if they prefer to, or they can choose to design private single houses of flats as well as business facilities.


According to the results of the research conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), an average annual salary of an interior designer appears to reach $48,840, whereas the expected job growth for this working position, according to the same research, is 4%.

Similar Occupations

We have already pointed out that one of the reasons why interior designers are supposed to gain such broad knowledge in various fields is that they are supposed to cooperate with various people who appear to be engaged in the occupations quite similar to the one of an interior designer. So, here is the list of those similar occupations:

      • Interior Decorator
      • Architect
      • Interior Architect
      • Industrial Designer
      • 3-D Designer

Hopefully, this article will appear helpful for all the readers out there who are interested in what it takes to become an interior designer.

Becoming a successful Phlebotomist!

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Are you planning on becoming a phlebotomist? Look no further as you have reached the right place. Becoming a phlebotomist in the present day can be nothing but rewarding for you. Phlebotomy is a fast developing and promising field in the medical sector. Phlebotomy is the practice of making a small incision or a cut in the vein so as to draw blood from the artery, vein or other organs or to inject any other fluid. This is a job that requires a lot of skill and precision. It is high paying and provides the worker with a great load of job satisfaction as well.[/color-box]

What does a phlebotomy technician do?

Blood-DrawIf you’ve ever wondered about what phlebotomist technician does, the answer might not be interesting to everyone, especially those who have phobias regarding blood and needles. Phlebotomy technicians draw blood for various tests, transfusions, research or blood donations. Their primary job is to draw high quality samples of patient’s blood, label the blood samples, talk to patients to make sure the procedure is thoroughly explained and the patient feels comfortable. Phlebotomy technicians also assemble and maintain equipment needed for drawing blood, such as needles, tubes and blood vials. Once they explain the procedure to the patient and make him feel comfortable and less stressful, phlebotomy technician then draws samples of blood which after properly labeled, stores accordingly and enters the information in the database.

In order to avoid infections or other health complications, it is phlebotomist’s job to maintain the environment clean and sanitary. Because they work directly with patients, phlebotomy technicians must possess good communication skills and work well under pressure. Patients often become stressful and fearful due to the nature of procedure, which means phlebotomists have to know how to calm down patients in order to complete the procedure properly.

Work environment

Phlebotomy technicians work in hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers and physician’s offices. Sometimes, in order to collect blood samples from patients that are homebound, phlebotomists travel to different locations. Because some large hospitals or independent laboratories work around the clock, most phlebotomists work full time in daytime, evening and in night shifts, often during weekends and holidays as well. In smaller labs, they may work in shifts. Phlebotomists draw blood from patients for lab testing, either to determine the type of illness a person has or as a routine check of the health problems a patient has, such as cholesterol or diabetes.

They work in a laboratory setting most of the day examining blood samples to collect information a doctor requires. Even though it’s not always necessary for a phlebotomist to check the blood samples, it is obligatory to enter the data in the computer or patient’s medical chart if needed. It is important to treat every patient as if he/she is contagious which requires mandatory use of gloves and mask. Patients vary from those who are old to the youngest ones, which requires phlebotomist’s great skills of communication to make patient feel safe and comfortable.

How to become phlebotomy technician?

how_iconMost of the occupations connected to the health care demand years of practice and studying in a school program setting. However, phlebotomy requires much less time to become certified phlebotomy technician. The initial requirement to start phlebotomy training is a high school diploma or its equivalent (GED). After finishing high school, training programs for aspiring phlebotomy technicians are often offered in community colleges. Any phlebotomist acquires necessary knowledge through working experience in approved training program, which leads to certification or licensing. After a student chooses school, it will usually include these training programs along with classroom work. The selected programs connect classroom lessons with laboratory work.

Some of the courses a phlebotomist-to-be will encounter during training program include basic anatomy, biology, medical terminology and physiology. In addition to these courses, other courses connected to health related subjects are a great start to becoming a good phlebotomy technician. Most of them start with nothing but a high school diploma and earn their experience on-the-job.

Preparation and good grades in high school are the best introduction to becoming a phlebotomist. Paying attention to your grades in chemistry and biology during high school study may bring you advantage later on when applying for a phlebotomy occupation. Once you’re done with high school and you got your diploma (or GED), you can start looking for the best training program in the nearest school. This coursework usually lasts for less than a year and provides you with valuable knowledge you have to possess in order to become a phlebotomy technician.

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During training program, you will learn basics of phlebotomy, which includes:

  • drawing blood in various ways (from different parts of body)
  • using different techniques and equipment (butterfly needle, capillary piercing, finger-stick)
  • basic lab safety
  • blood sampling procedures
  • study of blood and cell composition


After completion of a training program, you may consider becoming certified. Getting a certificate brings you more job opportunities because many employers seek phlebotomists with some kind of certification, even though it’s not mandatory to possess one. In addition, earning various certificates only widens the range of duties you would have as a phlebotomist, therefore increasing your chances of pay raise as well.  There are a few certifications you can earn in phlebotomy occupation: Phlebotomy technician, Certified phlebotomy technician, Registered phlebotomy technician and National certified phlebotomy technician. Basic requirements for earning a certificate is a high school diploma or its equivalent, 20 hours of basic phlebotomy classes and certificate of completion from the phlebotomy training program. Once you get certified, you can start searching for the job, or if you already work as a phlebotomist, earn better salary. So, you can either earn a certificate by enrolling in a training program or working as a phlebotomist for 6 months or more. Either way, certificate will get you better job opportunities and better chances of getting hired, not to mention more gained experience and polished skills and qualities. If you’re not afraid of blood and needles, this occupation might suit you best!

Training programs

icon175x175All future phlebotomy technicians must obtain a certificate of completion of approved training program. There are many community colleges and technical schools around the US offering high quality phlebotomy training programs. To be allowed to enroll in one such training program, one must submit a high school diploma or its equivalent (GED), medical records which must be up-to-date and in some cases and states, clear police records as well. Also, minimum age of attendance is 18 years old. Although some phlebotomy technicians usually pass the training part on-the-job, most of the times it is required to finish some kind of eligible training program in order to pursue licensing or certification. Each state has different requirements of education, but many demand training programs to be able to begin a phlebotomist career. Before enrolling in a training program, it is recommended that you inform yourself of the school’s program and its accreditation. Gather information about the courses, timeline, length and tuition fees before deciding where to enroll. Consider choosing those programs who provide hands-on training and are accredited by American Society for Clinical Pathology, American Certification Agency, National Center for Competency Testing or the American Medical Technologists.

Once you decide in which school you will enroll in a training program, your phlebotomist career is soon to begin.

Training programs vary in length, so there are some that can last only for a few weeks and those that can take up to one year to complete. Most courses cover main subject connected to phlebotomy and anatomy in general. Some of them include:

  • Theory of phlebotomy – the basic knowledge you will gain through this course is to learn everything about the phlebotomy. From history of “bloodletting” to learning about common practices of drawing blood.This course covers techniques of drawing blood, different ways of blood sampling, use of proper equipment and managing transportation, processing, data entry and infection control.
  • Anatomy and physiology – through this course, students obtain basic knowledge about human body and systems. Students learn about anatomy with detailed lessons that cover cardiovascular anatomy, physiology of nervous, musculoskeletal and circulatory systems. Blood and cell composition, venipuncture, laboratory safety skills and CPR are also part of this course.
  • Medical terminology – all future phlebotomy technicians are opt to know how to use medical terminology. It is important to be able to exchange information between yourself and other member of healthcare team. Recognizing prefixes, root words and suffixes, spelling and proper pronunciation is obligatory knowledge future phlebotomist should have to possess.
  • Practicum – in the practical courses, students learn how to draw blood, practice specimen collection and handle blood samples and medical records. Everything a student learned in theory classes will be transferred in real-life scenarios. Practicum courses may be taken at campus-site, in a Medical Center or at off-site laboratories.

During training program, you will learn about handling emergency situations, taking proper steps in avoiding possibility of contamination, avoiding infection and proper laboratory procedures. You will learn about maintaining equipment and ensuring that environment in which you will work, stays clean and sanitary.

Certification and licensing

Once you finish your training program for phlebotomy technician, you will gain a certificate of completion. You will gain experience and knowledge required to begin working as a phlebotomist. Furthermore, you can pursue some kind of certification, which will provide you more job opportunities and better starting salary as well. Through certification, you will confirm and improve the knowledge you gained through a training program. You will be questioned and required to pass various tests and exams in order to gain a certificate. To be able to enroll in a certificate program, certain qualifications must be met.

American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians requires that one must have either :

  • one full year of part-time work as a phlebotomist,
  • 6 months of full-time work as a phlebotomist,

-successful completion of an accredited training program (must have at least 100 documented successful venipunctures and 5 documented skin punctures) and a current ASPT membership.

American Society of Clinical Pathology offers a few possible ways on how to become certified phlebotomy technician with high school diploma and:

  • completion of a NAACLS approved phlebotomy program within the last five years
  • completion of an acceptable two-part formal structured phlebotomy program in the U.S. which includes 40 clock hours of classroom training, 100 hours of clinical training and performance of 100 successful blood collections
  • one year full-time work experience as a phlebotomy technician in an accredited laboratory
  • completion of RN, LPN or other acceptable accredited allied health occupational education with additional 100 successful blood collections
  • Medical Technician or Medical Laboratory Scientist certification
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy certification with additional 100 successful blood collection

Most of phlebotomy training programs and certification programs require some hands-on training in order to successfully complete given exams. There are some online programs that are accredited for gaining a certificate, but do not offer real-life courses, which are necessary for students to learn how to draw blood and collect high quality blood samples. Online courses are helpful in theoretical sense, but any student that enrolls in such online training programs needs to make sure he/she can find eligible laboratories, hospitals or physician offices to complete the required amount of working hours on field.

Clinical subjects provide studying of human anatomy, physiology and medical terminology which are among the top required ones, and administrative subjects usually cover communication skills and abilities to explain and prepare a patient for the whole procedure. Many community colleges offer great high quality certification training programs that include all major components and subject that are required to become professional phlebotomy technician.

Nearly all courses include:

  • correct identification of a patient prior to collecting blood samples,
  • collection of the right amount of blood with venipuncture or skin puncture,
  • selection of the appropriate vials,
  • correct labeling of blood samples,
  • transportation of specimens to the laboratory,
  • appropriate communication with patients and interaction with other healthcare workers and
  • proper data entry into the computer.

So, once you finish a training program, start looking for a school, college or online programs that offer accredited certification courses. It is good to know that phlebotomy certification requires hands-on experience, so try to find the certification program that provides real-life clinical courses along with the theoretical classes. When you pick your best option, it’s important to know and gather all the necessary documentation that is required in order to begin certification program. Once you begin this short-term training and pass the final exam, you will gain phlebotomy technician certificate. This certificate allows you to pursue your phlebotomist career with better chances of getting the job, since many employers favorize aspiring phlebotomy technicians who possess some kind of a certificate or license. Even though it’s not necessary to be certified in most states, consider your certificate a major plus in job seeking because it greatly improves your job curriculum. There are many aspiring phlebotomy technicians who are looking to begin their career in this occupation and the competition is strong. Every employer would like to hire a professional with great work experience and knowledge and what gives them better proof of a high quality phlebotomy technician than the one with successfully finished training program and an accredited certificate?



According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median pay for 2015 was around $15,21 per hour, $31,630 per year. The highest 10% earned roughly more than $45,190, while the lowest 10% earned less than $22,850. Number of phlebotomy technician jobs in 2014 was 112,700. reports the median hourly wage varies from $10,09 – $17,89.

Of course, just like in many other jobs, there are some major factors which influence your salary as a phlebotomy technician and those are:

  • Location – this is one of the most important factors regarding the salary. Even though inside any state there are some minor differences between salary numbers, differences between states are more than obvious. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that top paying states for phlebotomy technicians are District of Columbia with hourly mean wage of $19,41, California with hourly mean wage of $18,73, Massachusetts with hourly mean wage of $18,39 and New York with the wage of $18,32 per hour. Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation are all within the state of California, and those include Redding, Vallejo-Fairfield, Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura nad Stockton-Lodi. All report the annual wage between $43,300 – $47,040. States with the highest employment level are California, Texas, Florida, New York and Illinois.
  • Experience – one more factor that influences the salary range is the amount of experience you gained as a phlebotomy technician. Those who are beginning their phlebotomy career are among the lowest paid employees. Entry-level phlebotomy technicians with the work experience up to 5 years earn roughly $26,000 per year, phlebotomy technicians with 5-10 years of experience earn $30,000, phlebotomist with 10-20 years of experience earn about $32,000 and the phlebotomists with more than 20 years of work experience report around $35,000 a year. So,entry-level phlebotomists begin with the hourly wage of $9,75 – $16,04 and the ones in their late career earn about $12,32 – $20,05 per hour.
  • Type of Employer – your salary will greatly depend on the type of employer you work for as well. Depending on if you’re working in a hospital, physician’s office, medical laboratory, any of the non-profit institution or other health care facility, your salary will vary. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, median annual wages in the top paying industries for this occupation are:

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  • Medical and diagnostic laboratories……………………………$33,270
  • Physician’s offices……………………………………………………..$30,720
  • Ambulatory healthcare services………………………………….$30,510
  • Hospitals………………………………………………………………….$30,470


Some of the top paying employers include insurance companies, hospitals, physician’s offices and laboratories while nursing homes and blood donation centers are among the lowest paying employers.

  • Certification – even though we mentioned that certification is not mandatory in order to work as a phlebotomy technician, it certainly affects your salary. Only a small number of states require certification to get hired as a phlebotomist, but other states would take your certificate in consideration when hiring. Also, certificate can bring you higher entry-level paying rate, since it proves you have better skill set and improved knowledge, not to mention better qualities and abilities. In addition, certified phlebotomy technicians at entry-level earn a little bit more than normal entry-level phlebotomist.

So, once you take into consideration some of these major factors that influence the salary of a phlebotomy technician, you can make a career plan based on the best options you choose. Selecting the country with highest paying rates, the best employer with great hourly wages, good amount of experience and accredited certification, will get you a good start in beginning your phlebotomy technician career. Once you progress from beginner to experienced phlebotomist, your salary will start to increase and soon enough you can become part of the top 10% with the highest median wage.

Job outlook

Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the employment of phlebotomy technicians is projected to grow by 25% from 2014 to 2024 which is much faster than the average for all occupations. Since it is important to have professional phlebotomy technicians to perform drawing blood and proper collection of blood samples, industries like hospitals, physician’s offices and medical and diagnostic laboratories constantly search for candidates to hire. Requirement for blood diagnostics and analysis is constantly on the rise, and so are the open jobs for this occupation. For those candidates who possess certificate, job prospects look much brighter. It is projected that another 28,100 open jobs will be available by the 2024.

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level are New York-Jersey City-White Plains in New York, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale in California, Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights in illinois, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land  in Texas and  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale in Arizona. States with the highest employment level count California with 12,780 hired phlebotomists, Texas with 8,850 employed, Florida with 7,410 and New York with 5,780 employed phlebotomy technicians. Industries with the highest level of employment for this occupation are: general medical and surgical hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, other ambulatory healthcare services, physician’s offices and other employment services.

If you’re sure you wish to pursue phlebotomy technician career, don’t forget any of the mentioned ways of how to become one, how to find a perfect training program and to get certified, which are the lowest and top paying industries, states and employers and how does a job outlook for this occupation looks like for the future. Once you inform yourself of all the possible choices and options, you can start building your phlebotomy technician career and provide yourself with stable and increasing salary, abundant work experience and the possibility to progress in this occupation or even to a much better paid one. Nevertheless, phlebotomy technician profession is on the rise and the increased job outlook for high quality phlebotomists is not going to stop increasing in near future, so rest assured whenever you decide to begin building up your phlebotomy technician career, it will be the right choice for your future!

How to Become a Wedding Planner


What are the first things that may come to mind when we mention weddings? When it comes to this particular life event, most of the people tend to associate it with the most positive emotions such as joy and self-fulfillment. In addition to that, wedding is perceived by the majority of people as a special life event that should be unique in one’s lifetime (although there are many cases of people who jump in and out of marriages), and therefore it should be glorious and memorable. The bride and the groom are ought to be provided with the day they will remember for the rest of their lives and to be given a chance to feel as glorious as the most famous movies stars at least once in a lifetime. All of this leads to a conclusion that there must be a certain person responsible for the whole event, the one who should enable the bride and the groom to have their special day to remember. Who that person might be, we could ask ourselves. A wedding planner would be the right answer to that question.

A Working Position Full of Challenges

To begin with, considering all the facts from above, being a wedding planner is definitely a tough working position with a lot of requirements. Among the skills they need to have, organizational skills are on top of the list. Besides that, a wedding planner should be trustworthy, so the bride and the groom can totally rely on them. They should also be polite – who wants their wedding to be planned by a rude person? Moreover, as a ceremony of the wedding itself is quite a traditional ceremony, wedding planners should also be informed about various customs. This is of utmost importance especially when the future married couple is religious and desires to have a wedding ceremony lead in accordance with the tradition and the customs of their religion (Christian, Muslim, Jewish, etc).

Having all these facts in mind, the author of this article aims to present the job position of a wedding planner in the best way possible, hoping to provide the reader with useful pieces of information about that lovely working position. This article also aims to give a guide on how to become a successful wedding planner.

What Do Wedding Planners Do

The first possible task of a wedding planner may seem obvious to all of us – their main responsibility is, as the job title itself says, to plan and organize weddings, as well as to make sure everything is going according to their plan. But, while all the guests are enjoying the atmosphere and, of course, the wedding cake, a wedding planner is struggling with various tasks that are definitely far from being a piece of cake. In order to explain to the readers what the responsibilities of a wedding planner include, here is the list of their duties:

  • Initial Consultation

It should be perfectly clear from the very beginning that wedding planners do have a whole load of obligations long before the actual wedding day. The first one on that list is known as initial consultation. What is it about? It is dedicated to setting the groundwork with the future client, whether it is the bride, the groom, the groom’s or the bride’s mother, the father of any of them or any kind of combination of these. After meeting a client, (it is important to stress that it is up to the wedding planner to choose among these relatives who the actual client will be), a wedding planner introduces them to the packages available and the client is to choose among the possible options.

  • Day of Coordinator

This is an interesting and a special service included in the duties of every professional wedding planner who takes his or her work seriously. Why is it special? Because this type of service is offered only to the brides, as it is related to coping with all the pre-wedding preparations that are supposed to be done before their ‘’big day”. Since many brides have been imagining their wedding day and their precious gown since they were little girls, many of them actually want no one to give them advice on how to organize the biggest event of their lives. However, none of them desires to get all stressed out while taking care of all the important details. Therefore, a professional wedding planner should offer Day of Coordinator, as the purpose of this service is to help the future bride and ease the pressure put upon them before the wedding day.

  • Liaison

The wedding planner in charge has to arrive at the venue much earlier than the actual event is even supposed to start and before any of the guests are supposed to show up. That is because they have a complex task upon them – they should be able to give instructions to all the other vendors at the wedding, answer the questions and see if everything is arranged according to the plan. Having done that, the next duty of the wedding planner is to appear as a liaison between all the vendors and the bride and the groom on the day of the wedding. After the ceremony is done, the wedding planner should make sure that all the guests are conducted to the receptionist venue where the photo session previous to the visit to the restaurant should take place.

  • Wedding Presents and the Venue

Although the guests, as well as the bride and the groom, have the absolute right to finally relax after the official wedding ceremony has finished, that is not where the duties of their wedding planner are finished. On the contrary, a professional and responsible wedding planner should make sure that all the wedding presents are carefully wrapped up and gathered in a safe place where there are in no danger of being stolen. In addition to that, since the wedding planner is the person who should coordinate the whole event, they should make sure that the venue is taken care of after the ceremony in order to serve to the next couple that is about to have their ceremony there.

  • FullService Planning

As it has been previously mentioned, planning the event is not the only one, but the most important task of every wedding planner and that is the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about this working position. It may seem as if there is just one responsibility at stake and it might not seem that complex. It is actually the other way around – the very planning of the wedding itself  is and excruciating and responsible task that consists of multiple duties. Therefore, being trustworthy and highly responsible is one of the essential qualities of every wedding planner.

Here is the list of all the things wedding planners are to consider and all the ones they are supposed to take care of:

  • Budget – The wedding planner in charge of the particular wedding should carefully negotiate the budget available for the ceremony and the whole event. Therefore, the arrangements that are made need to fit the limited and previously determined budget.
  • Venue – After the wedding planner has made the agreement with the client regarding the estimated budget, their next task is to look for the most suitable venue and introduce the client to their options. Together with the client, the wedding planner chooses a certain venue and sets out to make the necessary arrangements. It is crucial to find the balance between the desirable venue for the future married couple and their possibilities, in other words, to keep in mind what they can afford.
  • Vendors – the chosen wedding planner is the key figure of the event, but he or she is by no means capable of coping with all the things there are to be done at such an event, though. Therefore, the wedding planner should research the offer of the available vendors such as photographers, video photographers, cooks, serves, etc. They need to pay attention to which of them are available on the wedding day since many of them can be booked even a year in advance. The wedding planner should also form a team of reliable people that are comfortable to work with.
  • Making Their Magic

This subheading might sound a bit or a lot silly, but this is how the things are – the majority of people (men as well as women, although they tend to be too embarrassed to confess it) out there have been dreaming about their wedding day since their childhood, especially those who are fond of preserving the tradition. Therefore, they expect that at least some bits of their long-lasting dreams will come true. And the responsibility to make that happen lies upon the wedding planner they choose. Wedding planners are expected to appear as miracle workers and literally make the dreams of the couple come true. This is definitely not an easy task and all of us would agree on that.

Work Environment

Considering a work environment of a usual wedding planner, many of us will immediately relate it to the wedding hall or any similar room or venue that has to do with the wedding ceremony. When wedding ceremonies are at stake, the religious ceremony where bride and groom are supposed to give their vow should by no means be omitted. The wedding planner chosen is expected to be constantly present at all the listed venues and all the spots where the wedding is taking place and where ever their admirable and enviable organizational powers are needed.

In addition to wedding halls, the reception venue where the photo session is supposed to take place and the church where the most important among the wedding ceremonies takes place, wedding planners must also have their office where they make appointments with their clients and introduce them to the offers of various wedding packages. Moreover, besides all that, the job takes wedding planners outdoors as well, believe it or not. As it was previously said, they need to make arrangements with different vendors and also to visit and book the venue. Therefore, a wedding planner is more on the move that any of us would assume before conducting a meticulous research on this working position.

How to Become a Wedding Planner?

How to become a wedding planner, that is the question. Some among us might have asked themselves the question mentioned above, but did they manage to find the satisfactory answers? One of the aims of this article, in order to let the readers know what it takes to become a wedding planner, is definitely to answer this abrupt question. So, what are the basic requirements and skills that any person who desires to become a wedding planner at some time in the future should obtain?

First of all, as it has already been mentioned, the crucial quality of any wedding planner is to be polite. It is widely known that the people who are about to rush in the greatest of all the adventures of their life commonly known as marriage tend to get quite nervous from that very fact, some of them even panic before the actual event is supposed to happen. Therefore, the future married couple requires someone who will help them calm down, assist them in planning the whole event, someone who will provide them with the best and most pleasant conditions to give their marriage vows. A wedding planner should not only have extraordinary organizational skills, but he or she needs to have empathy and to be communicative, consoling, polite and approachable. Let us face it, no one would like to cooperate with someone who is rude, insincere and bottled up.

Having considered all these facts and the requirements that are set before every potential wedding planner, let us make a list of the key qualities and skills a wedding planner should hone and the requirements they are to achieve:

  • exceptional organizational skills
  • great communication skills
  • politeness
  • empathy
  • being reliable
  • being able to plan the budget, etc.


Having all these things that are required from a wedding planner in mind, one might ask oneself, especially after having considered giving this job position a chance, what kind of training and education a person requires to become a suitable and appropriate candidate for the working position of a wedding planner. One of the first questions that might pop up when such a topic is at stake is whether there are any school programs or even any university programs that are able to prepare one for taking up the job of a wedding planner or not. Considering the possibility that there might be some universities that have a department related to planning weddings among their curriculum might be a bit silly. On the other hand, people must have a possibility to learn about this job position and undergo a training that prepares them for doing it. Therefore, there have to be certain courses available for the ones who perceive wedding planning as their future career.


After skimming through the previous paragraph, one might get to the conclusion that the very existence of any kind of university programs connected to planning weddings has been excluded. In addition to that, it can also be claimed that there are no programs that are related to planning weddings at any school as well. Having all these facts and assumptions in mind, one should definitely take courses into consideration. Since there are no programs that may prepare one to become a wedding planner within the system of formal education, such programs are to be sought among the different forms of courses. Depending on what type of courses you prefer, this article will present you with various options you can choose from afterwards if you are considering to take up wedding planning as your future career.

  • Online Courses

Since many of us are digital natives who are constantly online and since the Internet provide us with a great opportunity to get many things done by simply visiting a certain website and pressing the right combination of buttons, finishing an online course and becoming able of taking up some working position such as planning weddings might sound as the best solution to those who see it as their potential career. Therefore, this article will present a list of the best online courses for wedding planners.

The list of top three online wedding planning courses:

  1. Weddings Beautiful Worldwide

Weddings Beautiful is a company that was established in 1968. Since that time, they have been creating their brand within the business world and they have managed to become a company that is easily recognized and renowned for their satisfactory services. Taking all of that aside, this company does not only plan weddings, but they also offer excellent online courses that may enable one to become either a Certified Wedding Specialist or a Certified Wedding Planner. It consists of various assignments and an attendant is supposed to have their improvement tested via an online questionnaire after each of them. There are two payment methods. One is to pay the full price at once, which is $685. The other option is the so-called Pay As You Go.

The fist one is aimed at the ones with no experience and knowledge in wedding planning and it consists of 18 assignments that are dedicated to the basis of wedding planning and organization. The second one is suitable for those who have knowledge and experience in the field of wedding planning, but still need to obtain proper certification.

  1. The Sheffield School

This school was founded in 1985 as a school of interior design, wedding and event planning. It offers the possibility of regular and online enrolling to the students from all over the world. Their course called Wedding and Event Planning is mostly focused on the basic details about this working position. It is consists of:

  • 20 detailed assignments
  • 6 guides
  • 6 workbooks
  • 2 virtual internships

After completing the course, an attendant becomes a holder of the Sheffield graduation certificate supported by their faculty.

  1. The Wedding Planning Institute

This institute, widely known under the abbreviation LWPI is a department of which was founded in 1997. The course about wedding planning is not only their own, but it is provided thanks to the cooperation with certain organizations such as American Association of Community Colleagues. Although the website appears difficult to navigate sometimes, the best idea is to follow the course schedules carefully and regularly. This course offers a variety of workshops and seminars, the price of each varies as well.

Certification and Degree

A certain degree is not actually supposed to be discussed when it comes to the working position of a wedding planner since there are no official programs for this vocation within the formal educational system. On the other hand, a person desiring to work as a wedding planner may attain a certificate required to become an accredited one and start their career. As it was mentioned in the paragraph above, one of the best options is to enroll in an online course and obtain a certificate.

Here is the list of the certificates earned after finishing the top-ranked online courses successfully:

  • Wedding Specialist Certificate
  • Wedding Planner Certificate
  • Sheffield graduation certificate


There is a research conducted by the website called Pay Scale, which presents the average salaries of wedding planners in the United States. The results of their research will be presented in a list:

  • Average wage for a wedding planner: $17.14 per hour
  • Hourly tips’ range: $0.19 – $5.42
  • Overtime plus: $0.39 – $53.33
  • Bonus range: $0.00 – 8,877
  • Total pay/ Annual salary: $20,640 – $89,659

Job Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which do not give information on wedding planners specifically, but they do refer to certain similar positions, it is likely that this working position will measure an employment increase of 10% from 2014 – 2024. When it comes to this working position itself, a certified wedding planner is a person who is always likely to find working engagement. They negotiate with the clients, organize wedding ceremonies and the events that follow and they also need to find and coordinate the vendors.

Similar Occupations

There are a number of occupations similar to the one of the wedding planner. The closest one is the wedding specialist. The ones that follow are wedding photographers, video photographers, and tailors of the wedding gowns and also chefs and servers. All of them must form a team when a wedding is about to take place and they must have exceptional cooperation in order for the wedding ceremony to be successfully completed.

Communications Studies – Careers, Perspectives and Degrees

Communications is the use of messages/ narratives to create meaning both within and across plenty of media, channels, cultures and contexts. The practice through the words, sounds, symbols and language is a crucial for development and progress of civilized society. Effective communication enables us to reach mutual understanding and overcomes in socio- political settings and everyday lives.

Nowadays, it is absolutely clear that communications are much more complex and sophisticated than ever before in history of humanity.


As a two-way process the communication includes a message that must be conveyed through some kind of medium to a recipient. A recipient must understand the message and respond to it within a specific time frame.

Basically, communication process consists of, or can be break down into, a series of components:

SOURCE– usually person who creates and sends a message

MESSAGE– a meaning or stimulus generated by source

CHANNEL– a way in which a message travels between the source and recipient

RECEIVER– an entity, usually a person, who receives, analyzes and interprets the message from the source

FEEDBACK– a response to a message, verbal or nonverbal

ENVIRONMENT– psychological and physical aspects of the communication’s context

INTERFERENCE everything which could be a potential block and change the source’s meaning of the message. 


As a diverse discipline, seeking to understand social, cultural and political processes, organize behavior and generate meanings, communication is relevant to social scientist, scholars of cultural studies alike as humanist.

The Communications study shapes our social interaction, writing and reading skills, but also encourages and polishes critical thinking. It allows us to understand the changing world process and teaches us to deal with it.

Nowadays, we have very high aims and goals in order to understand communication. It has resulted in numerous areas of studies within communications:

  • Communication Theory: The study of how communication impacts human social interaction
  • Communication Education: The study of communication in all pedagogical contexts
  • Health Communication: The study of communication linked to work of health professionals and health education
  • Applied Communication: The study of communication best practices, theory and research which can be use for practical purposes
  • Intercultural and International Communication: The study of cross-cultural communication
  • Interpersonal communication: The study of communication in personal relationships
  • Electronic Media: The study of forms of media- including television, media technology, radio and web design
  • Mass Communication and Media Literacy: The study of mass communication
  • Performance Studies: The study of components within communications discipline- audience, text, performers etc
  • Language and Social Interaction: The study of behaviors, verbal and nonverbal, in social interactions
  • Legal Communication: The study of communication in the legal system
  • Mediation and Dispute Resolution: The study of intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup situations
  • Organizational Communication: The study of social interaction in organizations and communication analyses within organizations.
  • Small Group Communications: The study of communications among three or more persons who have common purpose and influence each other
  • Rhetorical Criticism: Evaluating and analyzing rhetorical artifacts
  • Political Communication: The study of communication in political systems
  • Public Relations: The study of communications between an organization and its audiences
  • Pubic Address: The study of speeches and speakers
  • Speech Communication: The study of speech and human symbolic interaction
  • Semiotics and Philosophy of Communication: The study of communication linked to philosophical frameworks
  • Visual Communication: The study of various visual data/narratives ( in architecture, photography, visual arts, films, advertising, etc) as it relates to communication
  • Theater and Drama: The study of dramatic literature and its production. 


Having been recognized as a very flexible field of study, a background in communications can support careers in almost everything- from the politics and low to the advertising and arts. The globalization in business has been brought closer together through the accessibility and directness of electronic communications and made multi-linguistics and cross-cultural communication skills much more valuable than ever. Owing to technology, these career paths could become even more attractive and needed as the years go by.

Students who graduate with the degree in communications are competitive for various jobs in broadcasting area, public relations, editing or writing field, journalism, fundraising and so on. Also, students can leverage their basic knowledge of communication and became competitive to work in different environments such as government agencies, low, offices, nonprofit organizations, etc.

Professionals skilled in communications can realize and understand the many approach in which people collect, develop, spread and transfer information. They can understand and compare the diversity of communication practices and express the ideas and argue points.

In a variety of circumstances, the professionals who possess a high level of competence in communication, whether they are maintaining interpersonal relationships, spreading information to an audience, providing leadership for group and organizations or fulfilling responsibilities of public citizenship, are  very beneficial and valuable to their employers, members of their professional team and the clients and customers they serve.


The career in communication can lead to an extraordinary professional life with many different paths to advancement and success.

Explore  your abilities and preferences:

All those who intend to commit to an academic and training path in communication, should explore and asses their interests and skills. They should think about their hobbies or about the clubs and practices they were involved in at the high-school level. It is a very important part in all further steps in proper guidance career. For instance, if you gravitated to activities such as debate, school ambassador or similar you will probably enjoy activities of newscaster, but those who enjoy more solitary, under-the-radar groups may find the role to be right and suitable for them.

Earning a Bachelor Degree:

Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts are commonly offered as  an Undergraduate Degree in Communications. While the core framework of the course remains the same in either, students in B.A. focus their studies on topics which are related to liberal arts. They are given a wider understanding of culture, history, society and language linked to the further options. Students in the B.S. program take more science and math related course, also linked to possible letter options.

BA Degree in Communications provides students with opportunities to build their skills and become informed and familiar with the basics in the world of communications. Degree process can be completed in four years of study. However, it is very important that students themselves seek the opportunities. They must build and create their skills independently and make relationships with professors and persons who would be useful for their further career development.

Seeking out practice and relevant experience:

Students need to complete an internship during their BA program and it is one of the Majority of Degrees’ requirements. These experiences can provide students to find out the right fits with their future interests as for as the potential of being hired after the internship is finished.

 Seeking a First Job:

About finding a first job, it is important to note that any experience gained will be very relevant and desirable. A resume with highlighting professional and educational qualifications is understood, regarding to the position. However the news stations or companies understand that is your first job out of school, being able to show how other skill gained along the way will be valuable goes a long way. In order to secure a position, first-time job seekers in communication’s industry should be prepared to move anywhere.


Experts in the field of communication usually have got a few strong skills in common. Some of those are innate skills, but also, they are honed during the pursuit of a secondary degree, and sharpened during the years of experience and practice that comes from working in the communications area.

  • Writing skills– clear and concise writing. It might be the most important medium for communication professionals
  • Speaking skills– It matters greatly being able to speak  clearly and intelligently and pointed to a wide range of people
  • Quick thinking– in communications, those who dealing with the public must be able to think quickly and respond too in a n appropriate manner/way
  • Creativity– almost every job related to communication requires creativity in speech, words or actions
  • Interpersonal skills– requires the ability to get along with everyone and be respectful of differences
  • Organizations– those skills are very important for working in communications requires a great deal of scheduling, agenda, paperwork
  • Internet understanding– professionals in communications must have a firm grasp of social media and internet networks in general

Tools and Technology

Professionals in communications use a variety of technology and tools in their work. The most popular and must-have tools are computers- all kinds: personal, laptops, tablets, Smartphone’s. These devices allow ones to be online, connected, most of the time.

There are many programs, software and tools needed and required in various fields of communications. Technology and tools can be varied which depends on the type and role of employer.

However, the technology needed is based on software that allows professionals to get their message out. This may include: Adobe Systems, Microsoft Office, Oracle Business Intelligence Discoverer Google Analytics, LexisNexis Software and various Social Media Platforms such as Tweeter, Facebook, and Instagram


Further education in communications has plenty of options at  the postsecondary level. Students and future professionals should be able to find the right fit according to their needs. The following degree types are the standard forms of training for communications professionals:

Associate Communications Degree:

Students enrolled in an Associate Communication Degree program learn about the basics of the communications, main skills and knowledge for the entry-level roles. A variety of media forms are covered: online, audio, visual medium and prints. In this program, students are going to learn write  press releases, creating a video clip, addressing public relation issues, developing a portfolio. After graduated on Associate programs they may go on work in journalism, radio, public relations or media.

The Associate Program common classes include:

  • Fundamentals of Speech
  • Business Communications
  • Interpersonal Communications

Fundamentals of Speech includes oral communication and public speaking as well as equipping students with the set of skills they need to confidently and effectively address a wide range audience. Students gain  skills in classes such as understanding of appropriate topics for different audiences, ability to create a keyword list and outline, different audience engagement techniques, etc

Business Communication classes provide students with a vocabulary of common business terms. They learn about different types of business environments and how to speak professionally to clients, colleagues, supervisors etc. Students learn how to prepare a professional presentation and other skills such as awareness of a variety of communication styles for different business settings and appropriate behavior in business environments.

Interpersonal Communication classes equipping students with all the skills needed for interaction among many different types of people. They also learn about styles of communication, active listening, interviewing techniques, crisis management etc. During and after classes, the student will gain  the ability to interpret communication styles and choose a suitable option in a specific situation and be able to understand how factors like culture, gender or age may affect interpersonal communication. After all, the best practices in interpersonal communication will be adopted.

Bachelor’s Communications Degree:

During the four years of  Bachelor’s degree study program in communications, students learns practical skills to succeed in future efforts with special emphasis on creating strong and clear communication in a variety of mediums. Graduates of communication degree will have a toolbox filled with effective strategies- whether engaging audiences for on social media platforms, making a clear brand for a client or writing copy for a grassroots promotion. Bachelor’s program   allows students to select a concentration including public relation, political communications or options in marketing communications.

Graduates may go on to the positions as journalist, writers, public relation specialists or speech writers.

Bachelor’s Degree Program common classes include:

  • Writing for Digital Platforms
  • Persuasive Communications
  • Group Communications

Writing for Digital Platforms course introduce to students a different style of writing, especially for numerous online and digital platforms. Students learn how to craft engaging and appropriate content for different mediums as well as how to leverage each platform successfully. These classes equipped students with the ability to use different writing and communication styles based on platform and specific audiences. Students achieve awareness of the different mediums available for digital communications and well understandings of digital platforms and communications strategies.

Persuasive Communications classes serve to students to develop useful persuasion and negotiation techniques. During the course, students learn how to craft thoughtful and cohesive communication, written and oral, to persuade their audiences. Finally, owing to this course, student will gain valuable skills like effective persuasion techniques and historical understanding of how persuasion can be used in negotiation processes.

Group Communications course provides students with the tools and skills they need to be effective mediators of group communications. The students will be familiar with the topics such as group- thinking, crisis management, team development and understand how group dynamic affect communication style.

Furthermore, they will gain ability to facilitate communication among different types of people and developing communication strategies to address clients and stakeholders.

Master’s Communications Degrees:

Those who undertake a master’s degree, have abilities and motivation to work as directors of communications for international or large national organization or assume a high-level position in the government. This program will prepare graduates for advanced and executive-level role in developing their previous gained skills and fine- shaping communication strategies. The program emphasizes instilling and understanding the methodology and theory as well as exposing students to advanced research in the field.

Master’s Communications Program common classes include:

  • Social Media Communication
  • Global Strategic Communication
  • Communication Research Methods

Social Media Communication classes are related to digital medium and networking platform. It is provided learning about   crafting the right message for the specific types of users, different methodologies behind content creation and delving into theories on how to best engage with viewers, audiences. The graduated will be able to understand how social media metrics can be analyzed to gain greater user inside. The students gain  the ability to craft thoughtful and appropriate content and   knowledge about how different types of social media are used by a range of individuals.

Global Strategic Communication course helps students to develop their own voice for international audiences throughout the case studies which are employed to demonstrate effective and ineffective strategies. Students will learn how to implement a proper communication plan on a worldwide scale, as one of the main objective.   Afterwards, graduated will learn how to evaluate effectiveness of global communication and how to gain ability to design constructive communication for international audiences.  .

Communication Research Methods class review theory, methodology and tools used in communication in order to give students an insider’s understanding of how to lead their own research in the field. The graduated of the Master’s Degree program will be familiar with different tools used for data analysis and be able to understand how different methods and frameworks elicit varied findings. Also, they will gain ability to design and implement a proper research study.

PhD Communication Degrees

Students who choose to continue their education,  pursuing a PhD in communications are absorbed in a curriculum that not only develops their skills in the discipline, but draws attention to cultural, social, historical, political and economic views to understand the role of communications in humanity. The students have to be prepared to provide a significant   and unique research and produce a dissertation prior to graduation. This is the highest level of education and those who complete it, go on to teaching positions in universities and institutions.

PhD common classes include:

  • Public Communication Ethics
  • Teaching Communications
  • Data Analysis in Communication

Public Communication Ethics course deal with the ethical questions involved in communication processes with  the public. During the course, students read the case studies of situations where the ethical decision is not always clear and are invited to discuss about it. After finishing the course students are able to identify ethical issues and understand ethical principles surrounding public relations, journalism and broadcasting. They will also be very clear about how advertising and news can be manipulated

Teaching Communications classes learn students about common models of teaching and look at communication as an academic discipline. Future professors learn to develop their own teaching styles. They will also gain awareness of various teaching and learning styles and approaches. Most of all they will be able to understand the relationship between theory and practice in the teaching process.

Data Analysis in Communication course provides to students a proper knowledge about qualitative and quantitative research methods used in the field- casual models regression, sampling, correlation. Owing to this course, students gain ability to create analyze data, gathered through research studies and understand the main techniques for gathering and analyzing data, as well as the ethical implications surrounding the collection of data.


The following list presents the median salaries for the most popular job titles in communications:

  • Radio Broadcaster : $ 44,030
  • Event Planner : $50,910
  • Broadcast News Analyst: $84,380
  • Promotion Manager: $ 114, 700
  • Fundraising Manager: $ 115,400
  • Public Relation Specialist: $64,050
  • Writer : $ 67,870
  • Market Research Analyst: $ 61, 290
  • Art Director:$ 85,610
  • Top Executive: $ 173,320
  • Administrative Services Manager: $83, 790
  • SEO specialist: $72,500-$97,500
  • Social media manager: $67,000-$93,000
  • Web analytics specialist: $80,000-$106,250


Owing to the globalization process, technology and business grow their global presence. Communication has become incredibly important nowadays. Many jobs in communications are growing fast such as that of event planners, which will grow 33 percent between 2012 and 2022. Some jobs are growing as fast as average, such as fundraising manager at 13 percent, public relations specialist at 12 percent. But, a few professions in the communication field will experience slow growth, such as writers, with only a three percent increase between 2012 and 2020.

Event planners will be at the head of cross- cultural and international convention planning owing to the  global presence of business as well as public relations specialists.  These with expertise in social media might see the best prospects and anyone who has built a reputation and had a skills-set in the world of social media will be desirable and have the very best job opportunities in communications position.

Job Titles for Professionals with a Background in Communications


  • Reporters and Correspondents
  • Newscasters
  • Editors
  • Script Writers
  • Technical Writers

 Print and Electronic Publishing

  • Authors
  • Copy Writers
  • Editors
  • Desktop Publishers
  • Prepress Technicians
  • Printing Machine Operators
  • Bindery Workers and Machine Operators


  • Managers
  • Sales Managers and Representatives
  • Buyers and Purchasing Agents
  • Personnel Recruiters
  • Human Recourses Managers and Coordinators
  • Labor Relations Managers
  • Advertising Managers
  • Customer Service
  • Public Information Officers
  • Corporate Training Specialists

Marketing and Advertising

  • Media Planners and Buyers
  • Marketing Managers and Specialists
  • Media Salespersons
  • Creative Directors
  • Market Research Analysts
  • Advertising Managers

Arts and Humanities

  • Stage Managers
  • Script Writers
  • Set Designers
  • Casting Directors
  • Performing Artists


  • University Professors
  • Educational Administrator
  • Secondary Speech Forensics/Debate Coach
  • Admissions Counselor
  • Theatre and Drama Professors

Government and Politics

  • Campaign Directors
  • Lobbyists
  • Legislative Assistants
  • Research Specialists
  • Elected Officials

Public Relations

  • Public Relations Managers and Specialists
  • Publicity Managers
  • Media Planners
  • Advertising Managers
  • Media Analyst

International Relations

  • Cultural Advisers and Liaisons
  • International Business Consultants
  • Translators and Interpreters
  • Diplomats and Ambassadors
  • Foreign Correspondents
  • Language Specialists


  • Public Defenders
  • District Attorneys
  • Corporate Lawyers
  • Legal Reporters
  • Private Practice Lawyers
  • Legal Reporters
  • Mediation & Negotiation Specialists

How to Become a Welder

According to some of the newest, plausible and multiple researches that have been conducted on the area of business and the most fruitful opportunities in the world of business, the working position of a welder, in particular, was ranked quite high on the top list of the recently most sound business investments and the working positions that are most likely to bring you the greatest profit.

Having that in mind, it would be beneficial to get to know some of the useful data and some of the useful pieces of information that are connected to this working position that is gaining more and more popularity, especially in the recent few years. What it takes to become a welder and afterwards, what it takes one to enhance their welding business once they have started their career in this area successfully – these are the questions that the people interested in starting their career in welding might ask themselves. Therefore, the aim of this article is to try to reach their expectations and answer these questions.

What Do Welders Do

The first question that may pop up when any working position is at stake, especially when it is asked by someone who is not enough or event not at all familiar with the working position mentioned is how to obtain the required skills and qualities and meet up the expectations of a certain working position in order to get informed about how to start their career in the certain field.

When it comes to welding and welders, the most common occupation of this vocation is to work with metal materials of various kinds. For example, welders work with aluminum, steel and other metal materials. Besides, they can also choose to work with metal supplies and produce metal supplies. That sounds like the most attractive opportunity especially to the ones who are not mostly assured in their own skills and proficiency regarding welding. In addition, people in welding business can also dedicate to selling welding products and get engaged in welding service and transport, as well as cooperate with those who work in the fabrication industry.

To sum this paragraph up, these are the most common occupations of a welder:

  • fabricating aluminum products
  • fabricating steel products
  • producing aluminum and steel supplies
  • producing metal supplies
  • mobile welding
  • welding service and trade
  • running a blog about welding
  • cooperating with fabrication industries

Work Environment of a Welder

When it comes to the working environment of a welder, there are a few possibilities that need to be presented in this article in order for the reader to form a complete opinion on what it takes to become a welder. To start with, for most of the time, most of the welders are used to working in certain industrial facilities. Nevertheless, if one is starting out with a private business in welding according to their own preferences, one can also create a private space, in other words, a private venue or facility that enables workers to engage in welding and create various products and supplies. In addition to all of that, as it has been previously mentioned, many people engaged in welding business choose not only to fabricate products but to engage in welding trade and welding service as well. Therefore, they will also need to take their work outdoors. That refers to mobile welders mostly.

To sum up, here is the list of the possible work environments of a welder:

  • industrial facility
  • private facility
  • an office (regarding welding trade and service or running a blog)
  • outdoors (working with clients)

Challenges of Welding as a Working Position

This article has so far given a few pieces of information about what it means to be a welder, or in other words, what the basis and the basic details, as well as requirements of this working position, are. Now, the question about whether there are any challenges regarding this particular working position or not may arise. The same as it works for the majority of vocations people get engaged in, of course, there are various challenges welding imposes on the ones that engage in it as well. Firstly, one has to investigate the market thoroughly and be up to date with the news about welding and welding techniques and to always be up to date with all the information about welding. Besides, one engaged in welding needs to obtain certain skills, certificates and broad experience, as well as to carefully decide on who among the people from similar occupations one may cooperate with.

How to Become a Welder

Having found out what welders commonly do, what some of their most usual preoccupations are as well as what skills are on top of the list of the ones required from a welder that has headed for the future success, the next question that may logically arise is how one can become a welder. To become a welder, the same as it works for the most of all the human occupations and working positions, one needs to have certain skills and also to undergo a suitable training program in ordered to learn about the working process itself and achieve the requirements set for all the future welders who desire to appear as professionals and who get their future job seriously.

Therefore, one of the aims of this article is to inform the readers about what exactly the requirements set for a future welder are and how one can achieve them and become a successful welder. After explaining those crucial facts about this working position, this article will proceed to give pieces of advice on how one can enhance one’s welding business once one has successfully started out with it.

How to Create a Growth-Oriented Business

So far, this article has already given some pieces of information about what the skills required of a welder are as well as what the possible work environments in this working position might be. Once one has started out their welding business successfully, the next logical step is to get informed about how to enhance their business and make it growth-oriented. In order to improve your welding business, first of all you will need to investigate the market and to always be up to date with the most fruitful opportunities that appear for you out there. Besides that, every potentially successful business person must be willing to choose the most suitable partners to collaborate with. This is essential regarding almost any working career and area. In addition to that, every successful business person must be ready to think outside the box and not to be afraid of taking risks or trying new methods out, such as leading a blog about their business.

Training and Education

This paragraph aims to give the information about what type and level of education are expected from a future welder and kind of training they may need to undergo. First of all, welders are not required to reach a high level of formal education. Simply obtaining a high school diploma or an equivalent of this diploma are the minimal requirements. This is because some of the employers require their welders to have experience as apprentices or to have postsecondary education. Some employers may also require the completion of welding-based tests. In order to obtain these requirements, future welders need to choose the suitable program, whether a formal education one or an apprenticeship program, that reaches the expectations of their future employers. Here is the list of the possibilities in how to get the proper education and training as a welder.

  • Formal Education

When it comes to formal education, some employers do not require a high level of it to be achieved from their future employees in welding. Many of them consider a high school diploma or any equivalent as a completely satisfactory proof of their future employee’s knowledge. The others may have different preferences – they may require an undergraduate degree from a technical school, vocation school or a community college.

To assist you in choosing the right school in order to get prepared for a future welding career, here is the list of the schools that offer the best welding programs:

  • Lincoln Tech – located in Connecticut, requires being a high school graduate or having a completed GED
  • Fortis College – has campuses in Georgia, Ohio and Pennsylvania, offers classroom-based programs of welding and welding technology
  • Penn Foster High School – students are required to be at least at 14 years of age and have their eighth grade completed, based on online learning
  • Pearl River Community College – located in Mississippi, the curriculum includes a few areas: Coursework, Diploma, Associate, Mechanic and Repair Technologies (Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation, Refrigerator Repairing), Precision Metal Working (Machine Stop Technologies, Welding Technology, Vehicle Repair and Maintenance)
  • Dunwoody College of Technology – located in Minnesota, offers a program of Welding Technology among the department Precision Metal Working
  • Milwaukee Area Technical College – located in Wisconsin, offers a program of welding Technology among the department of Precision Metal Working.
  • High Level of Formal Education

Most of the employees in the business of welding do not set achieving a high level or degree in formal education as a demand for their future employees. Nevertheless, some people who desire to obtain more thorough knowledge in the field of welding have a few opportunities ahead. They may aim for a Welding Certificate of Achievement, as well as an Associate of Science in Welding or a Bachelor of Science in Welding Engineering.

Here is the list of some high educational institutions where the certificates mentioned can be obtained:

  • The University of Montana – located in Montana, offers a program of welding Technology among the department of Precision Metal working
  • Ferris State University
  • University of Alaska
  • Utah State University
  • Apprenticeships

Although they do not seek a high level of formal education from their future employees, the majority of employers in the field of welding require their employees to present them with a proof of their experience as apprentices. There are numerous possibilities offered to a welder who desires to gain more experience and become more capable of doing complex tasks. Therefore, if an apprenticeship is your employer’s requirement, make sure to go for it.

  • Seminars and Online Courses

Apart from engaging in apprenticeship, there are other possibilities for gaining the informal education in the field of welding. Here is the list of some of the useful seminars and courses that may help future welders gain more knowledge in the field:

  • CWI Pre-Seminar
  • CWS Online Seminar
  • CWSR Online Seminar
  • Destructive Testing
  • Economics of Welding
  • Fabrication Math (various levels)
  • Metallurgy (various levels)
  • AWS Seminars

In addition to all the seminars and courses listed, there are also a number of virtual conferences one can attend in order to gain more useful pieces of information and advice in the field of welding. There are also educational sources such as blogs and Youtube welding channels.

Specialists’ Assistance

If one desires any further assistance during their education and training in welding, one might find it useful to communicate and exchange knowledge and information with a specialist. That is always possible via visiting the Instructors Institute. There is a possibility to visit this institute online, which will save a lot of your time.

Certificate and Degree in Welding

As it has been previously said, the requirements for a future welder differ from employer to employer. Any of them may impose different demands onto their future employees. In order to obtain the right proof of your knowledge and experience as a welder, make sure to get informed about what are the ones that the employer you chose finds suitable. Here is the list of certain certificates and degrees that may be required from welders:

  • High School Diploma or a Diploma of equivalent level
  • Certificate in Apprenticeship
  • Undergraduate Degree from a technical school, vocation school, or a community college
  • Welding Certificate of Achievement
  • Associate of Science in Welding
  • Bachelor of Science in Welding Engineering


The research conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics combines a few similar occupations in order to determine their common average annual salary. Those similar job vocations are welders, cutters, solderers and brazers. According to the research conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the annual salary for each of these occupations is $ 40,970. The research was conducted in the year 2015.

Job Outlook

When it comes to job outlook in welding business, the research conducted recently by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that the working positions of welders, cutters, solderers and blazers have marked a significant projected job growth of 4% for the period 2014-2024. When the working position of a welder and welding business itself are at stake, it must be pointed out that there is a huge variety of opportunities and different positions one can choose from in the field of welding. Some of the people in this field may prefer working with aluminum or steel and creating products of those materials, as working with these two materials, in particular, appears as a sound investment especially in recent years, according to a renowned research.

The ones who do not have much confidence when it comes to their skills in fabricating products decide to resort to aluminum, steel or any other kind of metal supplies, which appears to be equally fruitful as using pure aluminum or steel. Welding service and trade, as well as mobile welding, are also the working positions in the field of welding that are highly required on the market nowadays. In order to help the readers and the potential future welders among them decide which of these positions they would like to choose, here is a list of the most common occupations of a welder:

  • Aluminum Products

A thorough research of the field of welding has shown that, especially in the few recent years and the current year of 2016, working with aluminum projects appeared as a fruitful business opportunity as well as a sound investment. Therefore, those who are ambitious about improving their welding business and are eager to find the material to work with which will bring them the greatest profit should definitely consider fabricating aluminum products.

  • Steel Products

Along with the fabrication of aluminum products, those who are seriously engaged in the field of welding business and wish to improve their business should consider resorting to fabricating steel products. The same as aluminum products, steel products are the ones that are constantly needed on the market. Therefore, fabricating and releasing such products will definitely appear as a sound investment to anyone who is seriously engaged in it.

  • Aluminum Supplies

When it comes to choosing the material you wish to work with from a broad range of those that are available, one might encounter the obstacle of not being enough self-assured or not being so convinced in their welding skills to risk working with materials such as pure aluminum and steel. There is a solution to such a problem. Apart from aluminum and steel products, aluminum supplies and steel supplies are by no means neglected on the market. Therefore, all the ones who feel insecure about starting to work with pure aluminum may resort to producing aluminum supplies, such as aluminum doors, wardrobes, windows, etc. as they are extremely popular on the market and widely used.

  • Steel Supplies

The same as some business persons engaged in the field of welding do not estimate their welding skills high enough to decide to take up working with pure steel and fabricating steel products may not get discouraged to keep being engaged in welding business. The same as it works for those who resort to working with aluminum supplies instead of pure aluminum due to the lack of the skills required may also resort to producing steel supplies rather than fabricating steel products. Some of these products may be steel rods, angles and sheets and all of them may be offered to the local community.

  • Welding Service and Trade

Although one engaged in welding may be quite successful when starting a small, local business and fabricating various products in cooperation with suitable partners, welding is by no means all about fabricating products of metal materials and producing a range of metal supplies. There is a whole load of further opportunities for your career in welding. As a serious and ambitious business person, you must investigate the market and start selling the products among the local community. This will definitely appear as a fruitful business opportunity.

  • Mobile Welding

This is a position that takes a person engaged in welding business outdoors, in order to present certain products and communicate with the local community and potential customers. In order to obtain a group of loyal customers, apart from being informed about and educated in welding, one must have exceptional communication skills and one must be up to date with the latest news from the local market.

  • Running a Blog about Welding

It is common knowledge that every business person who has headed towards success must be willing to think outside the box. The same definitely applies to the ones who are engaged in welding business. As it has been previously said, welding is not only about fabricating products and producing supplies. Apart from that and getting in touch with the local community and the other producers in order to sell certain products successfully, one can also engage in representing various products through writing a blog about welding.

Similar Occupations

If one desires to gain success in their future career, they must carefully examine the market and be informed about the opportunities that may be offered to them. Speaking of opportunities, one of the greatest of them may be to find a suitable person, company of a field similar to yours so you can successfully cooperate and create a partnership that will be beneficial to the both sides. Therefore, in order to decide who to collaborate with as a welder, here is the list of occupations similar to welding:

  • Fabrication Industries
  • Cutters
  • Solderers
  • Brazers

Among the occupations listed, the one that shares the greatest number of similarities with welding is fabrication industry. Therefore, it would be a sound investment to both welders and the ones engaged in this industry to cooperate and work on to various business projects together.

How to Become an Electrician


Electricians are vitally important nowadays. Let’s face it – without electricity, you would not be able to charge your newest iPhone, you would not be able to catch Pokemons at your local district, not to even mention sending snaps to your friends and liking their pictures on Instagram. With or without a license, electricians are well-trained technicians who are responsible starting from replacing an electrical outlet up to wiring buildings who are newly built.

If you want to know and find out more about electrician work, what skills it requires, what kind of education and training are necessary, this is the right place! Keep reading and you will find it out…


What does an Electrician do?

You will agree – our lives depends on electricity. Electricians are involved with a variety of settings. Basically, any type of building or facility that needs electricity to function. Our day to day life indeed relies on these workers and believe – there always will be demand for these workers.

In broad terms, electricians;

  • maintain, install and repair wiring, transformers and different other systems;
  • fix circuitry problems all around us (homes, shopping centres, and so on);
  • read technical diagrams and blueprints;
  • follow building codes and newest requirements in order to build wires safely;

Work environment

As you may guess, electricians work outdoors as well as indoors, and almost in every type of facility. If you really like your work and want to earn indeed good money, you don’t have to worry – most of the electricians have full-time work. Evenings and weekends are also working days.

The work involves electricity, so it is obvious that if you are a potential electrician, your negligence will cause you electrical shocks, burns, and even falls.

How to become an Electrician?

If you want to dedicate your life to this profession, the best way how to start is by attending a technical school. Most states require these general requirements to start your electrician career;

  • pass a drug test;
  • have a high school degree;
  • be 18 years old;
  • obtain a qualifying score on the test;


A lot of people don’t know this – you don’t need a college degree to become an electrician. You can attend electrician training school, community college or trade school. Choosing this path you will become journeymen electricians ( a fully trained electrician who is capable of all types of electrical design, maintenance and installation).
electrician-workAbove mentioned schools provide important preparation;

  • electrical theory, mathematics, motor control, wiring and circuitry;
  • some programs include apprenticeship program – completing this program will get you certified;
  • the specific number of training hours;
  • an exam about electrical theory, electric and building codes;

Skills required

electrician-skillsAs you may guess, a solid understanding of mathematics is required. You don’t have to be a genius, but basic knowledge and understanding will be a good asset for your future career.

Climbing around the buildings and different facilities requires respectable strength and condition. You don’t need to be a bodybuilder or a triathlonist, but you need to be in a good and healthy shape to become an electrician. You will never know what you will have to do to reach the target – reaching, crouching and climbing buildings. Don’t get this wrong – each of us has seen electricians in their fifties and they are not athletes, however, feeling your body and having a full range

of motion will be only a helpful asset. Let’s talk more about licensing. After you finish an apprenticeship, you will have to get your license to become a journeymen electrician (description of this “position” is mentioned above). Licenses are granted by the state, but in certain states, you can get them at the local municipal.


If some of you got confused about requirements and paths what you can choose to become an electrician, here we will break it down:

You can choose between two options –

  1. you find an apprenticeship on your own;
  2.  you attend a technical college, where you will learn skills to get a job.

Each of options got its pros and cons. Further, let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of each option;

Apprenticeship advantages;

  • they call it “earn as you learn” You will not earn as much as journeymen, but your wage will increase as the training continues and you get more skilled;
  • after finishing, your college debt will be a lot less than finishing technical college;
  • nowadays, this becomes a more popular way to become electricians through apprentice programs;

Apprenticeship disadvantages;

  • months of waiting, sometimes even years, if you don’t have contacts in the apprenticeship organisation. So if you want to become a specialist in this field as soon as possible, you might consider the second option;
  • lack of skills and knowledge to pass the exams and be skilful throughout the training course. So if you feel like you should brush up your mathematics skills, technical school will be the right option;
  • employers see electricians who attend technical school much more reliable and experienced than people who attend apprenticeship program;

The good thing is – there is a huge variety of electrician schools all across the country. Here lets look at the reasons why you should consider this option and why you shouldn’t.

Electrician school advantages;

  • chances of getting into school are much bigger. With you high school diploma you should get into this system very easily. There is a bigger competition for applying to apprenticeship than electrician schools;
  • you can apply at any time. Technical colleges have multiple times a year when you can start to study. Moreover – it is up to you when you apply for the studies;
  • if you didn’t do that well in high school, you will still have opportunity and chance to apply, so this is a great option how to get started;
  • they are affordable. You will not have to worry about student loan debt or other sources to get money;

Electrician school disadvantages;

  • college debt can be pain in the ass if I can say it like that. Even it costs much less than attending a four-year degree, you will still have to consider loan option. Let’s face it – if you are not working and you need to attend classes, you will need money to pay the rent and other expenses;
  • research before you apply. Out there are a lot of great training colleges, but not all of them are created equally. With that being said – before you apply for studies, you should visit the school, maybe talk with some students about studies and environment in the classrooms as well as in school. You will agree – that’s the worst thing what can happen when you already got student loan, you paid for your studies but only after a few months you realise that the money what you pay for studies, isn’t worth it;

Summing-up above mentioned things: if you are honest with yourself and you know that you’ve been lazy throughout your high school years, your math isn’t at that level as it supposed to be to become an electrician (at least to start) – electrician school is the best option for you. Also – if you are urgently searching to get started – electrician school is the best option

The reputation of your chosen school is more than important. Don’t be lazy – do a research and find out what people are talking about each school. In this way, you will also find out about costs for classes – if they do not charge too much. And in the end, you don’t want to end up with a huge debt and an expensive diploma that can’t help you get desired job position.

How much do Electricians make?

Let’s get down to the numbers – because that’s what you are interested the most, right? I got a good news for you – electricians make a solid salary if I may say so. If we look at the statistics, for the last year (2015th) average income in the United States was $54,500 per year. Thanks to Bureau of Labor Statistics, here we can look at the graph of the average electrician salary in each state. Moreover – comparing with the average salary of all other jobs;

State: Electricians: Average:
Alabama $44,430 $40,890
Alaska $78,800 $54,040
Arizona $45,940 $44,580
Arkansas $43,150 $37,940
California $64,370 $53,890
Colorado $48,240 $49,860
Connecticut $56,580 $55,060
Delaware $52,950 $49,520
Florida $41,970 $41,820
Georgia $45,420 $44,670
Hawaii $64,360 $46,230
Idaho $45,620 $39,770
Illinois $69,940 $48,780
Indiana $58,500 $41,470
Iowa $51,520 $41,120
Kansas $50,320 $42,020
Kentucky $47,070 $40,040
Louisiana $47,260 $40,190
Maine $47,040 $42,140
Maryland $55,590 $53,470
Massachusetts $62,850 $57,610
Michigan $59,520 $45,140
Minnesota $57,830 $48,310
Mississippi $44,360 $36,750
Missouri $57,300 $42,790
Montana $60,700 $39,880
Nebraska $43,790 $41,080
Nevada $57,070 $42,310
New Hampshire $48,050 $47,060
New Jersey $67,570 $53,920
New Mexico $47,890 $42,230
New York $69,820 $55,630
North Carolina $43,280 $40,550
North Dakota $56,350 $44,100
Ohio $51,370 $43,900
Oklahoma $47,510 $40,850
Oregon $68,690 $46,850
Pennsylvania $57,120 $45,750
Rhode Island $50,580 $49,570
South Carolina $41,820 $39,570
South Dakota $44,270 $37,300
Tennessee $46,710 $40,650
Texas $45,130 $45,330
Utah $47,520 $43,550
Vermont $45,000 $44,540
Virginia $47,850 $50,750
Washington $65,590 $52,540
West Virginia $53,190 $37,880
Wisconsin $55,280 $42,880
Wyoming $57,160 $44,930

Found your city? Even numbers are jumping if we look in general – electricians and earning pretty good money no matter in which state you will or desire to work. And numbers speak for themselves – in 47 out of 50 states, electricians are earning more than the average salary for all other jobs. Wait, wait, wait – you may be jumping up and down, already calculating and looking what kind of goods you will buy after the first year of working, but keep in mind – to earn good money, you have to be a good, skilled and reliable worker. Nobody will be interested in working with you if you will be an unskilled or negligent electrician. Another interesting fact – electrician salary is much higher than most of the positions with an expensive four-year college degree.

If some of you been too lazy to check above showed data, here I will mention some interesting data:

  • in 10 states the average income of electricians is more than $60,000 per year (Montana, New York, Illinois, Alaska, New Jersey, Oregon, California, Washington, Massachusetts and Hawaii);
  • in South Carolina electricians earns the least, but what is interesting – it was still more than the average income for all other professions;

Electrician apprentices earn less money than journeymen. But what is interesting – apprentices income increases as they progress more and more into their apprenticeship.

Job Outlook for Electricians

If you believe in statistics, it is estimated that employment of electricians will grow by 14% from 2014 to 2024, which is obvious, if we keep in mind that we are living in a technological century and our day to day life depends on electronic devices and most important – electricity. Homes and other facilities require more wiring, so electricians will be needed to install all these necessary components. Getting a job in this field should not worry you because many employers are already trying to find qualified applicants in their companies and firms. Electricians who can perform different tasks, such as solar installations, electronic system repairing and component wiring will have the best job opportunities and they will be highly demanded.

Currently, in the United States are working over half a million electricians. And as mentioned before – this number will grow within the next few years. Electricity is a clean, renewable source of energy. We read and see on social media that society should use less energy, become more efficient, use less petroleum and other energy sources, but as cities are developing, as technology is developing, we will continue to use (and I believe in much bigger quantities) electricity. Moreover – these “energy consumption” campaigns and “saving the earth” campaigns suggests that we should use and implement more solar power and wind power. But don’t get scared – how do you think, who will install and maintain these solar and wind turbines? Of course – ELECTRICIANS! And that is why this field is expected to grow so rapidly.

If you are still confused and don’t know if you want to apply for studies or no – this is the right time to make the decision.

Why An Electrician?

I believe that this article reads not only potential electricians but also people who are confused and still are looking for their path after high school. And if “electrician” as a profession is somewhere at the back of your head, here will be some other reasons why you should consider this profession as your future one:

  • well paid job for a profession that doesn’t require a 4-year bachelor’s degree. Already mentioned above, the average salary for electricians is $54,500 per year, but the average salary for people with a high school diploma is about $32,200 per year. You don’t have to be a mathematic genius to see, that it is $20,000 difference;
  • taking student loan is a reasonable thing. You invest in your future. Like dentists, doctors or other professions – even if the price for the studies is high, in the end, you will get a well paid job and this student loan will disappear within a few years. The price for the studies varies, so you need to research and consider all options before you start your studies;
  • you will have approvement for your skills – electricians license. In this way, your employer will be sure that you got all the skills to get the job done. For example, in business or marketing, employers actually aren’t sure if their possible employees are able to do the jobs what they are asked to do. But if you have a license, your future employers can be sure that you are properly trained and you got required skills for this profession;
  • you get stable and high demanded workplace. Think about postal workers – when was the last time you saw that guy in front of your mailbox? Social media, e-mails and other 21st century tools leave a lot of people without the job. There are a lot of jobs out there that will not be around us within the next few years. On the other hand – there are a lot of jobs out there who will not go anywhere, and guess what – electrician is one of them;
    • you get an active work. Desk jobs can cause you some health problems, not to even mention about overweight and so on. But electrician profession is perfect mix and equilibrium between active and lazy jobs;
    • opportunity for your own business. After years of work and gained experience, a lot of electricians opens their businesses. Having know-how and contacts within this field, it is easy to take job in your own hands and make a pretty good numbers with your own electrician company;

    Important qualities

    As we already mentioned some of the necessary skills that electrician profession requires, below mentioned ones, will give a huge asset for you as a future electrician, if you have them;

Physical strength – you need to be strong enough in order to carry heavy components;

Business skills – if you consider opening your own business, you must be able to bid on new opportunities, plan payroll, plan working assignments and track your inventory;

Troubleshooting skills – if a device stops working, it will be necessary to do some tests to understand and determine what causes the problem, and then, depending on the results, fix or replace the device. So finding, diagnosing and repairing problems can be on your day to day basis;

Physical stamina – as mentioned before, being active all day, carrying and moving around with you different components can be tuff, so your physical condition and cardio must be on point;

Colour vision – if you are Daltonian, it will cause you a lot of problems, because you will have to identify electric wires and other components by colour;

Customer skills – you will work with different people (clients) on a regular basis. So in order to be successful and well demanded, you have to be polite with your clients, think about whaelectrician-jobt kind of words you are using while around them and how you are behaving. Like they say – if your customer is happy, your business will grow and do well in the future;

Critical thinking – when you will have to perform different tests to understand and diagnose problems, it will be up to you what kind of tools you will use to determine the problem. For example – an outlet is broken. You can use a multimeter to check the amperage, voltage or resistance to determine the best and most efficient action to take;


A lot of talks, a lot of numbers. But let’s summarise this article. First things first – you need to like, I would say to love your profession or field, where are you working or studying. Only by loving and liking what you do, you can become a successful person in the specific field. If we talk about electricians – nowadays they are fundamentally important. And if this article convinced you, that the electrician is a profession what you would like to become in the future, visit as many sites as possible to figure out your next moves, check the available options for you, decide your path and once you start your journey – don’t let anything or anyone to stop you. As far as you love and like what you are doing – that is most important thing in your life.

“Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.” /Confucius/